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IPSEC_KEYBLOBTOID

IPSEC_KEYBLOBTOID

Section: 25 March 2002 (3) Updated: 11/14/2008
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NAME

ipsec_keyblobtoid, ipsec_splitkeytoid - generate key IDs from RSA keys  

SYNOPSIS

#include <freeswan.h>

size_t keyblobtoid(const unsigned char * blob, size_t bloblen, char * dst, size_t dstlen);


size_t splitkeytoid(const unsigned char * e, size_t elen, const unsigned char * m, size_t mlen, char * dst, size_t dstlen);
 

DESCRIPTION

Keyblobtoid

and splitkeytoid generate key IDs from RSA keys, for use in messages and reporting, writing the result to dst. A key ID is a short ASCII string identifying a key; currently it is just the first nine characters of the base64 encoding of the RFC 2537/3110 "byte blob" representation of the key. (Beware that no finite key ID can be collision-proof: there is always some small chance of two random keys having the same ID.)

Keyblobtoid generates a key ID from a key which is already in the form of an RFC 2537/3110 binary key blob (encoded exponent length, exponent, modulus).

Splitkeytoid generates a key ID from a key given in the form of a separate (binary) exponent e and modulus m.

The dstlen parameter of either specifies the size of the dst parameter; under no circumstances are more than dstlen bytes written to dst. A result which will not fit is truncated. Dstlen can be zero, in which case dst need not be valid and no result is written, but the return value is unaffected; in all other cases, the (possibly truncated) result is NUL-terminated. The freeswan.h header file defines a constant KEYID_BUF which is the size of a buffer large enough for worst-case results.

Both functions return 0 for a failure, and otherwise always return the size of buffer which would be needed to accommodate the full conversion result, including terminating NUL; it is the caller's responsibility to check this against the size of the provided buffer to determine whether truncation has occurred.

With keys generated by ipsec_rsasigkey(3), the first two base64 digits are always the same, and the third carries only about one bit of information. It's worse with keys using longer fixed exponents, e.g. the 24-bit exponent that's common in X.509 certificates. However, being able to relate key IDs to the full base64 text form of keys by eye is sufficiently useful that this waste of space seems justifiable. The choice of nine digits is a compromise between bulk and probability of collision.  

SEE ALSO

RFC 3110, RSA/SHA-1 SIGs and RSA KEYs in the Domain Name System (DNS), Eastlake, 2001 (superseding the older but better-known RFC 2537).  

DIAGNOSTICS

Fatal errors are: key too short to supply enough bits to construct a complete key ID (almost certainly indicating a garbage key); exponent too long for its length to be representable.  

HISTORY

Written for the FreeS/WAN project by Henry Spencer.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
DIAGNOSTICS
HISTORY

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:48:38 GMT, April 16, 2011