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explain_strtoll

explain_strtoll

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

explain_strtoll - explain strtoll(3) errors  

SYNOPSIS

#include <libexplain/strtoll.h>

const char *explain_strtoll(const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base);
const char *explain_errno_strtoll(int errnum, const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base);
void explain_message_strtoll(char *message, int message_size, const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base);
void explain_message_errno_strtoll(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base);  

DESCRIPTION

These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the strtoll(3) system call.  

explain_strtoll

const char *explain_strtoll(const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base);

The explain_strtoll function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the strtoll(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

nptr
The original nptr, exactly as passed to the strtoll(3) system call.
endptr
The original endptr, exactly as passed to the strtoll(3) system call.
base
The original base, exactly as passed to the strtoll(3) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

long long result = strtoll(nptr, endptr, base);
if (result < 0)
{
fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_strtoll(nptr, endptr, base));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_strtoll_or_die(3) function.  

explain_errno_strtoll

const char *explain_errno_strtoll(int errnum, const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base);

The explain_errno_strtoll function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the strtoll(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
nptr
The original nptr, exactly as passed to the strtoll(3) system call.
endptr
The original endptr, exactly as passed to the strtoll(3) system call.
base
The original base, exactly as passed to the strtoll(3) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

long long result = strtoll(nptr, endptr, base);
if (result < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_strtoll(err, nptr, endptr, base));
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_strtoll_or_die(3) function.  

explain_message_strtoll

void explain_message_strtoll(char *message, int message_size, const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base);

The explain_message_strtoll function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the strtoll(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
nptr
The original nptr, exactly as passed to the strtoll(3) system call.
endptr
The original endptr, exactly as passed to the strtoll(3) system call.
base
The original base, exactly as passed to the strtoll(3) system call.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

long long result = strtoll(nptr, endptr, base);
if (result < 0)
{
    char message[3000];
explain_message_strtoll(message, sizeof(message), nptr, endptr, base);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_strtoll_or_die(3) function.  

explain_message_errno_strtoll

void explain_message_errno_strtoll(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base);

The explain_message_errno_strtoll function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the strtoll(3) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
nptr
The original nptr, exactly as passed to the strtoll(3) system call.
endptr
The original endptr, exactly as passed to the strtoll(3) system call.
base
The original base, exactly as passed to the strtoll(3) system call.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

long long result = strtoll(nptr, endptr, base);
if (result < 0)
{
    int err = errno;
    char message[3000];
explain_message_errno_strtoll(message, sizeof(message), err, nptr, endptr, base);
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_strtoll_or_die(3) function.  

SEE ALSO

strtoll(3)
convert a string to a long integer
explain_strtoll_or_die(3)
convert a string to a long integer and report errors
 

COPYRIGHT

libexplain version 0.37
Copyright (C) 2009 Peter Miller


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
explain_strtoll
explain_errno_strtoll
explain_message_strtoll
explain_message_errno_strtoll
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:45:52 GMT, April 16, 2011