permits fine control when synchronizing the open file referred to by the
is the starting byte of the file range to be synchronized.
specifies the length of the range to be synchronized, in bytes; if
is zero, then all bytes from
through to the end of file are synchronized.
Synchronization is in units of the system page size:
is rounded down to a page boundary;
is rounded up to a page boundary.
bit-mask argument can include any of the following values:
Wait upon write-out of all pages in the specified range
that have already been submitted to the device driver for write-out
before performing any write.
Initiate write-out of all dirty pages in the specified
range which are not presently submitted write-out.
Note that even this may block if you attempt to
write more than request queue size.
Wait upon write-out of all pages in the range
after performing any write.
as 0 is permitted, as a no-op.
This system call is extremely dangerous and should not be used in portable
None of these operations writes out the file's metadata.
Therefore, unless the application is strictly performing overwrites of
already-instantiated disk blocks, there are no guarantees that the data will
be available after a crash.
There is no user interface to know if a write is purely an overwrite.
On file systems using copy-on-write semantics (e.g.,
an overwrite of existing allocated blocks is impossible.
When writing into preallocated space,
many file systems also require calls into the block
allocator, which this system call does not sync out to disk.
This system call does not flush disk write caches and thus does not provide
any data integrity on systems with volatile disk write caches.
will detect any
I/O errors or
conditions and will return these to the caller.
completion of write-out of all pages in the specified range.
This can be used after an earlier
SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE | SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE
operation to wait for completion of that operation, and obtain its result.