Poster of Linux kernelThe best gift for a Linux geek
explain_getaddrinfo

explain_getaddrinfo

Section: C Library Functions (3)
Local index Up
 

NAME

explain_getaddrinfo - explain getaddrinfo(3) errors  

SYNOPSIS

#include <libexplain/getaddrinfo.h>

const char *explain_errcode_getaddrinfo(int errnum, const char *node, const char *service, const struct addrinfo *hints, struct addrinfo **res);
void explain_message_errcode_getaddrinfo(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, const char *node, const char *service, const struct addrinfo *hints, struct addrinfo **res);  

DESCRIPTION

These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the getaddrinfo(3) system call.  

explain_errcode_getaddrinfo

const char *explain_errcode_getaddrinfo(int errnum, const char *node, const char *service, const struct addrinfo *hints, struct addrinfo **res);

The explain_errcode_getaddrinfo function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the getaddrinfo(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of gai_strerror(errcode), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

int errcode = getaddrinfo(node, service, hints, res);
if (errncode == GAI_SYSTEM)
    errcode = errno;
if (errcode)
{
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errcode_getaddrinfo(errcode,
        node, service, hints, res));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available as the explain_getaddrinfo_or_die(3) function.

errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
node
The original node, exactly as passed to the getaddrinfo(3) system call.
service
The original service, exactly as passed to the getaddrinfo(3) system call.
hints
The original hints, exactly as passed to the getaddrinfo(3) system call.
res
The original res, exactly as passed to the getaddrinfo(3) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_message_errno_getaddrinfo

void explain_message_errno_getaddrinfo(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, const char *node, const char *service, const struct addrinfo *hints, struct addrinfo **res);

The explain_message_errno_getaddrinfo function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the getaddrinfo(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

int errcode = getaddrinfo(node, service, hints, res);
if (errnode == EAI_SYSTEM)
    errcode = errno;
if (errcode)
{
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_errcode_getaddrinfo(message, sizeof(message),
        errcode, node, service, hints, res);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_getaddrinfo_or_die(3) function.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
node
The original node, exactly as passed to the getaddrinfo(3) system call.
service
The original service, exactly as passed to the getaddrinfo(3) system call.
hints
The original hints, exactly as passed to the getaddrinfo(3) system call.
res
The original res, exactly as passed to the getaddrinfo(3) system call.
 

SEE ALSO

getaddrinfo(3)
network address and
explain_getaddrinfo_or_die(3)
network address and and report errors
 

COPYRIGHT

libexplain version 0.37
Copyright (C) 2008 Peter Miller


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
explain_errcode_getaddrinfo
explain_message_errno_getaddrinfo
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:45:49 GMT, April 16, 2011