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libraptor

libraptor

Section: C Library Functions (3) Updated: 2010-01-29
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NAME

libraptor - Raptor RDF parser and serializer library  

SYNOPSIS

#include <raptor.h>


raptor_init();
raptor_parser *p=raptor_new_parser(rdfxml);
raptor_set_statement_handler(p,NULL,print_triples);
raptor_uri *file_uri=raptor_new_uri(http://example.org/);
raptor_parse_file(p,file_uri,base_uri);
raptor_parse_uri(p,uri,NULL);
raptor_free_parser(p);
raptor_free_uri(file_uri);
raptor_finish();
cc file.c -lraptor
 

DESCRIPTION

The Raptor library provides a high-level interface to a set of parsers and serializers that generate Resource Description Framework (RDF) triples by parsing syntaxes or serialize the triples into syntaxes.

The supported parsing syntaxes include RDF/XML, N-Triples, Turtle, TRiG, RSS tag soup (including all RSS and Atoms), GRDDL, RDFa and the serializing syntaxes include RDF/XML (3 varieties), N-Triples, Turtle, RSS 1.0, Atom 1.0, GraphViz DOT and RDF/JSON. The RDF/XML parser can use either expat or libxml XML parsers for providing the SAX event stream. The library functions are arranged in an object-oriented style with constructors, destructors and method calls. The statements and error messages are delivered via callback functions.

Raptor contains a URI-reference parsing and resolving (not retrieval) class (raptor_uri) sufficient for dealing with URI-references inside RDF. This functionality is modular and can be transparently replaced with another existing and compatible URI implementation.

It also provides a URI-retrieval class (raptor_www) for wrapping existing library such as libcurl, libxml2 or BSD libfetch that provides full or partial retrieval of data from URIs and an I/O stream abstraction (raptor_iostream) for supportin serializing to a variety of outputs.

Raptor uses Unicode strings for RDF literals and URIs and preserves them throughout the library. It uses the UTF-8 encoding of Unicode at the API for passing in or returning Unicode strings. It is intended that the preservation of Unicode for URIs will support Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs) which are still under development and standardisation.  

LIBRARY INITIALISATION AND CLEANUP

raptor_init()
raptor_finish()
Initialise and cleanup the library. These must be called before any raptor class such as raptor_parser, raptor_uri is created or used. Note: as of 1.4.19 these are wrappers around a static instance of the new raptor_world class. In Raptor 2.0 this initialisation and cleanup method will be removed.
void raptor_set_libxslt_security_preferences(void *security_preferences)
Set libxslt security preferences object.
void raptor_set_libxml_flags(int flags)
Set libxml flags from the choices: RAPTOR_LIBXML_FLAGS_GENERIC_ERROR_SAVE: save/restore the libxml generic error handler when parsing and RAPTOR_LIBXML_FLAGS_STRUCTURED_ERROR_SAVE: save/restore the libxml structured error handler when parsing.
 

PARSER CLASS

This class provides the functionality of turning syntaxes into RDF triples - RDF parsing.  

PARSER CONSTRUCTORS

raptor_parser* raptor_new_parser(name)
Create a new raptor parser object for the parser with name name currently either "rdfxml", "turtle" or "rss-tag-soup" for the RSS Tag Soup parser.
raptor_parser* raptor_new_parser_for_content(raptor_uri *uri, const char *mime_type, const unsigned char *buffer, size_t len, const unsigned char *identifier)
Create a new raptor parser object for a syntax identified by URI uri, MIME type mime_type, some initial content buffer of size len or content with identifier identifier. See the raptor_guess_parser_name description for further details.
 

PARSER DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_free_parser(raptor_parser *parser)
Destroy a Raptor parser object.
 

PARSER MESSAGE CALLBACK METHODS

Several methods can be registered for the parser that return a variable-argument message in the style of printf(3). These also return a raptor_locator that can contain URI, file, line, column and byte counts of where the message is about. This structure can be used with the raptor_format_locator, raptor_print_locator functions below or the structures fields directly, which are defined in raptor.h
void raptor_set_fatal_error_handler(raptor_parser* parser, void *user_data, raptor_message_handler handler)
Set the parser fatal error handler callback.
void raptor_set_error_handler(raptor_parser* parser, void *user_data, raptor_message_handler handler)
Set the parser non-fatal error handler callback.
void raptor_set_warning_handler(raptor_parser* parser, void *user_data, raptor_message_handler handler)
Set the parser warning message handler callback.
raptor_set_namespace_handler(raptor_parser* parser, void* user_data, raptor_namespace_handler handler)
Set the namespace declaration handler callback.
 

PARSER STATEMENT CALLBACK METHOD

The parser allows the registration of a callback function to return the statements to the application.
void raptor_set_statement_handler(raptor_parser* parser, void *user_data, raptor_statement_handler handler)
Set the statement callback function for the parser. The raptor_statement structure is defined in raptor.h and includes fields for the subject, predicate, object of the statements along with their types and for literals, language and datatype.
 

PARSER PARSING METHODS

These methods perform the entire parsing in one method. Statements warnings, errors and fatal errors are delivered via the registered statement, error etc. handler functions.

In both of these methods, the base URI is required for the RDF/XML parser (name "rdfxml") and Turtle parser (name "turtle"). The N-Triples parser (name "ntriples") or RSS Tag Soup parser (name "rss-tag-soup") do not use this.

int raptor_parse_file(raptor_parser* parser, raptor_uri *uri, raptor_uri *base_uri)
Parse the given filename (a URI like file:filename) according to the optional base URI base_uri. If uri is NULL, read from standard input and base_uri is then required.
int raptor_parse_file_stream(raptor_parser* parser, FILE* stream, const char* filename, raptor_uri *base_uri)
Parse the given C FILE* stream according to the base URI base_uri (required). filename is optional and if given, is used for error messages via the raptor_locator structure.
int raptor_parse_uri(raptor_parser* parser, raptor_uri* uri, raptor_uri *base_uri)
Parse the URI according to the base URI base_uri, or NULL if not needed. If no base URI is given, the uri is used. This method depends on the raptor_www subsystem (see WWW Class section below) and an existing underlying URI retrieval implementation such as libcurl, libxml or BSD libfetch to retrieve the content.
 

