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explain_setenv

explain_setenv

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

explain_setenv - explain setenv(3) errors  

SYNOPSIS

#include <libexplain/setenv.h>

const char *explain_setenv(const char *name, const char *value, int overwrite);
const char *explain_errno_setenv(int errnum, const char *name, const char *value, int overwrite);
void explain_message_setenv(char *message, int message_size, const char *name, const char *value, int overwrite);
void explain_message_errno_setenv(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, const char *name, const char *value, int overwrite);  

DESCRIPTION

These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the setenv(3) system call.  

explain_setenv

const char *explain_setenv(const char *name, const char *value, int overwrite);

The explain_setenv function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the setenv(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

name
The original name, exactly as passed to the setenv(3) system call.
value
The original value, exactly as passed to the setenv(3) system call.
overwrite
The original overwrite, exactly as passed to the setenv(3) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (setenv(name, value, overwrite) < 0)
{
fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_setenv(name, value, overwrite));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_setenv_or_die(3) function.  

explain_errno_setenv

const char *explain_errno_setenv(int errnum, const char *name, const char *value, int overwrite);

The explain_errno_setenv function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the setenv(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
name
The original name, exactly as passed to the setenv(3) system call.
value
The original value, exactly as passed to the setenv(3) system call.
overwrite
The original overwrite, exactly as passed to the setenv(3) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (setenv(name, value, overwrite) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_setenv(err, name, value, overwrite));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_setenv_or_die(3) function.  

explain_message_setenv

void explain_message_setenv(char *message, int message_size, const char *name, const char *value, int overwrite);

The explain_message_setenv function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the setenv(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
name
The original name, exactly as passed to the setenv(3) system call.
value
The original value, exactly as passed to the setenv(3) system call.
overwrite
The original overwrite, exactly as passed to the setenv(3) system call.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (setenv(name, value, overwrite) < 0)
{
    char message[3000];
explain_message_setenv(message, sizeof(message), name, value, overwrite);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_setenv_or_die(3) function.  

explain_message_errno_setenv

void explain_message_errno_setenv(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, const char *name, const char *value, int overwrite);

The explain_message_errno_setenv function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the setenv(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
name
The original name, exactly as passed to the setenv(3) system call.
value
The original value, exactly as passed to the setenv(3) system call.
overwrite
The original overwrite, exactly as passed to the setenv(3) system call.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (setenv(name, value, overwrite) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
    char message[3000];
explain_message_errno_setenv(message, sizeof(message), err, name, value, overwrite);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_setenv_or_die(3) function.  

SEE ALSO

setenv(3)
change or add an environment variable
explain_setenv_or_die(3)
change or add an environment variable and report errors
 

COPYRIGHT

libexplain version 0.37
Copyright (C) 2010 Peter Miller


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
explain_setenv
explain_errno_setenv
explain_message_setenv
explain_message_errno_setenv
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:45:51 GMT, April 16, 2011