int comedi_apply_calibration (comedi_t *device, unsigned int subdevice, unsigned int channel, unsigned int range, unsigned int aref, const char *file_path);
This function sets the calibration of the specified subdevice so that it is in proper calibration when using the specified channel, range and aref. It does so by performing writes to the appropriate channels of the board's calibration subdevice(s). Depending on the hardware, the calibration settings used may or may not depend on the channel, range, or aref. Furthermore, the calibrations appropriate for different channel, range, and aref parameters may not be able to be applied simultaneously. For example, some boards cannot have their analog inputs calibrated for more than one input range simultaneously. Applying a calibration for range 1 may blow away a previously applied calibration for range 0. Or, applying a calibration for analog input channel 0 may cause the same calibration to be applied to all the other analog input channels as well. Your only guarantee is that calls to comedi_apply_calibration() on different subdevices will not interfere with each other.
In practice, their are some rules of thumb on how calibrations behave. No calibrations depend on the aref. A multiplexed analog input will have calibration settings that do not depend on the channel, and applying a setting for one channel will affect all channels equally. Analog outputs, and analog inputs with independent a/d converters for each input channel, will have calibrations settings which do depend on the channel, and the settings for each channel will be independent of the other channels.
If you wish to investigate exactly what comedi_apply_calibration() is doing, you can perform reads on your board's calibration subdevice to see which calibration channels it is changing. You can also try to decipher the calibration file directly (it's a text file).
The file_path parameter can be used to specify the file which contains the calibration information. If file_path is NULL, then comedilib will use a default file location. The calibration information used by this function is generated by the comedi_calibrate program (see its man page).
The functions comedi_parse_calibration_file(), comedi_apply_parsed_calibration(), and comedi_cleanup_calibration() provide the same functionality at a slightly lower level.
Zero on success, a negative number on failure.