PARSER CHUNKED PARSING METHODS

These methods perform the parsing in parts by working on multiple chunks of memory passed by the application. Statements warnings, errors and fatal errors are delivered via the registered statement, error etc. handler functions.
int raptor_start_parse(raptor_parser* parser, const char *uri)
Start a parse of chunked content with the base URI uri or NULL if not needed. The base URI is required for the RDF/XML parser (name "rdfxml") and Turtle parser (name "turtle"). The N-Triples parser (name "ntriples") or RSS Tag Soup parser (name "rss-tag-soup") do not use this.
int raptor_parse_chunk(raptor_parser* parser, const unsigned char *buffer, size_t len, int is_end)
Parse the memory at buffer of size len returning statements via the statement handler callback. If is_end is non-zero, it indicates the end of the parsing stream. This method can only be called after raptor_start_parse().
 

PARSER UTILITY METHODS

const char* raptor_get_mime_type(raptor_parser* rdf_parser)
Return the MIME type for the parser.
void raptor_set_parser_strict(raptor_parser *parser, int is_strict)
Set the parser to strict (is_strict not zero) or lax (default) mode. The detail of the strictness can be controlled by raptor_set_feature.
int raptor_set_feature(raptor_parser *parser, raptor_feature feature, int value)
Set a parser feature feature to a particular value. Returns non 0 on failure or if the feature is unknown. The current defined parser features are:
  Feature                                 Values
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_ALLOW_BAGID              Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_ALLOW_NON_NS_ATTRIBUTES  Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_ALLOW_OTHER_PARSETYPES   Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_ALLOW_RDF_TYPE_RDF_LIST  Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_ASSUME_IS_RDF            Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_CHECK_RDF_ID             Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_HTML_LINK                Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_HTML_TAG_SOUP            Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_MICROFORMATS             Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_NON_NFC_FATAL            Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_NORMALIZE_LANGUAGE       Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_NO_NET                   Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_RELATIVE_URIS            Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_SCANNING                 Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_WARN_OTHER_PARSETYPES    Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_WWW_TIMEOUT              Integer
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_WWW_HTTP_CACHE_CONTROL   String
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_WWW_HTTP_USER_AGENT      String

If the allow_bagid feature is true (default true) then the RDF/XML parser will support the rdf:bagID attribute that was removed from the RDF/XML language when it was revised. This support may be removed in future.

If the allow_non_ns_attributes feature is true (default true), then the RDF/XML parser will allow non-XML namespaced attributes to be accepted as well as rdf: namespaced ones. For example, 'about' and 'ID' will be interpreted as if they were rdf:about and rdf:ID respectively.

If the allow_other_parsetypes feature is true (default true) then the RDF/XML parser will allow unknown parsetypes to be present and will pass them on to the user. Unimplemented at present.

If the allow_rdf_type_rdf_list feature is true (default false) then the RDF/XML parser will generate the idList rdf:type rdf:List triple in the handling of rdf:parseType="Collection". This triple was removed during the revising of RDF/XML after collections were initially added.

If the assume_is_rdf feature is true (default false), then the RDF/XML parser will assume the content is RDF/XML, not require that rdf:RDF root element, and immediately interpret the content as RDF/XML.

If the check_rdf_id feature is true (default true) then rdf:ID values will be checked for duplicates and cause an error if found.

if the html_link feature is true (default true), look for head &lt;link&gt; to type rdf/xml for GRDDL parser

If the html_tag_soup feature is true (default true), use a lax HTML parser if an XML parser fails when read HTML for GRDDL parser.

If the microformats feature is true (default true), look for microformats for GRDDL parser.

If the non_nfc_fatal feature is true (default false) then illegal Unicode Normal Form C in literals will give a fatal error, otherwise it gives a warning.

If the normalize_language feature is true (default true) then XML language values such as from xml:lang will be normalized to lowercase.

If the no_net feature is true (default false) then network requests are denied.

If the scanning feature is true (default false), then the RDF/XML parser will look for embedded rdf:RDF elements inside the XML content, and not require that the XML start with an rdf:RDF root element.

If the www_timeout feature is set to an integer larger than 0, it sets the timeout in seconds for internal WWW URI requests for the GRDDL parser.

If the www_http_cache_control feature is set to a string value (default none), it is sent as the value of the HTTP Cache-Control: header in requests.

If the www_http_user_agent feature is set to a string value, it is sent as the value of the HTTP User-Agent: header in requests.

