display verbose output.
- -l lifetime
requests a ticket with the lifetime
The value for
must be followed immediately by one of the following delimiters:
as in "kinit -l 90m". You cannot mix units; a value of `3h30m' will
result in an error.
option is not specified, the default ticket lifetime (configured by each
site) is used. Specifying a ticket lifetime longer than the maximum
ticket lifetime (configured by each site) results in a ticket with the
- -s start_time
requests a postdated ticket, valid starting at
Postdated tickets are issued with the
flag set, and need to be fed back to the kdc before use.
- -r renewable_life
requests renewable tickets, with a total lifetime of
The duration is in the same format as the
option, with the same delimiters.
request forwardable tickets.
do not request forwardable tickets.
request proxiable tickets.
do not request proxiable tickets.
request tickets with the local address[es].
request address-less tickets.
requests canonicalization of the principal name.
treats the principal name as an enterprise name.
requests that the ticket granting ticket in the cache (with the
flag set) be passed to the kdc for validation. If the ticket is within
its requested time range, the cache is replaced with the validated
requests renewal of the ticket-granting ticket. Note that an expired
ticket cannot be renewed, even if the ticket is still within its
- -k [-t keytab_file]
requests a host ticket, obtained from a key in the local host's
file. The name and location of the keytab file may be specified with
option; otherwise the default name and location will be used.
Requests anonymous processing. Two types of anonymous principals are
supported. For fully anonymous Kerberos, configure pkinit on the KDC
in the client's krb5.conf. Then use the
option with a principal of the form
(an empty principal name followed by the at-sign and a realm name).
If permitted by the KDC, an anonymous ticket will be returned.
A second form of anonymous tickets is supported; these realm-exposed
tickets hide the identity of the client but not the client's realm.
For this mode, use
with a normal principal name. If supported by the KDC, the principal
(but not realm) will be replaced by the anonymous principal.
As of release 1.8, the MIT Kerberos KDC only supports fully anonymous
- -T armor_ccache
Specifies the name of a credential cache that already contains a
ticket. If supported by the KDC, This ccache will be used to armor
the request so that an attacker would have to know both the key of the
armor ticket and the key of the principal used for authentication in
order to attack the request. Armoring also makes sure that the
response from the KDC is not modified in transit.
- -c cache_name
as the Kerberos 5 credentials (ticket) cache name and location; if this
option is not used, the default cache name and location are used.
The default credentials cache may vary between systems. If the
environment variable is set, its value is used to name the default
ticket cache. Any existing contents of the cache are destroyed by
- -S service_name
specify an alternate service name to use when
getting initial tickets.
- -X attribute[=value]
specify a pre-authentication attribute and value to be passed to
pre-authentication plugins. The acceptable attribute and
value values vary from pre-authentication plugin to plugin.
This option may be specified multiple times to specify multiple
attributes. If no value is specified, it is assumed to be
The following attributes are recognized by the OpenSSL pkinit
specify where to find user's X509 identity information
specify where to find trusted X509 anchor information
specify use of RSA, rather than the default Diffie-Hellman protocol