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explain_flock

explain_flock

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

explain_flock - explain flock(2) errors  

SYNOPSIS

#include <libexplain/flock.h>

const char *explain_flock(int fildes, int command);
const char *explain_errno_flock(int errnum, int fildes, int command);
void explain_message_flock(char *message, int message_size, int fildes, int command);
void explain_message_errno_flock(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, int fildes, int command);  

DESCRIPTION

These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the flock(2) system call.  

explain_flock

const char *explain_flock(int fildes, int command);

The explain_flock function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the flock(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the flock(2) system call.
command
The original command, exactly as passed to the flock(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (flock(fildes, command) < 0)
{
fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_flock(fildes, command));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_flock_or_die(3) function.  

explain_errno_flock

const char *explain_errno_flock(int errnum, int fildes, int command);

The explain_errno_flock function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the flock(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the flock(2) system call.
command
The original command, exactly as passed to the flock(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (flock(fildes, command) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_flock(err, fildes, command));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_flock_or_die(3) function.  

explain_message_flock

void explain_message_flock(char *message, int message_size, int fildes, int command);

The explain_message_flock function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the flock(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the flock(2) system call.
command
The original command, exactly as passed to the flock(2) system call.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (flock(fildes, command) < 0)
{
    char message[3000];
explain_message_flock(message, sizeof(message), fildes, command);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_flock_or_die(3) function.  

explain_message_errno_flock

void explain_message_errno_flock(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, int fildes, int command);

The explain_message_errno_flock function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the flock(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the flock(2) system call.
command
The original command, exactly as passed to the flock(2) system call.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (flock(fildes, command) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
    char message[3000];
explain_message_errno_flock(message, sizeof(message), err, fildes, command);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_flock_or_die(3) function.  

SEE ALSO

flock(2)
apply or remove an advisory lock on an open file
explain_flock_or_die(3)
apply or remove an advisory lock on an open file and report errors
 

COPYRIGHT

libexplain version 0.37
Copyright (C) 2009 Peter Miller


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
explain_flock
explain_errno_flock
explain_message_flock
explain_message_errno_flock
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:45:48 GMT, April 16, 2011