raptor_parser_set_feature_string(raptor_parser *parser, raptor_feature feature, const unsigned char *value)
Set a parser feature feature to a particular string value. Returns non 0 on failure or if the feature is unknown. The current defined parser features are given in raptor_set_feature and at present only take integer values. If an integer value feature is set with this function, value is interpreted as an integer and then that value is used.
int raptor_get_feature(raptor_parser* parser, raptor_feature feature)
Get parser feature integer values. The allowed feature values and types are given under raptor_features_enumerate.
const unsigned char* raptor_parser_get_feature_string(raptor_parser *parser, raptor_feature feature)
Get parser feature string values. The allowed feature values and types are given under raptor_features_enumerate.
unsigned int raptor_get_feature_count(void)
Get the count of features defined. Prefered to the compile time-only symbol RAPTOR_FEATURE_LAST which returns the maximum value, not the count. Added raptor_get_need_base_uri
int raptor_feature_value_type(const raptor_feature feature)
Get a raptor feature value tyype - integer or string.
raptor_locator* raptor_get_locator(raptor_parser* rdf_parser)
Return the current raptor_locator object for the parser. This is a public structure defined in raptor.h that can be used directly, or formatted via raptor_print_locator.
void raptor_get_name(raptor_parser *parser)
Return the string short name for the parser.
void raptor_get_label(raptor_parser *parser)
Return a string label for the parser.
void raptor_set_default_generate_id_parameters(raptor_parser* rdf_parser, char *prefix, int base)
Control the default method for generation of IDs for blank nodes and bags. The method uses a short string prefix and an integer base to generate the identifier which is not guaranteed to be a strict concatenation. If prefix is NULL, the default is used. If base is less than 1, it is initialised to 1.
void raptor_set_generate_id_handler(raptor_parser* parser, void *user_data, raptor_generate_id_handler handler)
Allow full customisation of the generated IDs by setting a callback handler and associated user_data that is called whenever a blank node or bag identifier is required. The memory returned is deallocated inside raptor. Some systems require this to be allocated inside the same library, in which case the raptor_alloc_memory function may be useful.
void raptor_parser_set_uri_filter(raptor_parser* parser, raptor_uri_filter_func filter, void* user_data)
Set the URI filter function filter for URIs retrieved during parsing by the the raptor_parser.
int raptor_get_need_base_uri(raptor_parser* rdf_parser)
Get a boolean whether this parser needs a base URI to start parsing.
unsigned char* raptor_parser_generate_id(raptor_parser* rdf_parser, raptor_genid_type type)
Generate an ID for a parser of type type, either RAPTOR_GENID_TYPE_BNODEID or RAPTOR_GENID_TYPE_BAGID. This uses any configuration set by raptor_set_generate_id_handler.
void raptor_set_graph_handler(raptor_parser* parser, void* user_data, raptor_graph_handler handler)
Set the graph handler callback.
raptor_world* raptor_parser_get_world(raptor_parser* rdf_parser)
Get the world object for the given rdf_parser.
 

PARSER UTILITY FUNCTIONS

int raptor_parsers_enumerate(const unsigned int counter, const char **name, const char **label)
Return the parser name/label for a parser with a given integer counter, returning non-zero if no such parser at that offset exists. The counter should start from 0 and be incremented by 1 until the function returns non-zero.
int raptor_syntaxes_enumerate(const unsigned int counter, const char **name, const char **label, const char **mime_type, const unsigned char **uri-string)
Return the name, label, mime type or URI string (all optional) for a parser syntax with a given integer counter, returning non-zero if no such syntax parser at that offset exists. The counter should start from 0 and be incremented by 1 until the function returns non-zero.
int raptor_features_enumerate(const raptor_feature feature, const char **name, raptor_uri **uri, const char **label)
Return the name, URI, string label (all optional) for a parser feature, returning non-zero if no such feature exists.

Raptor features have URIs that are constructed from the URI http://feature.librdf.org/raptor- and the name so for example feature scanForRDF has URI http://feature.librdf.org/raptor-scanForRDF

int raptor_syntax_name_check(const char *name)
Check name is a known syntax name.
const char* raptor_guess_parser_name(raptor_uri *uri, const char *mime_type, const unsigned char *buffer, size_t len, const unsigned char *identifier)
Guess a parser name for a syntax identified by URI uri, MIME type mime_type, some initial content buffer of size len or with content identifier identifier. All of these parameters are optional and only used if not NULL. The parser is chosen by scoring the hints that are given.
raptor_feature raptor_feature_from_uri(raptor_uri *uri)
Turn a URI uri into a raptor feature identifier, or <0 if the feature is unknown. The URIs are described below raptor_set_feature.
 

STATEMENT UTILITY FUNCTIONS

int raptor_statement_compare(const raptor_statement *s1, const raptor_statement *s2)
Compare two statements and return an ordering between them.
void raptor_print_statement(const raptor_statement* const statement, FILE *stream)
Print a raptor statement object in a simple format for debugging only. The format of this output is not guaranteed to remain the same between releases.
void raptor_print_statement_as_ntriples(const raptor_statement* statement, FILE *stream)
Print a raptor statement object in N-Triples format, using all the escapes as defined in http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-testcases/#ntriples
raptor_statement_part_as_counted_string(const void *term, raptor_identifier_type type, raptor_uri* literal_datatype, const unsigned char *literal_language, size_t* len_p)
char* raptor_statement_part_as_string(const void *term, raptor_identifier_type type, raptor_uri* literal_datatype, const unsigned char *literal_language)
Turns part of raptor statement into N-Triples format, using all the escapes as defined in http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-testcases/#ntriples The part (subject, predicate, object) of the raptor_statement is passed in as term, the part type (subject_type, predicate_type, object_type) is passed in as type. When the part is a literal, the literal_datatype and literal_language fields are set, otherwise NULL (usually object_datatype, object_literal_language).
If raptor_statement_part_as_counted_string is used, the length of the returned string is stored in *len_p if not NULL.
 

LOCATOR UTILITY FUNCTIONS

int raptor_format_locator(char *buffer, size_t length, raptor_locator* locator)
This method takes a raptor_locator object as passed to an error, warning or other handler callback and formats it into the buffer of size length bytes. If buffer is NULL or length is insufficient for the size of the formatted locator, returns the number of additional bytes required in the buffer to write the locator.

In particular, if this form is used:
  length=raptor_format_locator(NULL, 0, locator) it will return in length the size of a buffer that can be allocated for locator and a second call will perform the formatting:
  raptor_format_locator(buffer, length, locator)

void raptor_print_locator(FILE *stream, raptor_locator* locator)
This method takes a raptor_locator object as passed to an error, warning or other handler callback, formats and prints it to the given stdio stream.
int raptor_locator_line(raptor_locator *locator)
Returns the line number in a locator structure or <0 if not available.
int raptor_locator_column(raptor_locator *locator)
Returns the column number in a locator structure or <0 if not available.
int raptor_locator_byte(raptor_locator *locator)
Returns the byte offset in a locator structure or <0 if not available.
const char * raptor_locator_file(raptor_locator *locator)
Returns the filename in a locator structure or NULL if not available. Note the returned pointer is to a shared string that must be copied if needed.
const char * raptor_locator_uri(raptor_locator *locator)
Returns the URI string in a locator structure or NULL if not available. Note this does not return a raptor_uri* pointer and the returned pointer is to a shared string that must be copied if needed.
 

