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explain_popen

explain_popen

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

explain_popen - explain popen(3) errors  

SYNOPSIS

#include <libexplain/popen.h>

const char *explain_popen(const char *command, const char *flags);
const char *explain_errno_popen(int errnum, const char *command, const char *flags);
void explain_message_popen(char *message, int message_size, const char *command, const char *flags);
void explain_message_errno_popen(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, const char *command, const char *flags);  

DESCRIPTION

These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the popen(3) system call.  

explain_popen

const char *explain_popen(const char *command, const char *flags);

The explain_popen function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the popen(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

FILE *fp = popen(command, flags);
if (!fp)
{
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_popen(command, flags));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_popen_or_die(3) function.

command
The original command, exactly as passed to the popen(3) system call.
flags
The original flags, exactly as passed to the popen(3) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_errno_popen

const char *explain_errno_popen(int errnum, const char *command, const char *flags);

The explain_errno_popen function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the popen(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

FILE *fp = popen(command, flags);
if (!fp)
{
    int err = errno;
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_popen(err, command, flags));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_popen_or_die(3) function.

errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
command
The original command, exactly as passed to the popen(3) system call.
flags
The original flags, exactly as passed to the popen(3) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_message_popen

void explain_message_popen(char *message, int message_size, const char *command, const char *flags);

The explain_message_popen function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the popen(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

FILE *fp = popen(command, flags);
if (!fp)
{
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_popen(message, sizeof(message), command, flags);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_popen_or_die(3) function.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
command
The original command, exactly as passed to the popen(3) system call.
flags
The original flags, exactly as passed to the popen(3) system call.
 

explain_message_errno_popen

void explain_message_errno_popen(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, const char *command, const char *flags);

The explain_message_errno_popen function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the popen(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

FILE *fp = popen(command, flags);
if (!fp)
{
    int err = errno;
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_errno_popen(message, sizeof(message),
        err, command, flags);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_popen_or_die(3) function.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
command
The original command, exactly as passed to the popen(3) system call.
flags
The original flags, exactly as passed to the popen(3) system call.
 

SEE ALSO

popen(3)
process I/O
explain_popen_or_die(3)
process I/O and report errors
 

COPYRIGHT

libexplain version 0.37
Copyright (C) 2009 Peter Miller


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
explain_popen
explain_errno_popen
explain_message_popen
explain_message_errno_popen
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:45:50 GMT, April 16, 2011