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coin_shaders

coin_shaders

Section: Coin (3) Updated: 10 May 2010
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coin_shaders - Shaders in Coin Coin 2.5 added support for shaders. The main nodes used are SoShaderProgram, SoVertexShader, SoFragmentShader, and SoGeometryShader. A typical scene graph with shaders will look something like this:

  Separator {
    ShaderProgram {
      shaderObject [
        VertexShader {
          sourceProgram 'myvertexshader.glsl'
          parameter [
            ShaderParameter1f { name 'myvertexparam' value 1.0 }
          ]
        }
        FragmentShader {
          sourceProgram 'myfragmentshader.glsl'
          parameter [
            ShaderParameter1f { name 'myfragmentparam' value 2.0 }
          ]
        }
      ]
    }
    Cube { }
  }

This will render the Cube with the vertex and fragment shaders specified in myvertexshader.glsl and myfragmentshader.glsl. Coin also supports ARB shaders and Cg shaders (if the Cg library is installed). However, we recommend using GLSL since we will focus mostly on support this shader language.

Coin defines some named parameters that can be added by the application programmer, and which will be automatically updated by Coin while traversing the scene graph.

coin_texunit[n]_model - Set to 0 when texturing is disabled, and to SoTextureImageElement::Model if there's a current texture on the state for unit n.

coin_light_model - Set to 1 for PHONG, 0 for BASE_COLOR lighting.

Example scene graph that renders per-fragment OpenGL Phong lighting for one light source. The shaders assume the first light source is a directional light. This is the case if you open the file in a standard examiner viewer.

The iv-file:

  Separator {
    ShaderProgram {
      shaderObject [
        VertexShader {
          sourceProgram 'perpixel_vertex.glsl'
        }
        FragmentShader {
          sourceProgram 'perpixel_fragment.glsl'
        }
      ]
    }
    Complexity { value 1.0 }
    Material { diffuseColor 1 0 0 specularColor 1 1 1 shininess 0.9 }
    Sphere { }

    Translation { translation 3 0 0 }
    Material { diffuseColor 0 1 0 specularColor 1 1 1 shininess 0.9 }
    Cone { }

    Translation { translation 3 0 0 }
    Material { diffuseColor 0.8 0.4 0.1 specularColor 1 1 1 shininess 0.9 }
    Cylinder { }
  }

The vertex shader (perpixel_vertex.glsl):

  varying vec3 ecPosition3;
  varying vec3 fragmentNormal;

  void main(void)
  {
    vec4 ecPosition = gl_ModelViewMatrix * gl_Vertex;
    ecPosition3 = ecPosition.xyz / ecPosition.w;
    fragmentNormal = normalize(gl_NormalMatrix * gl_Normal);

    gl_Position = ftransform();
    gl_FrontColor = gl_Color;
  }

The fragment shader (perpixel_fragment.glsl):

  varying vec3 ecPosition3;
  varying vec3 fragmentNormal;

  void DirectionalLight(in int i,
                        in vec3 normal,
                        inout vec4 ambient,
                        inout vec4 diffuse,
                        inout vec4 specular)
  {
    float nDotVP; // normal . light direction
    float nDotHV; // normal . light half vector
    float pf;     // power factor

    nDotVP = max(0.0, dot(normal, normalize(vec3(gl_LightSource[i].position))));
    nDotHV = max(0.0, dot(normal, vec3(gl_LightSource[i].halfVector)));

    if (nDotVP == 0.0)
      pf = 0.0;
    else
      pf = pow(nDotHV, gl_FrontMaterial.shininess);

    ambient += gl_LightSource[i].ambient;
    diffuse += gl_LightSource[i].diffuse * nDotVP;
    specular += gl_LightSource[i].specular * pf;
  }

  void main(void)
  {
    vec3 eye = -normalize(ecPosition3);
    vec4 ambient = vec4(0.0);
    vec4 diffuse = vec4(0.0);
    vec4 specular = vec4(0.0);
    vec3 color;

    DirectionalLight(0, normalize(fragmentNormal), ambient, diffuse, specular);

    color =
      gl_FrontLightModelProduct.sceneColor.rgb +
      ambient.rgb * gl_FrontMaterial.ambient.rgb +
      diffuse.rgb * gl_Color.rgb +
      specular.rgb * gl_FrontMaterial.specular.rgb;

    gl_FragColor = vec4(color, gl_Color.a);
  }


 


 

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This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:43:38 GMT, April 16, 2011