N-TRIPLES UTILITY FUNCTIONS

void raptor_print_ntriples_string(FILE* stream, const char* string, const char delim)
This is a standalone function that prints the given string according to N-Triples escaping rules, expecting to be terminated by delimiter delim which is usually either ', " or <. If a null delimiter \0 is given, no extra escaping is performed.
int raptor_iostream_write_string_ntriples(raptor_iostream *iostr, const unsigned char *string, size_t len, const char delim)
Write an N-Triples encoded version of the given string to iostream iostr. If delim is given, that is the ending delimeter of the encoded string and it will be escaped in the output as appropriate. Useful delim values are ', " and >. If a null delimiter \0 is given, no extra escaping is performed.
int raptor_iostream_write_string_python(raptor_iostream *iostr, const unsigned char *string, size_t len, const char delim, int flags)
Write string encoded to an iostream according to the delimeter delim and encoding flags. The flag value selects formatting according to the appropriate Python-related languages such as N-Triples (0), Turtle (1), Turtle long quoted string (2), JSON (3).
void raptor_iostream_write_statement_ntriples(raptor_iostream* iostr, const raptor_statement *statement)
Write an N-Triples encoded version of the raptor_statement statement to iostream iostr.
void raptor_iostream_write_string_turtle(raptor_iostream* iostr, const unsigned char* string, size_t len)
DEPRECATED in 1.4.17 - use raptor_iostream_write_string_python instead. Write an UTF-8 string of length len using the Turtle "longString" triple quoting format to the iostream iostr.
const char* raptor_ntriples_term_as_string (raptor_ntriples_term_type term)
Deprecated, for internal use.
 

XML UTILITY FUNCTIONS

int raptor_xml_any_escape_string(const unsigned char* string, size_t len, unsigned char* buffer, size_t length, char quote, int xml_version, raptor_simple_message_handler error_handler, void* error_data)
int raptor_xml_escape_string(const unsigned char *string, size_t len, unsigned char *buffer, size_t length, char quote, raptor_message_handler error_handler, void *error_data)
Apply the XML escaping rules to the string given in (string, len) into the buffer of size length. If quote is given, the escaped content is for an XML attribute and the appropriate quote character XML element content (CDATA). The error_handler method along with error_data allow error reporting to be given. If buffer is NULL, returns the size of the buffer required to escape. Otherwise the return value is the number of bytes used or <0 on failure.
When an xml_version argument is present and has a value 10 (XML 1.0) or 11 (XML 1.1) then that version is used. The default with no argument is to generate XML 1.0.
int raptor_iostream_write_xml_any_escaped_string(raptor_iostream* iostr, const unsigned char* string, size_t len, char quote, int xml_version, raptor_simple_message_handler error_handler, void* error_data)
int raptor_iostream_write_xml_escaped_string(raptor_iostream* iostr, const unsigned char *string, size_t len, char quote, raptor_simple_message_handler error_handler, void *error_data)
Write an XML-escaped version of the string given in (string, len) to iostream iostr. If quote is given, the escaped content is for an XML attribute and the appropriate quote character is used, otherwise it is XML element content (CDATA). The error_handler method along with error_data allow error reporting to be given.
When an xml_version argument is present and has a value 10 (XML 1.0) or 11 (XML 1.1) then that version is used. The default with no argument is to generate XML 1.0.
int raptor_xml_name_check(const unsigned char *string, size_t length, int xml_version)
Check that the given string of length bytes is a legal XML name according to XML 1.0 or XML 1.1. xml_version is set to 10 or 11 respectively. Returns non-zero if the name is legal.
 

MEMORY UTILITY FUNCTIONS

void raptor_free_memory(void *ptr)
Free memory allocated inside raptor. Some systems require memory allocated in a library to be deallocated inside that library. This function can be used in that situation to free memory allocated by raptor, such as the result of the _to_ methods that return allocated memory such as raptor_uri_to_filename, raptor_uri_to_string, raptor_uri_to_relative_counted_uri_string, raptor_uri_to_relative_uri_string or raptor_new_namespace_parts_from_string.
void* raptor_alloc_memory(size_t size)
Allocate memory inside the raptor library. Some systems require memory allocated in a library to be deallocated inside that library. This function can be used in that situation to allocate memory for raptor to free later, such as inside the handler function declared with raptor_set_generate_id_handler which returns new memory.
void* raptor_calloc_memory(size_t nmemb, size_t size)
Allocate zeroed array of items inside raptor. Some systems require memory allocated in a library to be deallocated inside that library. This function can be used in that situation to clear an array of allocated memory for raptor to use, for freeing later, such as inside the handler function declared with raptor_set_generate_id_handler which returns new memory.
 

UNICODE UTILITY FUNCTIONS

int raptor_unicode_char_to_utf8(raptor_unichar c, unsigned char *output)
Turn a Unicode character into UTF8 bytes in output of size c bytes which must be of sufficient size. Returns the number of bytes encoded or <0 on failure.
int raptor_utf8_to_unicode_char(raptor_unichar *output, const unsigned char *input, int length)
Decode a sequence UTF8 bytes in input of size length into a Unicode character in output returning the number of bytes used or <0 on failure.
int raptor_utf8_check(const unsigned char *string, size_t length)
Check that a given string is legal UTF-8 encoding and includes only legal Unicode characters U+0 to U+0x10ffff inclusive. Returns non-0 if the string is good.
int raptor_unicode_is_xml11_namestartchar(raptor_unichar c)
int raptor_unicode_is_xml10_namestartchar(raptor_unichar c)
int raptor_unicode_is_xml11_namechar(raptor_unichar c)
int raptor_unicode_is_xml10_namechar(raptor-unichar c)
Check that given Unicode characters are allowed as XML 1.0 or XML 1.0 names - either as the starting character (*_namestartchar) or continuing character (*_namechar). Returns non-0 if the character is allowed.
 

