void aio_init (const struct aioinit *init)
The POSIX standard does not specify how the AIO functions are implemented. They could be system calls, but it is also possible to emulate them at userlevel.
At the point of this writing, the available implementation is a userlevel implementation which uses threads for handling the enqueued requests. While this implementation requires making some decisions about limitations, hard limitations are something which is best avoided in the GNU C library. Therefore, the GNU C library provides a means for tuning the AIO implementation according to the individual use.
This data type is used to pass the configuration or tunable parameters to the implementation. The program has to initialize the members of this struct and pass it to the implementation using the aio_init function.
This function must be called before any other AIO function. Calling it is completely voluntary, as it is only meant to help the AIO implementation perform better.
Before calling the aio_init, function the members of a variable of type struct aioinit must be initialized. Then a reference to this variable is passed as the parameter to aio_init which itself may or may not pay attention to the hints.
It is a extension which follows a proposal from the SGI implementation in Irix 6. It is not covered by POSIX.1b or Unix98.