displays the layout of the partitions in a volume system, which include partition
tables and disk labels.
Specify the media management type. Use '-t list' to list the supported types. If not given, autodetection methods are used.
Specify the offset into the image where the volume containing the
partition system starts. The relative offset of the partition system
will be added to this value.
The size, in bytes, of the underlying device sectors. If not given, the value in the image format is used (if it exists) or 512-bytes is assumed.
Identify the type of image file, such as raw or split. If not given, autodetection methods are used.
Include a column with the partition sizes in bytes
Recurse into DOS partitions and look for other partition tables. This setup frequently occurs when Unix is installed on x86 systems.
Verbose output of debugging statements to stderr
Show allocated volumes
Show unallocated volumes
Show metadata volumes
Hide metadata volumes
One (or more if split) disk images whose format is given with '-i'.
'mmls' is similar to 'fdisk -lu' in Linux with a few differences.
Namely, it will show which sectors are not being used so that those
can be searched for hidden data. It also gives the length value so
that it can be plugged into 'dd' more easily for extracting the
partitions. It also will show BSD disk labels for Free, Open, and
NetBSD and will display the output in sectors and not cylinders.
Lastly, it works on non-Linux systems.
If none of -a, -A, -m, or -M are given then all volume types will
be listed. If any of them are given, then only the types specified
on the command line will be listed.
Allocated volumes are those that are listed in a partition table
in the volume system AND can store data. Unallocated volumes are
virtually created by mmls to show you which sectors have not been
allocated to a volume. The metadata volumes overlap the allocated
and unallocated volumes and describe where the partition tables and
other metadata structures are located. In some volume systems,
these structures are in allocated space and in others they are in
unallocated space. In some volume systems, their location is
explicitly given in the partition tables and in others they are
To list the partition table of a Windows system using autodetect:
# mmls disk_image.dd
To list the contents of a BSD system that starts in sector 12345 of a split image: