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MP3SPLT

MP3SPLT

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NAME

mp3splt --- Utility for mp3/ogg splitting without decoding  

SYNOPSIS

mp3splt [OPTIONS] FILE1 [FILE2] ... [BEGIN_TIME] [TIME2] ... [END_TIME]

FILE: mp3 or ogg file to be split. If you want to specify STDIN as input, you can use "m-" (or "-") when input is mp3, and "o-" when ogg. Multiple files can be specified, all files will be split with the same criterion.

TIME FORMAT: begin_time and end_time must be in this form:

minutes.seconds[.hundredths]

Minutes (required): There is no limit to minutes. (You must use this format also for minutes over 59)
Seconds (required): Must be between 0 and 59.
Hundredths (optional): Must be between 0 and 99. Use them for higher precision.

Multiple split points can be specified. After the minimal 2, another indefinite number of split points can be specified. Each split point will be an end time for the previous, and a begin for the following. If you want to reach the end of file, you can use "EOF" as last splitpoint.  

DESCRIPTION

mp3splt is a free command-line utility that allows you to split mp3 and ogg files from several splitpoints, without need of decoding and reencoding. It is useful to split large mp3/ogg to make smaller files or to split entire albums to obtain original tracks.

If you are splitting an album you can get splitpoints and filenames automatically from servers on internet like freedb.org, tracktype.org or from a local .XMCD (.CDDB) or .CUE file (see -c option), with the possibility to adjust them automatically with silence detection (see -a option).

You can also try to split files automatically with silence detection (see -s option), or by a fixed time length (see -t option)

Or if you have a file created either with Mp3Wrap or AlbumWrap, you can easily split it just with one command (see -w option).

NOTE for MP3: usually mp3splt understands if mp3 is VBR by checking the presence of a Xing or Info header and will consequently start in framemode, but if this is not present, mp3splt will start in standard mode. This means that splitting process will be quicker, but will be imprecise due to variable bitrate, you can split those VBR files only with framemode (see -f option).

NOTE about TAGS: by default, mp3splt will put the original tags in the split files. Custom tags for the split files can be set with the -g option.

NOTE about MP3 TAGS: in order to extract the original tags from mp3 files, libmp3splt must be compiled with 'id3tag' support. By default, the output files will have the same ID3 tag version as the input file. However, ID3V1 output can be forced with the -1 option and ID3V2 with the -2 option.

NOTE about the OUTPUT DIRECTORY: by default, mp3splt will put the split files in the directory of the input file. In order to change the output directory, you can use one of the following options : -d or -o. Please note that directories from the -o option will be created relative to the input file directory.

 

OPTIONS

-w
Wrap Mode. Use to split file created with:

Mp3Wrap (http://mp3wrap.sourceforge.net): This tool joins two or more mp3 files in one large playable file that usually contains the string MP3WRAP in filename and a special comment in ID3v2. If the file you are splitting is a Mp3Wrap file the splitting process will be very fast and you will obtain all files just with one command. If your filename contains MP3WRAP and you have errors or you don't want to use wrap mode, just remove it from the file.

AlbumWrap: mp3splt is compatible also with albumwrap files, which usually contain the string ALBW in filename and ID3v2 contains AlbumWrap. But, as AlbumWrap extractor, mp3splt doesn't give any warranty.

-l
List mode (Only for Wrap mode). Lists all tracks wrapped in a Mp3Wrap or AlbumWrap archive without any extraction. Use this to view the content of the file or to test if file is a valid wrapped file.

-e
Error mode (mp3 only). It is useful to split large file derivated from a concatenation of smaller files. It detects split points from the so called "sync errors" (data that break stream, such as ID3 or junk data). Examples of applicable files are wrapped file (both AlbumWrap and Mp3Wrap) or file created by appending many mp3 files together. So, when you have a file to split, you should always try to use this option.

-t TIME
Time mode. This option will create an indefinite number of smaller files with a fixed time length specified by TIME (which has the same format described above). It is useful to split long files into smaller (for example with the time length of a CD). Adjust option (-a) can be used to adjust splitpoints with silence detection.

-s
Silence mode, to split with silence detection. When you use -s option, mp3splt attempts to detect silence points in all the file (or just in some parts, see -a and -c below for this). To detect silence we need to decode files, so this option can be really slow if used with big files. It accepts some parameters with -p option (see below for a detailed description): threshold level (th) which is the sound level to be considered silence, number of tracks (nt) which is the desired number of tracks, cutpoint offset (off) which is the offset of cutpoint in silence, minimum_length (min) which is the minimum silence length in seconds, remove silence (rm) which allows you to remove the silence between split tracks. If you don't specify any parameter, mp3splt will use the default values. Of course if you specify the number of tracks to split, you will help mp3splt to understand what are the most probable split points, anyway once you scan a file with -s option, mp3splt will write a file named "mp3splt.log" in which it saves all silence points found. This allows you to run mp3splt with different parameters (except th and min) without decoding the file again. Finally, if the number of silence points is not correct, you have many chances to achieve right result. For example if a silence point was not detected because too short, you can manually split the long track in the two smaller ones. Or if file is an MP3 (not with ogg) and there are too many silence points that can't be discarded reducing track number (because are longer than right points) you can safely concatenate them with 'cat' programs or similar ('copy /b file1+file2' for dos) because split files are consecutive, no data is lost and no ID3 is written for this purpose. This option is intended to split small/medium size (but even large if you can wait ;) mp3 and ogg files where tracks are separated by a reasonable silence time. To try to split mixed albums or files with consecutive tracks (such as live performances) might be only a waste of time.

Note about "mp3splt.log" :


  The first line contains the name of the split file
  The second line contains the threshold and the minimum silence length
  The next lines contain each one three columns :
      -the first column is the start position of the found silence (in seconds.fractions)
      -the second column is the end position of the found silence (in seconds.fractions)
      -the third column is the length of the silence in hundreths of seconds
          (second_column * 100 - first_column * 100)

-c SOURCE
CDDB mode. To get splitpoints and filenames automatically from SOURCE, that is the name of a ".CUE" file (note that it must end with ".cue", otherwise it will be wrongly interpreted as a cddb file) or a local .XMCD (.CDDB) file on your hard disk.

If you want to get informations from Internet, SOURCE must have one of the following formats :


    query
    query{album}
    query{album}(ALBUM_RESULT_NUMBER)
    query[search=protocol://SITE:PORT,
             get=protocol://SITE:PORT]

    query[search...]{album}
    query[search...]{album}(ALBUM_RESULT_NUMBER)

If a string is specified between '{' and '}', then the internet search is made on this string and the user will not be requested to interactively input a search string. The number between '(' and ')' is for auto-selecting the result number ALBUM_RESULT_NUMBER; thus, the user will not be requested to interactively input a result number.

The other parameters between '[' and ']' are used to specify the protocols and the sites. If those parameters are not specified, default values will be chosen, which are good enough in most cases. Inside the square brackets, 'search' defines the CDDB search protocol and site (for searching the disc ID from the album and title); 'get' defines the CDDB download protocol and site (for downloading the CDDB file from the disc ID). Valid 'search' protocols are : 'cddb_cgi' and 'cddb_protocol'. Valid 'get' protocols are : 'cddb_cgi'.

Examples :


  query[search=cddb_cgi://tracktype.org/~cddb/cddb.cgi:80,
        get=cddb_cgi://tracktype.org/~cddb/cddb.cgi:80]

  query[get=cddb_protocol://freedb.org:8880]

  query[get=cddb_cgi://freedb.org/~cddb/cddb.cgi:80]

Mp3splt will connect to the server and start to find the requested informations. If the right album is found, then mp3splt will query the server to get the selected album and (if no problem occurs) will write a file named "query.cddb" from which will get splitpoints and filenames.

IMPORTANT NOTE FOR CDDB: File split with this option can be not very precise due to:

1) Who extracts CD tracks may use "Remove silence" option. This means that the large file is shorter than CD Total time. Never use this option.
2) Who burns CD may add extra pause seconds between tracks. Never do it.
3) Encoders may add some padding frames so that file is longer than CD.
4) There are several entries of the same cd on CDDB. In mp3splt they appears with "\=>" symbol. Try some of them and find the best for yours; usually you can find the correct splitpoints, so good luck!

YOU CAN USE -a OPTION TO ADJUST SPLITPOINTS!

-a
Auto-adjust mode. This option uses silence detection to auto-adjust splitpoints. It can be used in standard mode, or with -t and -c option (of course if there is silence in the file ;). It accepts some parameters with -p option (see below for a detailed description): threshold level (th) which is the sound level to be considered silence, cutpoint offset (off) which is the offset of cutpoint in silence, gap (gap) which is the gap value around splitpoint to search for silence. If you don't specify any parameter, mp3splt will use the default values. With -a option splitting process is the same, but for each splitpoint mp3splt will decode some time (gap) before and some after to find silence and adjust splitpoints.

-p PARAMETERS
Parameters for -a and -s option. When using -a and -s option some users parameters can be specified in the argument and must be in the form:

<name1=value,name2=value,..>

You can specify an indefinite number of them, with no spaces and separated by comma. Available parameters are:

Both -s and -a

th=FLOAT
Threshold level (dB) to be considered silence. It is a float number between -96 and 0. Default is -48 dB, which is a value found by tests and should be good in most cases.
off=FLOAT
Float number between -2 and 2 and allows you to adjust the offset of cutpoint in silence time. 0 is the begin of silence, and 1 the end. Default is 0.8. In most cases, you will only need to use a value between 0 and 1.