ERROR UTILITY FUNCTIONS

void raptor_error_handlers_init(raptor_error_handlers* error_handlers)
Initialise an error_handlers structure after the log level handlers and user data pointers have been set.
 

MISCELLANEOUS UTILITY FUNCTIONS

char* raptor_vsnprintf(const char *message, va_list arguments)
Compatibility wrapper around vsnprintf.
 

STATIC VARIABLES

There are several read-only static variables in the raptor library:
const char * const raptor_short_copyright_string
Short copyright string, suitable for one line.
const char * const raptor_copyright_string
Full copyright over several lines including URLs.
const char * const raptor_version_string
The version as a string
const unsigned int raptor_version_major
The major version number as an integer.
const unsigned int raptor_version_minor
The minor version number as an integer.
const unsigned int raptor_version_release
The release version number as an integer.
const unsigned int raptor_version_decimal
The version number as a single decimal.
const char * const raptor_license_string
The license string over several lines including URLs.
const char * const raptor_home_url_string
The home page URL as a string.
 

SERIALIZER CLASS

This class provides the functionality of turning RDF triples into syntaxes - RDF serializing.  

SERIALIZER CONSTRUCTOR

raptor_serializer* raptor_new_serializer(const char *name)
Create a new raptor serializer object for the serializer with name name currently either "rdfxml" or "ntriples". or "rss-1.0" for the RSS 1.0 serializer.
 

SERIALIZER DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_free_serializer(raptor_serializer* rdf_serializer)
Destroy a Raptor serializer object.
 

SERIALIZER SERIALIZING METHODS

int raptor_serialize_start(raptor_serializer* rdf_serializer, raptor_uri *uri, raptor_iostream *iostream)
Start to serialize content using the given iostream to write to with optional base URI uri. The iostream becomes owned by the serializer object and is destroyed at the end of serializing when raptor_serialize_end() is called. Note that some syntaxes may refuse to serialize without a base URI, such as RDF/XML.
int raptor_serialize_start_to_iostream(raptor_serializer* rdf_serializer, raptor_uri* uri, raptor_iostream* iostream)
Start to serialize content using the given iostream to write to with optional base URI uri. The iostream does NOT become owned by the serializer object and the caller may continue to write to it after serializing is finished. Note that some syntaxes may refuse to serialize without a base URI, such as RDF/XML.
int raptor_serialize_start_to_filename(raptor_serializer* rdf_serializer, const char *filename)
Start to serialize content to the file filename which is opened for writing. The base URI is calculated from the file name.
int raptor_serialize_start_to_string(raptor_serializer* rdf_serializer, raptor_uri *uri, void **string_p, size_t *length_p)
Start to serialize content to a string. string_p must point to a void* pointer that will be used at the end of serializing to store the newly allocated string. length_p if not NULL, it will be used to store the length of the new string. The serializing is done with optional base URI uri however some syntaxes may refuse to serialize without a base URI, such as RDF/XML.
int raptor_serialize_start_to_file_handle(raptor_serializer* rdf_serializer, raptor_uri *uri, FILE *handle)
Start to serialize content to the already open C Standard I/O FILE* handle with the base URI uri, which is optional and may be NULL. Note that some syntaxes may refuse to serialize without a base URI, such as RDF/XML.
int raptor_serialize_statement(raptor_serializer* rdf_serializer, const raptor_statement *statement)
Serialize a single statement using the serializer.
int raptor_serialize_end(raptor_serializer* rdf_serializer)
End the serializing. This may close and delete resources used in serializing. No more calls to raptor_serialize_statement or raptor_serialize_end may be done at this point.
raptor_iostream* raptor_serializer_get_iostream(raptor_serializer *serializer)
Return a pointer to the raptor_iostream* used by the serializer.
int raptor_serializer_set_namespace(raptor_serializer* serializer, raptor_uri *uri, const char *prefix)
Set a suggested namespace URI/prefix mapping for use in serializing.
 

SERIALIZER UTILITY METHODS

void raptor_serializer_set_error_handler(raptor_serializer* serializer, void *user_data, raptor_message_handler handler)
Set the serializer non-fatal error handler callback.
void raptor_serializer_set_warning_handler(raptor_serializer* serializer, void *user_data, raptor_message_handler handler)
Set the serializer warning message handler callback.
raptor_locator* raptor_serializer_get_locator(raptor_serializer* rdf_serializer)
Return the current raptor_locator object for the serializer. This is a public structure defined in raptor.h that can be used directly, or formatted via raptor_print_locator.
int raptor_serializer_set_feature(raptor_serializer *serializer, raptor_feature feature, int value)
Set a serializer feature feature to a particular value. Returns non 0 on failure or if the feature is unknown. The current defined serializer features are:
  Feature                                 Values
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_RELATIVE_URIS            Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_WRITE_BASE_URI           Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_START_URI                URI String
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_BNODE_BORDER             String
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_BNODE_FILL               String
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_JSON_CALLBACK            String
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_JSON_EXTRA_DATA          String
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_LITERAL_BORDER           String
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_LITERAL_FILL             String
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_RESOURCE_BORDER          String
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_RESOURCE_FILL            String
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_RSS_TRIPLES              String
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_ATOM_ENTRY_URI           String

If the relative_uris feature is true (default false) then when serialising, preference is given to generating relative URIs where possible.

If the write_base_uri feature is true (default true) then the atom, rdfxml, rdfxml-abbrev and turtle serializers will write an @base or xml:base directive in the output.

If the start_uri feature is set to a URI it is used by the serializer to start serializing from.

If the bnode_border feature is set, the DOT serializer uses it as the bnode border colour.

If the bnode_fill feature is set, the DOT serializer uses it as the bnode fill colour.

