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explain_socket

explain_socket

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

explain_socket - explain socket(2) errors  

SYNOPSIS

#include <libexplain/socket.h>

const char *explain_socket(int domain, int type, int protocol);
const char *explain_errno_socket(int errnum, int domain, int type, int protocol);
void explain_message_socket(char *message, int message_size, int domain, int type, int protocol);
void explain_message_errno_socket(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, int domain, int type, int protocol);  

DESCRIPTION

These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the socket(2) system call.  

explain_socket

const char *explain_socket(int domain, int type, int protocol);

The explain_socket function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the socket(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (socket(domain, type, protocol) < 0)
{
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_socket(domain, type, protocol));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
domain
The original domain, exactly as passed to the socket(2) system call.
type
The original type, exactly as passed to the socket(2) system call.
protocol
The original protocol, exactly as passed to the socket(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_errno_socket

const char *explain_errno_socket(int errnum, int domain, int type, int protocol);

The explain_errno_socket function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the socket(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (socket(domain, type, protocol) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_socket(err,
        domain, type, protocol));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
domain
The original domain, exactly as passed to the socket(2) system call.
type
The original type, exactly as passed to the socket(2) system call.
protocol
The original protocol, exactly as passed to the socket(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.  

explain_message_socket

void explain_message_socket(char *message, int message_size, int domain, int type, int protocol);

The explain_message_socket function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the socket(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (socket(domain, type, protocol) < 0)
{
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_socket(message, sizeof(message), domain, type, protocol);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
domain
The original domain, exactly as passed to the socket(2) system call.
type
The original type, exactly as passed to the socket(2) system call.
protocol
The original protocol, exactly as passed to the socket(2) system call.
 

explain_message_errno_socket

void explain_message_errno_socket(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, int domain, int type, int protocol);

The explain_message_errno_socket function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the socket(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (socket(domain, type, protocol) < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
    char message[3000];
    explain_message_errno_socket(message, sizeof(message), err,
        domain, type, protocol);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
domain
The original domain, exactly as passed to the socket(2) system call.
type
The original type, exactly as passed to the socket(2) system call.
protocol
The original protocol, exactly as passed to the socket(2) system call.
 

SEE ALSO

socket(2)
create an endpoint for communication
explain_socket_or_die(3)
create an endpoint for communication and report errors
 

COPYRIGHT

libexplain version 0.37
Copyright (C) 2008 Peter Miller


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
explain_socket
explain_errno_socket
explain_message_socket
explain_message_errno_socket
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:45:52 GMT, April 16, 2011