Offset visualization :


                               v off=0    v off=1
 ++++ ... ++++++++++++++++++++++----------++++++++++  ... +++++
                           ^off=-0.5          ^off=1.5
                      ^off=-1                      ^off=2
                 ^off=-1.5
          ^off=-2

Legend : pluses are 'audio', minuses 'silence', 'v' down-arrow, '^' up-arrow and '...' a segment of the audio file (silence or audio)

Only -s

nt=INTEGER
Positive integer number of tracks to be split when using -s option. By default all tracks are split.
min=FLOAT
Positive float of the minimum number of seconds to be considered a valid splitpoint. All silences shorter than min are discarded. Default is 0.
rm
Does not require an additional number and it used to remove silence when using -s option.

Only -a

gap=INTEGER
Positive integer for the time to decode before and after splitpoint, increase if splitpoints are completely wrong, or decrease if wrong for only few seconds. Of course the smaller the gap, the faster the process. Default gap is 30 seconds (so for each song, total decode time is one minute).

-f
Frame mode (mp3 only). Process all frames, seeking split positions by counting frames and not with bitrate guessing. In this mode you have higher precision and you can split variable bitrate (VBR) mp3. (You can also split costant bitrate mp3, but it will take more time). Note also that "high" precision means that time seeking is reliable, but may not coincide for example with another player program that uses time seeking with bitrate guessing, so make your choice. Frame mode will print extra info on split process, such as sync errors. If you obtain some sync errors, try also to split with -e option.

-k
Input not seekable. Consider input not seekable (default when using STDIN as input). This allows you to split mp3 and ogg streams which can be read only one time and can't be seeked. Both framemode and standard mode are available, but framemode can be really slow if used with big files, because to seek splitpoints we need to process all bytes and all frames. -k option (so STDIN as input too) can't be used together with -s -a -w -e, because input must be seekable for those options.

-O TIME
Overlap split files. TIME will be added to each end splitpoint. Current implementation of this option makes the split slower.

-o FORMAT
Output format. FORMAT is a string that will be used as output directory and/or filename. If FORMAT contains the DIRCHAR character ('\' on windows and '/' on other systems), directories will be created for each DIRCHAR if they don't exist and the output files will be created in the corresponding directory. If the -d option is not specified, the output directory is the concatenation of the input file directory and the extracted path from FORMAT. If the -d option is also specified, the output directory will be the concatenation between the -d option value and the extracted path from the -o FORMAT (characters up to the last DIRCHAR). Invalid filename characters from the tags are transformed to '_'.

It can contain name variables, that must begin with @ char and that can be:

@a: artist name
@p: performer of each song (only with .cue)
@b: album title
@t: song title*
@n: track number identifier* (not the real ID3 track number)**
@N: track tag number**
@f: input filename (without extension)
@m, @s or @h: the number of minutes, seconds or hundreths of seconds of the start splitpoint**
@M, @S or @H: the number of minutes, seconds or hundreths of seconds of the end splitpoint**

(**) a digit may follow for the number of digits to output

When split files are more than one, at least one between @t and @n (*) must be present to avoid ambiguous names. You can put any prefix, separator, suffix in the string, for more elegance. To make easy the use spaces in output filename without interfering with line parameters, you can use the char '+' that will be automatically replaced with a space. Valid examples are:

@n_@a_@b_@t
@a+-+@n+-+@t (default if using -c and -o is not specified)
@a/@b/@t_@n (will create the directories '<artist>' and '<artist>/<album>')
@f_@n+@m:@s+@M:@S

-d NAME
Output directory. To put all output files in the directory named NAME. If directory does not exists, it will be created. The -o option can also be used to output files into a directory.

-n
No tags. Does not write ID3 or Vorbis comment in output files. Use if you need clean files. See also the -x option.

-x
No Xing header. Does not write the Xing header in output files. Use this option with -n if you wish to concatenate the split files and obtain a similar file as the input file.

-1
Force ID3v1 tags. For mp3 files, force output tags as version 1.

-2
Force ID3v2 tags. For mp3 files, force output tags as version 2.

-N
No silence log file. Don't create the 'mp3splt.log' log file when using silence detection. This option cannot be used without the '-s' option.

-g TAGS
Custom tags. Set custom tags to the split files. TAGS should contain a list of square brackets pairs []. The tags defined in the first pair of square brackets will be set on the first split file, those defined in the second pair of square brackets will be set on the second split file, ... Inside a pair of square brackets, each tag is defined as @variable=value and tags are separated by comma. If a percent sign % is found before the open square bracket character, then the pair of square brackets following the % character will define the default tags in the following files. Multiple '%' can be defined. The variables can be :

@a: artist name
@b: album title
@t: audio title
@y: year
@c: comment
@n: track number
@o: set original tags
@N: auto increment track number : this variable has to be placed inside the %[] field in order to have the track number auto incremented for all the split files following it

Example of tags format : %[@o,@N=1,@b=special_album][@a=foo,@b=bar][@t=footitle]. In this example, the first split file will have the original tags with album tag replaced by 'special album'; the second split file will have the tags of the first split, with the artist tag replaced by 'foo' and the album tag replaced by 'bar'; the third split file will have the tags of the first split, with the title tag replaced by 'footitle'. The track number will start at 1 for the first split file and auto increment to the other files.

