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explain_connect

explain_connect

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

explain_connect - explain connect(2) errors  

SYNOPSIS

#include <libexplain/connect.h>

const char *explain_connect(int fildes, const struct sockaddr *serv_addr, int serv_addr_size);
const char *explain_errno_connect(int errnum, int fildes, const struct sockaddr *serv_addr, int serv_addr_size);
void explain_message_connect(char *message, int message_size, int fildes, const struct sockaddr *serv_addr, int serv_addr_size);
void explain_message_errno_connect(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, int fildes, const struct sockaddr *serv_addr, int serv_addr_size);  

DESCRIPTION

These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the connect(2) system call.  

explain_connect

const char *explain_connect(int fildes, const struct sockaddr *serv_addr, int serv_addr_size);

The explain_connect function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the connect(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (connect(fildes, serv_addr, serv_addr_size) < 0)
{
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_connect(fildes, serv_addr,
        serv_addr_size));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the connect(2) system call.
serv_addr
The original serv_addr, exactly as passed to the connect(2) system call.
serv_addr_size
The original serv_addr_size, exactly as passed to the connect(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_errno_connect

const char *explain_errno_connect(int errnum, int fildes, const struct sockaddr *serv_addr, int serv_addr_size);

The explain_errno_connect function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the connect(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (connect(fildes, serv_addr, serv_addr_size) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_connect(err,
        fildes, serv_addr, serv_addr_size));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the connect(2) system call.
serv_addr
The original serv_addr, exactly as passed to the connect(2) system call.
serv_addr_size
The original serv_addr_size, exactly as passed to the connect(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_message_connect

void explain_message_connect(char *message, int message_size, int fildes, const struct sockaddr *serv_addr, int serv_addr_size);

The explain_message_connect function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the connect(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (connect(fildes, serv_addr, serv_addr_size) < 0)
{
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_connect(message, sizeof(message),
        fildes, serv_addr, serv_addr_size);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the connect(2) system call.
serv_addr
The original serv_addr, exactly as passed to the connect(2) system call.
serv_addr_size
The original serv_addr_size, exactly as passed to the connect(2) system call.
 

explain_message_errno_connect

void explain_message_errno_connect(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, int fildes, const struct sockaddr *serv_addr, int serv_addr_size);

The explain_message_errno_connect function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the connect(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (connect(fildes, serv_addr, serv_addr_size) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_errno_connect(message, sizeof(message), err,
        fildes, serv_addr, serv_addr_size);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the connect(2) system call.
serv_addr
The original serv_addr, exactly as passed to the connect(2) system call.
serv_addr_size
The original serv_addr_size, exactly as passed to the connect(2) system call.
 

SEE ALSO

connect(2)
initiate a connection on a socket
explain_connect_or_die(3)
initiate a connection on a socket and report errors
 

COPYRIGHT

libexplain version 0.37
Copyright (C) 2008 Peter Miller


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
explain_connect
explain_errno_connect
explain_message_connect
explain_message_errno_connect
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:45:47 GMT, April 16, 2011