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explain_realloc

explain_realloc

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

explain_realloc - explain realloc(3) errors  

SYNOPSIS

#include <libexplain/realloc.h>

const char *explain_realloc(void *ptr, size_t size);
const char *explain_errno_realloc(int errnum, void *ptr, size_t size);
void explain_message_realloc(char *message, int message_size, void *ptr, size_t size);
void explain_message_errno_realloc(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, void *ptr, size_t size);  

DESCRIPTION

These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the realloc(3) system call.  

explain_realloc

const char *explain_realloc(void *ptr, size_t size);

The explain_realloc function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the realloc(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

void *new_ptr = realloc(ptr, size);
if (!new_ptr)
{
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_realloc(ptr, size));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_realloc_or_die(3) function.

ptr
The original ptr, exactly as passed to the realloc(3) system call.
size
The original size, exactly as passed to the realloc(3) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_errno_realloc

const char *explain_errno_realloc(int errnum, void *ptr, size_t size);

The explain_errno_realloc function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the realloc(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

void *new_ptr = realloc(ptr, size);
if (!new_ptr)
{
    int err = errno;
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_realloc(err, ptr, size));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_realloc_or_die(3) function.

errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
ptr
The original ptr, exactly as passed to the realloc(3) system call.
size
The original size, exactly as passed to the realloc(3) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_message_realloc

void explain_message_realloc(char *message, int message_size, void *ptr, size_t size);

The explain_message_realloc function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the realloc(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

void *new_ptr = realloc(ptr, size);
if (!new_ptr)
{
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_realloc(message, sizeof(message), ptr, size);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_realloc_or_die(3) function.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
ptr
The original ptr, exactly as passed to the realloc(3) system call.
size
The original size, exactly as passed to the realloc(3) system call.
 

explain_message_errno_realloc

void explain_message_errno_realloc(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, void *ptr, size_t size);

The explain_message_errno_realloc function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the realloc(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

void *new_ptr = realloc(ptr, size);
if (!new_ptr)
{
    int err = errno;
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_errno_realloc(message, sizeof(message), err, ptr, size);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_realloc_or_die(3) function.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
ptr
The original ptr, exactly as passed to the realloc(3) system call.
size
The original size, exactly as passed to the realloc(3) system call.
 

SEE ALSO

realloc(3)
Allocate and free dynamic memory
explain_realloc_or_die(3)
Allocate and free dynamic memory and report errors
 

COPYRIGHT

libexplain version 0.37
Copyright (C) 2009 Peter Miller


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
explain_realloc
explain_errno_realloc
explain_message_realloc
explain_message_errno_realloc
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:45:51 GMT, April 16, 2011