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explain_setsockopt

explain_setsockopt

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

explain_setsockopt - explain setsockopt(2) errors  

SYNOPSIS

#include <libexplain/setsockopt.h>

const char *explain_setsockopt(int fildes, int level, int name, void *data, socklen_t data_size);
const char *explain_errno_setsockopt(int errnum, int fildes, int level, int name, void *data, socklen_t data_size);
void explain_message_setsockopt(char *message, int message_size, int fildes, int level, int name, void *data, socklen_t data_size);
void explain_message_errno_setsockopt(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, int fildes, int level, int name, void *data, socklen_t data_size);  

DESCRIPTION

These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the setsockopt(2) system call.  

explain_setsockopt

const char *explain_setsockopt(int fildes, int level, int name, void *data, socklen_t data_size);

The explain_setsockopt function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the setsockopt(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (setsockopt(fildes, level, name, data, data_size) < 0)
{
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_setsockopt(fildes,
        level, name, data, data_size));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_setsockopt_or_die(3) function.

fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
level
The original level, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
name
The original name, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
data
The original data, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
data_size
The original data_size, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_errno_setsockopt

const char *explain_errno_setsockopt(int errnum, int fildes, int level, int name, void *data, socklen_t data_size);

The explain_errno_setsockopt function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the setsockopt(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (setsockopt(fildes, level, name, data, data_size) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_setsockopt(err,
        fildes, level, name, data, data_size));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_setsockopt_or_die(3) function.

errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
level
The original level, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
name
The original name, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
data
The original data, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
data_size
The original data_size, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_message_setsockopt

void explain_message_setsockopt(char *message, int message_size, int fildes, int level, int name, void *data, socklen_t data_size);

The explain_message_setsockopt function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the setsockopt(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (setsockopt(fildes, level, name, data, data_size) < 0)
{
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_setsockopt(message, sizeof(message),
        fildes, level, name, data, data_size);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_setsockopt_or_die(3) function.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
level
The original level, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
name
The original name, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
data
The original data, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
data_size
The original data_size, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
 

explain_message_errno_setsockopt

void explain_message_errno_setsockopt(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, int fildes, int level, int name, void *data, socklen_t data_size);

The explain_message_errno_setsockopt function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the setsockopt(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (setsockopt(fildes, level, name, data, data_size) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_errno_setsockopt(message, sizeof(message),
        err, fildes, level, name, data, data_size);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_setsockopt_or_die(3) function.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
fildes
The original fildes, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
level
The original level, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
name
The original name, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
data
The original data, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
data_size
The original data_size, exactly as passed to the setsockopt(2) system call.
 

SEE ALSO

setsockopt(2)
get and set options on sockets
explain_setsockopt_or_die(3)
get and set options on sockets and report errors
 

COPYRIGHT

libexplain version 0.37
Copyright (C) 2009 Peter Miller


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
explain_setsockopt
explain_errno_setsockopt
explain_message_setsockopt
explain_message_errno_setsockopt
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:45:52 GMT, April 16, 2011