If the json_callback feature is set, the JSON serializers use it as the name of the callback to wrap the outer JSON object.

If the json_extra_data feature is set, the JSON serializers use it as extra data inside the outer JSON object.

If the literal_border feature is set, the DOT serializer uses it as the literal border colour.

If the literal_fill feature is set, the DOT serializer uses it as the literal fill colour.

If the resource_border feature is set, the DOT serializer uses it as the resource border colour.

If the resource_fill feature is set, the DOT serializer uses it as the resource fill colour.

If the rss_triples feature is set to the string "rdf-xml" for the rss-1.0 serializer or "atom-triples" for the atom serializer, it writes extra rdf triples into the serialized output.

If the atom_entry_uri feature is set to a URI string, it is used to trigger generation of an atom entry document for the atom serializer.

int raptor_serializer_get_feature(raptor_serializer* serializer, raptor_feature feature)
Get serializer features, the allowed feature values are available
raptor_world* raptor_serializer_get_world(raptor_serializer* rdf_serializer)
Get the world object for the given rdf_serializer.
 

SERIALIZER UTILITY FUNCTIONS

int raptor_serializers_enumerate(const unsigned int counter, const char **name, const char **label, const char **mime_type, const unsigned char **uri_string)
Return the serializer name/label for a serializer with a given integer counter, returning non-zero if no such parser at that offset exists. The counter should start from 0 and be incremented by 1 until the function returns non-zero.
int raptor_serializer_syntax_name_check(const char *name)
Check name is a known serializer syntax name.
 

URI CLASS

Raptor has a raptor_uri class must be used for manipulating and passing URI references. The default internal implementation uses char* strings for URIs, manipulating them and constructing them. This URI implementation can be replaced by any other that provides the equivalent functionality, using the raptor_uri_set_handler function.  

URI CONSTRUCTORS

There a several constructors for raptor_uri to build them from char* strings and existing raptor_uri objects.
raptor_uri* raptor_new_uri(const unsigned char* uri_string)
Create a raptor URI from a string URI-reference uri_string.
raptor_uri* raptor_new_uri_from_uri_local_name(raptor_uri* uri, const unsigned char* local_name)
Create a raptor URI from a string URI-reference local_name relative to an existing URI-reference. This performs concatenation of the local_name to the uri and not relative URI resolution, which is done by the raptor_new_uri_relative_to_base constructor.
raptor_uri* raptor_new_uri_relative_to_base(raptor_uri* base_uri, const unsigned char* uri_string)
Create a raptor URI from a string URI-reference uri_string using relative URI resolution to the base_uri.
raptor_uri* raptor_new_uri_from_id(raptor_uri* base_uri, const unsigned char* id)
Create a raptor URI from a string RDF ID id concatenated to the base_uri base URI.
raptor_uri* raptor_new_uri_for_rdf_concept(const char* name)
Create a raptor URI for the RDF namespace concept name.
raptor_uri* raptor_new_uri_for_xmlbase(raptor_uri* old_uri))
Create a raptor URI suitable for use with xml:base (throw away fragment)
 

URI DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_free_uri(raptor_uri* uri)
Destroy a raptor URI object.
 

URI METHODS

int raptor_uri_equals(raptor_uri* uri1, raptor_uri* uri2)
Return non-zero if the given URIs are equal.
raptor_uri* raptor_uri_copy(raptor_uri* uri)
Return a copy of the given raptor URI uri.
unsigned char* raptor_uri_as_counted_string(raptor_uri *uri, size_t* len_p)
unsigned char* raptor_uri_as_string(raptor_uri* uri)
Return a shared pointer to a string representation of the given raptor URI uri. This string is shared and must not be freed (otherwise see the raptor_uri_to_* methods below). If raptor_uri_as_counted_string is used, the length of the returned string is stored in *len_p if not NULL.
unsigned char* raptor_uri_to_counted_string(raptor_uri *uri, size_t *len_p)
unsigned char* raptor_uri_to_string(raptor_uri *uri)
Return a to a newly alloced string representation of the given raptor URI uri. This string must be freed by the caller using raptor_free_memory. If raptor_uri_to_counted_string is used, the length of the returned string is stored in *len_p if not NULL.
unsigned char* raptor_uri_to_relative_counted_uri_string(raptor_uri *base_uri, raptor_uri *reference_uri, size_t *length_p)
unsigned char* raptor_uri_to_relative_uri_string(raptor_uri *base_uri, raptor_uri *reference_uri)
Return a new relative URI string of a URI reference_uri against a base URI base_uri. The returned string must be freed with raptor_free_memory. If raptor_uri_to_relative_counted_string is used, the length of the returned string is stored in *len_p if not NULL.
void raptor_uri_print(const raptor_uri* uri, FILE *stream)
Print URI uri to the file handle stream.
int raptor_iostream_write_uri(raptor_iostream* iostr, raptor_uri* uri)
Write the raptor_uri uri to the iostream ostr.
 

URI UTILITY FUNCTIONS

void raptor_uri_resolve_uri_reference (const unsigned char* base_uri, const unsigned char* reference_uri, char unsigned* buffer, size_t length)
This is a standalone function that resolves the relative URI reference_uri against the base URI base_uri according to the URI resolution rules in RFC2396. The resulting URI is stored in buffer which is of length bytes. If this is too small, no work will be done.
char *raptor_uri_filename_to_uri_string(const unsigned char* filename)
This is a standalone function that turns a local filename (Windows or Unix style as appropriate for platform) into a URI string (file).
 The returned string must be freed by the caller. Some systems require memory allocated in a library to be deallocated inside that library in which case raptor_free_memory may be used.
char *raptor_uri_uri_string_to_filename(const unsigned char* uri_string)
char *raptor_uri_uri_string_to_filename(const unsigned char* uri_string, unsigned char **fragment_p)
These are standalone functions that turn a URI string that represents a local filename (file:) into a filename, with optional URI fragment. If fragment_p is not NULL it points to the location to store a newly allocated string containing the fragment. The returned strings must be freed by the caller. Some systems require memory allocated in a library to be deallocated inside that library in which case raptor_free_memory may be used.
int raptor_uri_is_file_uri(const unsigned char* uri_string)
DEPRECATED in 1.4.9. Returns non-zero if the given URI string represents a filename. Use raptor_uri_uri_string_is_file_uri in preference.
int raptor_uri_uri_string_is_file_uri(const unsigned char* uri_string)
Returns non-zero if the given URI string represents a filename.
 

