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CPU binding

CPU binding

Section: Hardware Locality (hwloc) (3) Updated: Thu Apr 14 2011
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NAME

CPU binding -  

Enumerations


enum hwloc_cpubind_flags_t { HWLOC_CPUBIND_PROCESS, HWLOC_CPUBIND_THREAD, HWLOC_CPUBIND_STRICT, HWLOC_CPUBIND_NOMEMBIND }
 

Functions


int hwloc_set_cpubind (hwloc_topology_t topology, hwloc_const_cpuset_t set, int flags)

int hwloc_get_cpubind (hwloc_topology_t topology, hwloc_cpuset_t set, int flags)

int hwloc_set_proc_cpubind (hwloc_topology_t topology, hwloc_pid_t pid, hwloc_const_cpuset_t set, int flags)

int hwloc_get_proc_cpubind (hwloc_topology_t topology, hwloc_pid_t pid, hwloc_cpuset_t set, int flags)

int hwloc_set_thread_cpubind (hwloc_topology_t topology, hwloc_thread_t tid, hwloc_const_cpuset_t set, int flags)

int hwloc_get_thread_cpubind (hwloc_topology_t topology, hwloc_thread_t tid, hwloc_cpuset_t set, int flags)

int hwloc_get_last_cpu_location (hwloc_topology_t topology, hwloc_cpuset_t set, int flags)

int hwloc_get_proc_last_cpu_location (hwloc_topology_t topology, hwloc_pid_t pid, hwloc_cpuset_t set, int flags)
 

Detailed Description

It is often useful to call hwloc_bitmap_singlify() first so that a single CPU remains in the set. This way, the process will not even migrate between different CPUs. Some operating systems also only support that kind of binding.

Note:

Some operating systems do not provide all hwloc-supported mechanisms to bind processes, threads, etc. and the corresponding binding functions may fail. -1 is returned and errno is set to ENOSYS when it is not possible to bind the requested kind of object processes/threads. errno is set to EXDEV when the requested cpuset can not be enforced (e.g. some systems only allow one CPU, and some other systems only allow one NUMA node).

The most portable version that should be preferred over the others, whenever possible, is

 hwloc_set_cpubind(topology, set, 0),

as it just binds the current program, assuming it is single-threaded, or

 hwloc_set_cpubind(topology, set, HWLOC_CPUBIND_THREAD),

which binds the current thread of the current program (which may be multithreaded).

Note:

To unbind, just call the binding function with either a full cpuset or a cpuset equal to the system cpuset.

On some operating systems, CPU binding may have effects on memory binding, see HWLOC_CPUBIND_NOMEMBIND

 

Enumeration Type Documentation

 

enum hwloc_cpubind_flags_t

Process/Thread binding flags. These bit flags can be used to refine the binding policy.

The default (0) is to bind the current process, assumed to be single-threaded, in a non-strict way. This is the most portable way to bind as all operating systems usually provide it.

Note:

Not all systems support all kinds of binding. See the 'Detailed Description' section of CPU binding for a description of errors that can occur.

Enumerator:

HWLOC_CPUBIND_PROCESS
Bind all threads of the current (possibly) multithreaded process.
HWLOC_CPUBIND_THREAD
Bind current thread of current process.
HWLOC_CPUBIND_STRICT
Request for strict binding from the OS. By default, when the designated CPUs are all busy while other CPUs are idle, operating systems may execute the thread/process on those other CPUs instead of the designated CPUs, to let them progress anyway. Strict binding means that the thread/process will _never_ execute on other cpus than the designated CPUs, even when those are busy with other tasks and other CPUs are idle.

Note:

Depending on the operating system, strict binding may not be possible (e.g., the OS does not implement it) or not allowed (e.g., for an administrative reasons), and the function will fail in that case.

When retrieving the binding of a process, this flag checks whether all its threads actually have the same binding. If the flag is not given, the binding of each thread will be accumulated.

Note:

This flag is meaningless when retrieving the binding of a thread.

HWLOC_CPUBIND_NOMEMBIND
Avoid any effect on memory binding. On some operating systems, some CPU binding function would also bind the memory on the corresponding NUMA node. It is often not a problem for the application, but if it is, setting this flag will make hwloc avoid using OS functions that would also bind memory. This will however reduce the support of CPU bindings, i.e. potentially return -1 with errno set to ENOSYS in some cases.
 

Function Documentation

 

int hwloc_get_cpubind (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_cpuset_tset, intflags)

Get current process or thread binding.  

int hwloc_get_last_cpu_location (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_cpuset_tset, intflags)

Get the last CPU where the current process or thread ran. The operating system may move some tasks from one processor to another at any time according to their binding, so this function may return something that is already outdated.  

int hwloc_get_proc_cpubind (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_pid_tpid, hwloc_cpuset_tset, intflags)

Get the current binding of process pid. Note:

hwloc_pid_t is pid_t on unix platforms, and HANDLE on native Windows platforms

HWLOC_CPUBIND_THREAD can not be used in flags.

 

int hwloc_get_proc_last_cpu_location (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_pid_tpid, hwloc_cpuset_tset, intflags)

Get the last CPU where a process ran. The operating system may move some tasks from one processor to another at any time according to their binding, so this function may return something that is already outdated.

Note:

HWLOC_CPUBIND_THREAD can not be used in flags.

 

int hwloc_get_thread_cpubind (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_thread_ttid, hwloc_cpuset_tset, intflags)

Get the current binding of thread tid. Note:

hwloc_thread_t is pthread_t on unix platforms, and HANDLE on native Windows platforms

HWLOC_CPUBIND_PROCESS can not be used in flags.

 

int hwloc_set_cpubind (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_const_cpuset_tset, intflags)

Bind current process or thread on cpus given in bitmap set. Returns:

-1 with errno set to ENOSYS if the action is not supported

-1 with errno set to EXDEV if the binding cannot be enforced

 

int hwloc_set_proc_cpubind (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_pid_tpid, hwloc_const_cpuset_tset, intflags)

Bind a process pid on cpus given in bitmap set. Note:

hwloc_pid_t is pid_t on unix platforms, and HANDLE on native Windows platforms

HWLOC_CPUBIND_THREAD can not be used in flags.

 

int hwloc_set_thread_cpubind (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_thread_ttid, hwloc_const_cpuset_tset, intflags)

Bind a thread tid on cpus given in bitmap set. Note:

hwloc_thread_t is pthread_t on unix platforms, and HANDLE on native Windows platforms

HWLOC_CPUBIND_PROCESS can not be used in flags.

 

Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for Hardware Locality (hwloc) from the source code.


 

Index

NAME
Enumerations
Functions
Detailed Description
Enumeration Type Documentation
enum hwloc_cpubind_flags_t
Function Documentation
int hwloc_get_cpubind (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_cpuset_tset, intflags)
int hwloc_get_last_cpu_location (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_cpuset_tset, intflags)
int hwloc_get_proc_cpubind (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_pid_tpid, hwloc_cpuset_tset, intflags)
int hwloc_get_proc_last_cpu_location (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_pid_tpid, hwloc_cpuset_tset, intflags)
int hwloc_get_thread_cpubind (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_thread_ttid, hwloc_cpuset_tset, intflags)
int hwloc_set_cpubind (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_const_cpuset_tset, intflags)
int hwloc_set_proc_cpubind (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_pid_tpid, hwloc_const_cpuset_tset, intflags)
int hwloc_set_thread_cpubind (hwloc_topology_ttopology, hwloc_thread_ttid, hwloc_const_cpuset_tset, intflags)
Author

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 07:56:37 GMT, June 15, 2011