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CGI manipulation

CGI manipulation

Section: C Library Functions (3) Updated: 13 Mar 2003
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NAME

CGI manipulation -

 

Functions


formvars * cgi_process_form ()
Process HTML form or URL data.
void cgi_fatal (const char *msg)
Kills the application with a message.
int cgi_include (const char *filename)
Include static files.
void cgi_init_headers ()
Initialize HTML headers.
char * cgi_param_multiple (const char *name)
Return all values with the same name sent by a form.
void cgi_redirect (char *url)
Recirects to the specified url.
int cgi_init ()
Main cgi function.
void cgi_end ()
Performs cgi clean ups.
char * cgi_unescape_special_chars (char *str)
Transforms' URL special chars.
char * cgi_escape_special_chars (char *str)
Transforms' special characters into hexadecimal form ( %E1 ).
char * cgi_param (const char *var_name)
Gets the of HTML or URL variable indicated by 'name'.
void cgi_send_header (const char *header)
Sends a specific header.  

Function Documentation

 

void cgi_end ()

Performs cgi clean ups.Provides some methods to clean memory or any other job that need to be done before the end of the application.

See also:

cgi_init

 

char* cgi_escape_special_chars (char * str)

Transforms' special characters into hexadecimal form ( %E1 ).Parameters:

str String to parse

Returns:

The new string

See also:

cgi_unescape_special_chars

 

void cgi_fatal (const char * msg)

Kills the application with a message.Writes msg and terminate

Parameters:

msg Message to send to the browser before killing

 

int cgi_include (const char * filename)

Include static files.Function used to include static data ( normaly html files ). File contents will never be processed. Note that I don't scan for any special character. The reason I did it is, if the you are using this library, you have a shell where you can compile the cgi program. And can do much more ;-)

Parameters:

filename Filename with full path to include

Returns:

If an error occurs and libcgi_debug is true, then a warning message is showed.

See also:

libcgi_debug


 cgi_include('top_bar.htm');
 


 

int cgi_init ()

Main cgi function.Configures all (most?) we need to get cgi library working correctly. It MUST be called before any other cgi function.

See also:

cgi_end, cgi_process_form, cgi_init_headers

 

void cgi_init_headers ()

Initialize HTML headers.You need to call this function before that any content is send to the brosert, otherwise you'll get an error (Error 500).

See also:

cgi_init

 

char* cgi_param (const char * var_name)

Gets the of HTML or URL variable indicated by 'name'.Parameters:

name Form Variable name

See also:

cgi_param_multiple, cgi_process_form, cgi_init


 // ...
 char *contents;
 
 cgi_init();
 cgi_process_form();
 cgi_init_headers();
 
 contents = cgi_param('foo');
 
 puts(contents);
 
 // ...
 


 

char* cgi_param_multiple (const char * name)

Return all values with the same name sent by a form.Parameters:

name Form variable name

Returns:

Form variable contents

See also:

cgi_param

Example: For example, if in your HTML you have something like

 

 


 'What do you like??'

Computers : <input type='checkbox' name='like' value='computers'><br> Internet : <input type='checkbox' name='like' value='net'><br> games : <input type='checkbox' name='like' 'value='games''><br>
then, to retrieve all values, you can make a code like

// ... char *data; \ ... while ((data = cgi_param_multiple('like')) != NULL) puts(data); \ ...
 

formvars* cgi_process_form ()

Process HTML form or URL data.Used to retrieve GET or POST data. It handles automaticaly the correct REQUEST_METHOD, so you don't need to afraid about it.

Returns:

Returns the contents of URL or FORM into a formvars variable, or NULL if FALSE. Most of time, you don't need any variable to store the form data, because is used an internal variable to manipulate the contents.

See also:

cgi_init, cgi_init_headers

 

void cgi_redirect (char * url)

Recirects to the specified url.Remember that you cannot send any header before this function, or it will not work. Note:

 LibCGI does not implement RFC 2396 to make the lib simple and quick. You should be sure to pass a correct URI to this function. 

Parameters:

url url to redirect the browser


 cgi_redirect('http://wwww.linux.org');
 


 

void cgi_send_header (const char * header)

Sends a specific header.Sends a specific HTTP header. You won't need to add '\n\n' chars.

Parameters:

header HTTP header to send, without new line characteres

Returns:

True

See also:

cgi_init_headers

 

char* cgi_unescape_special_chars (char * str)

Transforms' URL special chars.Search for special chars ( like %E1 ) in str, converting them to the ascii character correspondent.

Parameters:

str String containing data to parse

Returns:

The new string

See also:

cgi_escape_special_chars


 

Index

NAME
Functions
Function Documentation
void cgi_end ()
char* cgi_escape_special_chars (char * str)
void cgi_fatal (const char * msg)
int cgi_include (const char * filename)
int cgi_init ()
void cgi_init_headers ()
char* cgi_param (const char * var_name)
char* cgi_param_multiple (const char * name)
formvars* cgi_process_form ()
void cgi_redirect (char * url)
void cgi_send_header (const char * header)
char* cgi_unescape_special_chars (char * str)

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:43:20 GMT, April 16, 2011