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lfc_python

lfc_python

Section: Python Reference (3) Updated: $Date: 2010-02-04 13:08:39 +0100 (Thu, 04 Feb 2010) $
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NAME

lfc - Python interface to the LFC
lfcthr - Thread enabled version of Python interface to the LFC  

SYNOPSIS

import lfc


import lfcthr
lfcthr.init()

 

DESCRIPTION

The lfc module permits you to access the LFC client interface from python programs. The lfc module is a swig wrapping of the standard C interface. For detailed descriptions of each function see the individual man page of each function.

The lfcthr module is a version of the lfc module supporting multi-threaded Python clients. Its usage is similar to the usage of the lfc module except the obligatory initialisation call lfcthr.init() in the main program before threads are started.
  There follows a series of examples of how to use selected functions and how to retrieve the information returned by them: Examples are finding the GUID of an existing entry, listing the replicas of a given GUID and setting and retrieving the comment associated with an entry.  

EXAMPLE

#!/usr/bin/python

import sys
import lfc

"""
# stat an existing entry in the LFC and print the GUID
"""

name = "/grid/dteam/my.test"

stat = lfc.lfc_filestatg()
res = lfc.lfc_statg(name,"",stat)

if res == 0:
   guid = stat.guid
   print "The GUID for " + name + " is " + guid
else:
   err_num = lfc.cvar.serrno
   err_string = lfc.sstrerror(err_num)
   print "There was an error while looking for " + name + ": Error " + str(err_num) \
                + " (" + err_string + ")"
   sys.exit(1)
 

EXAMPLE

#!/usr/bin/python

import lfc

"""
# list the replicas of a given entry, starting from the GUID
"""

guid = "6a3164e0-a4d7-4abe-9f76-e3b8882735d1"

listp = lfc.lfc_list()
flag = lfc.CNS_LIST_BEGIN

print "Listing replicas for GUID " + guid

num_replicas=0

while(1):
   res = lfc.lfc_listreplica("",guid,flag,listp)
   flag = lfc.CNS_LIST_CONTINUE

   if res == None:
      break
   else:
      rep_name = res.sfn
      print "Replica: " + rep_name
      num_replicas = num_replicas + 1

lfc.lfc_listreplica("",guid,lfc.CNS_LIST_END,listp)
print "Found " + str(num_replicas) + " replica(s)"
 

EXAMPLE

#!/usr/bin/python

import sys
import lfc
import re

"""
# setting and retrieving a comment on a file
"""

file = "/grid/dteam/my.test"

comment = "MyComment"
res = lfc.lfc_setcomment(file,comment)

if res != 0:
   err_num = lfc.cvar.serrno
   err_string = lfc.sstrerror(err_num)
   print "Problem while setting comment for " + file + ": Error " + str(err_num) \
                + " (" + err_string + ")"
   sys.exit(1)

buffer=""
for i in range(0,lfc.CA_MAXCOMMENTLEN+1):
  buffer=buffer + " "
  
res = lfc.lfc_getcomment(file,buffer)

if res != 0:
   err_num = lfc.cvar.serrno
   err_string = lfc.sstrerror(err_num)
   print "Problem while reading the comment for " + file + ": Error " + str(err_num) \
                + " (" + err_string + ")"
   sys.exit(1)

r = re.compile("(.*?) ", re.DOTALL)
comment = r.findall(buffer)[0]

print "Read back comment " + comment

 

EXAMPLE

#!/usr/bin/python

"""
# Using the lfc_readdirxr method
"""

import sys
import lfc

name = "/grid/dteam/my.test"

dir = lfc.lfc_opendirg(name,"")
if (dir == None) or (dir == 0):
        err_num = lfc.cvar.serrno
        err_string = lfc.sstrerror(err_num)
        print "Error while looking for " + name + ": Error " + str(err_num) \
                        + " (" + err_string + ")"
        sys.exit(1)

while 1:
        read_pt = lfc.lfc_readdirxr(dir,"")
        if (read_pt == None) or (read_pt == 0):
                break
        entry, list = read_pt
        print entry.d_name
        try:
                for i in range(len(list)):
                        print " ==> %s" % list[i].sfn
        except TypeError, x:
                print " ==> None"

lfc.lfc_closedir(dir)

 

