Poster of Linux kernelThe best gift for a Linux geek
explain_listen

explain_listen

Section: C Library Functions (3)
Local index Up
 

NAME

explain_listen - explain listen(2) errors  

SYNOPSIS

#include <libexplain/listen.h>

const char *explain_listen(int fildes, int backlog);
const char *explain_errno_listen(int errnum, int fildes, int backlog);
void explain_message_listen(char *message, int message_size, int fildes, int backlog);
void explain_message_errno_listen(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, int fildes, int backlog);  

DESCRIPTION

These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the listen(2) system call.  

explain_listen

const char *explain_listen(int fildes, int backlog);

The explain_listen function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the listen(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (listen(fildes, backlog) < 0)
{
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_listen(fildes, backlog));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_listen_or_die(3) function.

fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call.
backlog
The original backlog, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_errno_listen

const char *explain_errno_listen(int errnum, int fildes, int backlog);

The explain_errno_listen function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the listen(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (listen(fildes, backlog) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_listen(err, fildes, backlog));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_listen_or_die(3) function.

errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call.
backlog
The original backlog, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_message_listen

void explain_message_listen(char *message, int message_size, int fildes, int backlog);

The explain_message_listen function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the listen(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (listen(fildes, backlog) < 0)
{
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_listen(message, sizeof(message), fildes, backlog);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_listen_or_die(3) function.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call.
backlog
The original backlog, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call.
 

explain_message_errno_listen

void explain_message_errno_listen(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, int fildes, int backlog);

The explain_message_errno_listen function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the listen(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (listen(fildes, backlog) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_errno_listen(message, sizeof(message), err,
        fildes, backlog);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_listen_or_die(3) function.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call.
backlog
The original backlog, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call.
 

SEE ALSO

listen(2)
listen for connections on a socket
explain_listen_or_die(3)
listen for connections on a socket and report errors
 

COPYRIGHT

libexplain version 0.37
Copyright (C) 2008 Peter Miller


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
explain_listen
explain_errno_listen
explain_message_listen
explain_message_errno_listen
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:45:49 GMT, April 16, 2011