URI CLASS IMPLEMENTATION

void raptor_uri_set_handler(const raptor_uri_handler *handler, void *context)
Change the URI class implementation to the functions provided by the handler URI implementation. The context user data is passed in to the handler URI implementation calls.
void raptor_uri_get_handler(raptor_uri_handler **handler, void **context)
Return the current raptor URI class implementation handler and context

 

WWW CLASS

This is a small wrapper class around existing WWW libraries in order to provide HTTP GET or better URI retrieval for Raptor. It is not intended to be a general purpose WWW retrieval interface.  

WWW CLASS INITIALISATION AND CLEANUP

void raptor_www_init(void)
void raptor_www_finish(void)
Initialise or terminate the raptor_www infrastructure. raptor_www_init and raptor_finish are called by raptor_init and raptor_finish respecitively, otherwise must be called once each.
NOTE
Several of the WWW library implementations require once-only initialisation and termination functions to be called, however raptor cannot determine whether this is already done before the library is initialised in raptor_www_init or terminated in raptor_www_finish, so always performs it. This can be changed by raptor_www_no_www_library_init_finish.
void raptor_www_no_www_library_init_finish(void)
If this is called before raptor_www_init, it will not call the underlying WWW library global initialise or terminate functions. The application code must perform both operations.
For example with curl, after this function is called, neither curl_global_init nor curl_global_cleanup will be called during raptor_www_init or raptor_www_finish respectively.
 

WWW CONSTRUCTORS

raptor_www *raptor_www_new(void)
raptor_www *raptor_www_new_with_connection(void* connection)
Create a raptor WWW object capable of URI retrieval. If connection is given, it must match the connection object of the underlying WWW implementation. At present, this is only for libcurl, and allows you to re-use an existing curl handle, or use one which has been set up with some desired qualities.
 

WWW DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_www_free(raptor_www *www)
Destroy a raptor WWW object.
 

WWW METHODS

void raptor_www_set_user_agent(raptor_www *www, const char *user_agent)
Set the HTTP User-Agent header value.
int raptor_www_set_http_cache_control(raptor_www* www, const char* cache_control)
Set the HTTP Cache-Control header value.
void raptor_www_set_proxy(raptor_www *www, const char *proxy)
Set the HTTP proxy - usually a string of the form http://server:port
raptor_www_set_write_bytes_handler(raptor_www *www, raptor_www_write_bytes_handler handler, void *user_data)
Set the handler to receive bytes written by the raptor_www implementation.
void raptor_www_set_content_type_handler(raptor_www *www, raptor_www_content_type_handler handler, void *user_data)
Set the handler to receive the HTTP Content-Type value, when/if discovered during retrieval by the raptor_www implementation.
void raptor_www_set_http_accept(raptor_www *www, const char *value)
Set the WWW HTTP Accept: header to value. If value is NULL, an empty header is sent.
void raptor_www_set_error_handler(raptor_www *www, raptor_message_handler error_handler, void *error_data)
Set the error handler routine for the raptor_www class. This takes the same arguments as the raptor_parser error, warning handler methods.
void raptor_www_set_uri_filter(raptor_www* www, raptor_uri_filter_func filter, void* user_data)
Set the URI filter function filter for URIs retrieved by the raptor_www object.
void* raptor_www_get_connection(raptor_www *www)
Return the underlying WWW library connection object. For example, for libcurl this is the curl_handle.
void raptor_www_set_connection_timeout(raptor_www* www, int timeout)
Set the WWW connection timeout in seconds.
raptor_uri* raptor_www_get_final_uri(raptor_www* www)
Get the final URI from a WWW retrieval, which may include redirections.
 

WWW ACTION METHODS

int raptor_www_fetch(raptor_www *www, raptor_uri *uri)
Retrieve the given URL, returning non zero on failure.
int raptor_www_fetch_to_string(raptor_www *www, raptor_uri *uri, void **string_p, size_t *length_p, void *(*malloc_handler)(size_t size))
Retrieve the given URL to a string. string_p must point to a void* pointer that will be used to store the newly allocated string. length_p if not NULL, it will be used to store the length of the new string.
void raptor_www_abort(raptor_www *www, const char *reason)
Abort an ongoing raptor WWW operation. Typically used within one of the raptor WWW handlers.
 

QNAME CLASS

This is a class for handling XML QNames consisting of the pair of (a URI from a namespace, a local name) along with an optional value -- useful for XML attributes. This is used with the raptor_namespace_stack and raptor_namespace classes to handle a stack of raptor_namespace that build on raptor_qname.  

QNAME CONSTRUCTORS

There are two constructors for raptor_qname to build qnames with optional values on a stack of names.
raptor_qname* raptor_new_qname(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack, const unsigned char *name, const unsigned char *value, raptor_simple_message_handler error_handler, void *error_data)
Create a raptor QName name (a possibly :-separated name) with name to be resolved against the given nstack namespace stack. An optional value can be given, and if there is an error, the error_handler and error_data will be used to invoke the callback.
raptor_qname* raptor_new_qname_from_namespace_local_name (raptor_namespace *ns, const unsigned char *local_name, const unsigned char *value)
Create a raptor QName using the namespace name of the raptor_namespace ns and the local name local_name, along with optional value value. Errors are reported using the error handling and data of the namespace.
raptor_qname* raptor_qname_copy(raptor_qname *qname)
Create a raptor QName from an existing one, returning NULL on failure.
 

