Poster of Linux kernelThe best gift for a Linux geek
MKVPROPEDIT

MKVPROPEDIT

Section: User Commands (1) Updated: 2011-01-31
Local index Up
 

NAME

mkvpropedit - Modify properties of existing Matroska(TM) files without a complete remux  

SYNOPSIS

mkvpropedit [options] {source-filename} {actions}
 

DESCRIPTION

This program analyses an existing Matroska(TM) file and modifies some of its properties. Then it writes those modifications to the existing file. Among the properties that can be changed are the segment information elements (e.g. the title) and the track headers (e.g. the language code, 'default track' flag or the name).

Options:

-l, --list-property-names

Lists all known and editable property names, their type (string, integer, boolean etc) and a short description. The program exits afterwards. Therefore the source-filename parameter does not have to be supplied.

-p, --parse-mode mode

Sets the parse mode. The parameter 'mode' can either be 'fast' (which is also the default) or 'full'. The 'fast' mode does not parse the whole file but uses the meta seek elements for locating the required elements of a source file. In 99% of all cases this is enough. But for files that do not contain meta seek elements or which are damaged the user might have to set the 'full' parse mode. A full scan of a file can take a couple of minutes while a fast scan only takes seconds.

Actions:

-e, --edit selector

Sets the Matroska(TM) file section (segment information or a certain track's headers) that all following add, set and delete actions operate on. This option can be used multiple times in order to make modifications to more than one element.

By default mkvpropedit(1) will edit the segment information section.

See the section about edit selectors for a full description of the syntax.

-a, --add name=value

Adds a property name with the value value. The property will be added even if such a property exists already. Note that most properties are unique and cannot occur more than once.

-s, --set name=value

Sets all occurrences of the property name to the value value. If no such property exists then it will be added.

-d, --delete name

Deletes all occurrences of the property name. Note that some properties are required and cannot be deleted.

Other options:

--command-line-charset character-set

Sets the character set to convert strings given on the command line from. It defaults to the character set given by system's current locale.

--output-charset character-set

Sets the character set to which strings are converted that are to be output. It defaults to the character set given by system's current locale.

-r, --redirect-output file-name

Writes all messages to the file file-name instead of to the console. While this can be done easily with output redirection there are cases in which this option is needed: when the terminal reinterprets the output before writing it to a file. The character set set with --output-charset is honored.

--ui-language code

Forces the translations for the language code to be used (e.g. 'de_DE' for the German translations). It is preferable to use the environment variables LANG, LC_MESSAGES and LC_ALL though. Entering 'list' as the code will cause mkvextract(1) to output a list of available translations.

-v, --verbose

Be verbose and show all the important Matroska(TM) elements as they're read.

-h, --help

Show usage information and exit.

-V, --version

Show version information and exit.

--check-for-updates

Checks online for new releases by downloading the URL http://mkvtoolnix-releases.bunkus.org/latest-release.xml. Four lines will be output in key=value style: the URL from where the information was retrieved (key version_check_url), the currently running version (key running_version), the latest release's version (key available_version) and the download URL (key download_url).

Afterwards the program exists with an exit code of 0 if no newer release is available, with 1 if a newer release is available and with 2 if an error occured (e.g. if the update information could not be retrieved).

This option is only available if the program was built with support for libcurl.

@options-file

Reads additional command line arguments from the file options-file. Lines whose first non-whitespace character is a hash mark ('#') are treated as comments and ignored. White spaces at the start and end of a line will be stripped. Each line must contain exactly one option.

Several chars can be escaped, e.g. if you need to start a non-comment line with '#'. The rules are described in the section about escaping text.

The command line 'mkvpropedit source.mkv --edit track:a2 --set name=Comments' could be converted into the following option file:

# Modify source.mkv
source.mkv
# Edit the second audio track
--edit
track:a2
# and set the title to 'Comments'
--set
title=Comments
     
 

EDIT SELECTORS

The --edit option sets the Matroska(TM) file section (segment information or a certain track's headers) that all following add, set and delete actions operate on. This stays valid until the next --edit option is found. The argument to this option is called the edit selector.

By default mkvpropedit(1) will edit the segment information section.  

Segment information

The segment information can be selected with one of these three words: 'info', 'segment_info' or 'segmentinfo'. It contains properties like the segment title or the segment UID.  

Track headers

Track headers can be selected with a slightly more complex selector. All variations start with 'track:'. The track header properties include elements like the language code, 'default track' flag or the track's name.

track:n

If the parameter n is a number then the nth track will be selected. The track order is the same that mkvmerge(1)'s --identify option outputs.

track:tn

If the parameter starts with a single character t followed by a n then the nth track of a specific track type will be selected. The track type parameter t must be one of these four characters: 'a' for an audio track, 'b' for a button track, 's' for a subtitle track and 'v' for a video track. The track order is the same that mkvmerge(1)'s --identify option outputs.

track:=uid

If the parameter starts with a '=' followed by a number uid then the track whose track UID element equals this uid. Track UIDs can be obtained with mkvinfo(1).

track:@number

If the parameter starts with a '@' followed by a number number then the track whose track number element equals this number. Track number can be obtained with mkvinfo(1).
 

Notes

Due to the nature of the track edit selectors it is possible that several selectors actually match the same track headers. In such cases all actions for those edit selectors will be combined and executed in the order in which they're given on the command line.  

EXAMPLES

The following example edits a file called 'movie.mkv'. It sets the segment title and modifies the language code of an audio and a subtitle track. Note that this example can be shortened by leaving out the first --edit option because editing the segment information element is the default for all options found before the first --edit option anyway.

$ mkvpropedit movie.mkv --edit info --set "title=The movie" --edit track:a1 --set language=fre --edit track:a2 --set language=ita
  

The second example removes the 'default track flag' from the first subtitle track and sets it for the second one. Note that mkvpropedit(1), unlike mkvmerge(1), does not set the 'default track flag' of other tracks to '0' if it is set to '1' for a different track automatically.

$ mkvpropedit movie.mkv --edit track:s1 --set flag-default=0 --edit track:s2 --set flag-default=1
  
 

EXIT CODES

mkvpropedit(1) exits with one of three exit codes:

0 -- This exit codes means that the modification has completed successfully.

1 -- In this case mkvpropedit(1) has output at least one warning, but the modification did continue. A warning is prefixed with the text 'Warning:'. Depending on the issues involved the resulting files might be ok or not. The user is urged to check both the warning and the resulting files.

2 -- This exit code is used after an error occurred. mkvpropedit(1) aborts right after outputting the error message. Error messages range from wrong command line arguments over read/write errors to broken files.

 

ESCAPING SPECIAL CHARS IN TEXT

There are a few places in which special characters in text must or should be escaped. The rules for escaping are simple: each character that needs escaping is replaced with a backslash followed by another character.

The rules are: ' ' becomes '\s', '"' becomes '\2', ':' becomes '\c', '#' becomes '\h' and '\' itself becomes '\\'.  

SEE ALSO

mkvmerge(1), mkvinfo(1), mkvextract(1), mmg(1)  

WWW

The latest version can always be found at m[blue]the MKVToolNix homepagem[][1].  

AUTHOR

Moritz Bunkus <moritz@bunkus.org>

Developer
 

NOTES

1.
the MKVToolNix homepage
http://www.bunkus.org/videotools/mkvtoolnix/


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EDIT SELECTORS
Segment information
Track headers
Notes
EXAMPLES
EXIT CODES
ESCAPING SPECIAL CHARS IN TEXT
SEE ALSO
WWW
AUTHOR
NOTES

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:23:58 GMT, April 16, 2011