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explain_kill

explain_kill

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

explain_kill - explain kill(2) errors  

SYNOPSIS

#include <libexplain/kill.h>

const char *explain_kill(pid_t pid, int sig);
const char *explain_errno_kill(int errnum, pid_t pid, int sig);
void explain_message_kill(char *message, int message_size, pid_t pid, int sig);
void explain_message_errno_kill(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, pid_t pid, int sig);  

DESCRIPTION

These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the kill(2) system call.  

explain_kill

const char *explain_kill(pid_t pid, int sig);

The explain_kill function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the kill(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

pid
The original pid, exactly as passed to the kill(2) system call.
sig
The original sig, exactly as passed to the kill(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (kill(pid, sig) < 0)
{
fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_kill(pid, sig));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_kill_or_die(3) function.  

explain_errno_kill

const char *explain_errno_kill(int errnum, pid_t pid, int sig);

The explain_errno_kill function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the kill(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
pid
The original pid, exactly as passed to the kill(2) system call.
sig
The original sig, exactly as passed to the kill(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (kill(pid, sig) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_kill(err, pid, sig));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_kill_or_die(3) function.  

explain_message_kill

void explain_message_kill(char *message, int message_size, pid_t pid, int sig);

The explain_message_kill function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the kill(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
pid
The original pid, exactly as passed to the kill(2) system call.
sig
The original sig, exactly as passed to the kill(2) system call.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (kill(pid, sig) < 0)
{
    char message[3000];
explain_message_kill(message, sizeof(message), pid, sig);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_kill_or_die(3) function.  

explain_message_errno_kill

void explain_message_errno_kill(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, pid_t pid, int sig);

The explain_message_errno_kill function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the kill(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
pid
The original pid, exactly as passed to the kill(2) system call.
sig
The original sig, exactly as passed to the kill(2) system call.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (kill(pid, sig) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
    char message[3000];
explain_message_errno_kill(message, sizeof(message), err, pid, sig);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_kill_or_die(3) function.  

SEE ALSO

kill(2)
send signal to a process
explain_kill_or_die(3)
send signal to a process and report errors
 

COPYRIGHT

libexplain version 0.37
Copyright (C) 2009 Peter Miller


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
explain_kill
explain_errno_kill
explain_message_kill
explain_message_errno_kill
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:45:49 GMT, April 16, 2011