EXAMPLE

#!/usr/bin/python

import lfc

"""
# Using the lfc_getlinks method
"""

result, list = lfc.lfc_getlinks("/grid/dteam/antotests/extratests/dir2/f105", "")
print result
print len(list)
if (result == 0):
        for i in list:
                print i.path

 

EXAMPLE

#!/usr/bin/python

import lfc

"""
# Using the lfc_getreplica method
"""

result, list = lfc.lfc_getreplica("/grid/dteam/antotests/extratests/dir2/f105", "", "")
print result
print len(list)
if (result == 0):
        for i in list:
                print i.host
                print i.sfn

 

EXAMPLE

#!/usr/bin/python

import lfc

"""
# Using the lfc_getacl and lfc_setacl methods to add a user ACL
"""

nentries, acls_list = lfc.lfc_getacl("/grid/dteam/tests_sophie3", lfc.CA_MAXACLENTRIES)

print nentries
print len(acls_list)

for i in acls_list:
        print i.a_type
        print i.a_id
        print i.a_perm

# When adding a first ACL for a given user, you also need to add the mask
# When adding the second user ACL, it is not necessary anymore

acl_user = lfc.lfc_acl()
acl_mask = lfc.lfc_acl()

acl_user.a_type=2               # 2 corresponds to CNS_ACL_USER
acl_user.a_id=18701             # user id
acl_user.a_perm=5

acl_mask.a_type=5               # 5 corresponds to CNS_ACL_MASK
acl_mask.a_id=0                 # no user id specified
acl_mask.a_perm=5

acls_list.append(acl_user)
acls_list.append(acl_mask)

res = lfc.lfc_setacl("/grid/dteam/tests_sophie3", acls_list)

if res == 0:
        print "OK"
else:
        err_num = lfc.cvar.serrno
        err_string = lfc.sstrerror(err_num)
        print "There was an error : Error " + str(err_num) + " (" + err_string + ")"
        sys.exit(1)

 

EXAMPLE

#!/usr/bin/python

import lfc

"""
# Using the lfc_getacl and lfc_setacl methods to remove a user ACL
"""

nentries, acls_list = lfc.lfc_getacl("/grid/dteam/tests_sophie3", lfc.CA_MAXACLENTRIES)

# Note : you cannot remove the owner ACL (i.e. for CNS_ACL_USER_OBJ type) if ACLs
# ====== for other users exist. Ff all the other user ACLs are deleted, the owner
# ====== ACL is automatically removed.

for i in acls_list:
        print i.a_type
        print i.a_id
        print i.a_perm

del acls_list[1]        # delete a given user ACL from the list of ACLs

res = lfc.lfc_setacl("/grid/dteam/tests_sophie3", acls_list)

if res == 0:
        print "OK"
else:
        err_num = lfc.cvar.serrno
        err_string = lfc.sstrerror(err_num)
        print "There was an error : Error " + str(err_num) + " (" + err_string + ")"
        sys.exit(1)

 

EXAMPLE

#!/usr/bin/env python
import lfcthr 
import os
from threading import Thread

class slave(Thread):

   def __init__ (self):
      Thread.__init__(self)
      
   def run(self):
        ....
        result = lfcthr.lfc_getreplica("", guid, "")
        ....
        return
        
if __name__ == '__main__':

    os.environ['LFC_HOST'] = 'my_lfc.cern.ch'

    #   Threaded library initialisation
    lfcthr.init()

    ....
    #   Start up of threads
    for i in xrange(totalNumberOfSlaves):
        slv = slave(i)
        slv.start()
        
    ....

 

EXAMPLE

#!/usr/bin/python

import lfc

"""
# Using the lfc_getusrmap method
"""

result, list = lfc.lfc_getusrmap()
print result
print len(list)
if (result == 0):
        for i in list:
                print i.userid + " " + i.username

 

EXAMPLE

#!/usr/bin/python

import lfc

"""
# Using the lfc_getgrpmap method
"""

result, list = lfc.lfc_getgrpmap()
print result
print len(list)
if (result == 0):
        for i in list:
                print i.gid + " " + i.groupname

 

KNOWN BUGS

The current interface to the lfc_getcomment(3), lfc_getcwd(3), lfc_readlink(3), lfc_seterrbuf(3) requires the passing of str object which is modified to contain the result (in a similar way to the C functions, which accept a buffer). However this breaks the immutability of python str. This will be changed in the future.  

SEE ALSO

LFC C interface man pages


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE
KNOWN BUGS
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:49:16 GMT, April 16, 2011