-m M3U
Create .m3u file. Creates a .m3u file containing the split files. The generated .m3u file only contains the split filenames without the path. If an output directory is specified with -d or -o, the file is created in this directory. The path of M3U is ignored. This option cannot be used with STDOUT output.

-q
Quiet mode. Stays quiet :) i.e. do not prompt the user for anything and print less messages. When you use quiet option, mp3splt will try to end program without asking anything to the user (useful for scripts). In Wrap mode it will also skip CRC check, use if you are in such a hurry.

-Q
Very quiet mode. Enables the -q option and does not print anything to STDOUT. This option cannot be used with STDOUT output.

-D
Debug mode. Experimental debug support. Print extra informations about what is being done. Current print doesn't have a nice format.

-i
Count silence mode. Print the number of silence splitpoints found with silence detection. Use -p for arguments.

-v
Print version. Print the version of mp3splt and libmp3splt and exit.

-h
Print help. Print a short usage of mp3splt and exit.

 

EXAMPLES

mp3splt album.mp3 54.32.19 67.32 -o out
mp3splt album.ogg 54.32.19 67.32 -o out

This is the standard use of mp3splt for constant bitrate mp3 or for any ogg. You specify a begin time (which in this case uses hundredths, 54.32.19), an end time and an output file.

mp3splt -f -d newdir album.mp3 album2.mp3 145.59 234.2

This is frame mode for variable bitrate mp3 and multiple files. You can see that time format uses min.sec even if minutes are over 60. Output files in this case will be: album_145m_59s_0h__234m_2s_0h.mp3 and album2_145m_59s_0h__234m_2s_0h.mp3 because user didn't specify it and they will be in the directory named newdir.

mp3splt -nf album.mp3 0.12 21.34.7 25.3 30.40 38.58

This is the use of -n option and multiple splitpoints. Four files will be created and will not contain ID3 informations.

mp3splt -w album_MP3WRAP.mp3

This is Wrap mode. You can use this when mp3 is a file wrapped with Mp3Wrap or AlbumWrap. You can specify an output directory with the -d option.

mp3splt -lq album.mp3

This is List mode. You can use this when you want to list all tracks of a wrapped file without extracting them. With quiet option (-q), program will not calculate CRC!

mp3splt -s f.mp3 or mp3splt -s -p th=-50,nt=10 f.mp3

This is silence option. Mp3splt will try to automatically detect splitpoints with silence detection and in the first case will split all tracks found with default parameters, while in the second 10 tracks (or less if too much) with the most probable silence points at a threshold of -50 dB.

mp3splt -c file.cddb album.mp3

This is CDDB mode with a local file. Filenames and splitpoints will be taken from file.cddb.

mp3splt -c query album.mp3

This is CDDB mode with internet query. Will ask you the keyword to search and you will select the wanted cd.

mp3splt -a -c file.cddb album.mp3

This is CDDB mode with auto-adjust option (default parameters). Splitpoints will be adjusted with silence detection in a range of 30 seconds before and after cddb splitpoints.

mp3splt -a -p gap=15,th=-23,rm -c file.cddb album.mp3

This is CDDB mode with auto-adjust option. Splitpoints will be adjusted with silence detection in a range of 15 seconds before and after cddb splitpoints, with a threshold of -23 dB, and silence will be removed.

mp3splt -c query album.mp3 -n -o @n_@t

This is CDDB mode with internet query with Frame mode, NoID3 and Output format. Output filenames will be named like: 01_Title.mp3

mp3splt -t 10.00 album.mp3

This is -t option. It will split album.mp3 in many files of 10 minutes each.  

BUGS

Report any bugs you find to Authors (see below). Advices, info requests and contributions are welcome.  

SEE ALSO

mp3wrap(1)  

AUTHORS

Matteo Trotta <mtrotta@users.sourceforge.net>
Alexandru Ionut Munteanu <io_fx@yahoo.fr>  

DISTRIBUTION

Visit http://mp3splt.sourceforge.net for latest release.

mp3splt-project is

(C) 2002-2005 by Matteo Trotta
(C) 2005-2009 by Alexandru Ionut Munteanu

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU General Public License. This can be found as COPYING in mp3splt packages.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
EXAMPLES
BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
DISTRIBUTION

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:24:03 GMT, April 16, 2011