QNAME DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_free_qname(raptor_qname* name)
Destroy a raptor qname object.
 

QNAME METHODS

int raptor_qname_equal(raptor_qname* name1, raptor_qname *name2)
Return non-zero if the given QNames are equal.
int raptor_iostream_write_qname(raptor_iostream* iostr, raptor_qname *qname)
Write the raptor_qname qname to the iostream ostr.
const unsigned char* raptor_qname_get_local_name(raptor_qname* name)
Get the local name of the QName.
const unsigned char* raptor_qname_get_value(raptor_qname* name)
Get the value of the QName for an XML attribute QName.
const unsigned char* raptor_qname_get_counted_value(raptor_qname* name, size_t* length_p)
Get the value fo the QName along with the length (if length_p is not NULL) for an XML attribute QName.
unsigned char* raptor_qname_to_counted_name(raptor_qname* qname, size_t* length_p)
Get the formatted QName as a newly allocated counted string (if length_p is not NULL).
 

QNAME UTILITY FUNCTIONS

raptor_uri* raptor_qname_string_to_uri(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack, const unsigned char *name, size_t name_len, raptor_simple_message_handler error_handler, void *error_data)
Return the URI corresponding to the QName according to the RDF method; concatenating the namespace's name (URI) with the local name. Takes the same arguments as raptor_new_qname but does not create a raptor_qname object.
raptor_namespace* raptor_qname_get_namespace(raptor_qname* name)
Return the raptor_namespace used by the QName. Will never be NULL even for the default namespace in which case the URI of the returned namespace object will be NULL.
 

NAMESPACE CLASS

An XML namespace class - each entry is on a stack and consists of a name (URI) and prefix. The prefix or the name but not both may be empty. If the prefix is empty, it defines the default prefix. If the name is empty, it undefines the given prefix.  

NAMESPACE CONSTRUCTORS

raptor_namespace* raptor_new_namespace(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack, const unsigned char *prefix, const unsigned char *ns_uri_string, int depth)
raptor_namespace* raptor_new_namespace_from_uri(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack, const unsigned char *prefix, raptor_uri* ns_uri, int depth)
Create a new raptor_namespace object on the given namespace stack nstack with prefix prefix and namespace name either from URI string ns_uri_string or from copying URI ns_uri.

If prefix is NULL, it defines the URI for the default namespace prefix. If the namespace name (ns_uri_string or ns_uri) is NULL, it undefines the given prefix in the current scope. Both prefix and URI may be NULL to undefine the default namespace. depth signifies the position of the namespace on the stack; 0 is the bottom of the stack and generally the first depth for user namespace declarations.

Namespaces declared on the same depth (such as on the same XML element, typically) can be handily freed with raptor_namespaces_end_for_depth method on the namespace stack class.  

NAMESPACE DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_free_namespace(raptor_namespace *ns)
Destroy a raptor namespace object.
 

NAMESPACE METHODS

raptor_uri* raptor_namespace_get_uri(const raptor_namespace *ns)
Return the namespace name (URI) of the namespace.
const unsigned char* raptor_namespace_get_prefix(const raptor_namespace *ns)
Return the prefix of the namespace.
const unsigned char* raptor_namespace_get_counted_prefix(const raptor_namespace* ns, size_t* length_p)
Return the prefix of the namespace as a string with optional count stored in the variable address length_p if it is not NULL.
unsigned char *raptor_namespaces_format(const raptor_namespace *ns, size_t *length_p)
Format the namespace as a string and return it as a new string, returning the length of the resulting string in length_p if it is not NULL. The string format is suitable for emitting in XML to declare the namespace.
int raptor_iostream_write_namespace(raptor_iostream* iostr, raptor_namespace *ns)
Write a formatted namespace declaration like xmlns... to an iostream iostr.
 

NAMESPACE UTILITY FUNCTIONS

int raptor_namespace_copy(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack, raptor_namespace *ns, int new_depth)
Copy the namespace from the current stack to the new one, nstack at depth new_depth.
int raptor_new_namespace_parts_from_string(unsigned char *string, unsigned char **prefix, unsigned char **uri_string)
Parse string with an XML-style namespace declaration like xmlns="", xmlns="uri", xmlns:prefix="" or xmlns:prefix="uri" into the strings pointed to by prefix string and a uri_string. Empty prefixes or namespace names return NULL pointers. Returned strings must be freed by the caller using raptor_free_memory.
 

NAMESPACE STACK CLASS

A stack of raptor_namespace objects where the namespaces on top of the stack have wider scope and override earlier (lower) namespace declarations. Intended to match the XML namespace declaring semantics using xmlns attributes.  

NAMESPACE STACK CONSTRUCTORS

raptor_namespace_stack* raptor_new_namespaces(raptor_uri_handler *uri_handler, void *uri_context, raptor_simple_message_handler error_handler, void *error_data, int defaults)
int raptor_namespaces_init(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack, raptor_uri_handler *handler, void *context, raptor_simple_message_handler error_handler, void *error_data, int defaults)
Create or initialise a new raptor_namespace_stack object with the given URI and error handlers. raptor_namespaces_new allocates new memory for the namespace stack and raptor_namespaces_init initialises an existing declared nstack, which could be statically allocated. Note that raptor_uri_get_handler can be useful to return the current raptor URI handler/context. The defaults argument describes which default namespaces are declared in the empty stack. At present, 0 is none, 1 for just the XML namespace and 2 is for a typical set of namespaces used for RDF, RDFS, Dublin Core, OWL, ... that may vary over time.
In versions 1.4.16 or newer this returns an integer result, non-0 on failure.
 

NAMESPACE STACK DESTRUCTORS

void raptor_free_namespaces(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack)
Destroy a namespace stack object, freeing the nstack (goes with raptor_new_namespaces).
void raptor_namespaces_clear(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack)
Clear a statically allocated namespace stack; does not free the nstack. (goes with raptor_namespaces_init).
 

NAMESPACE STACK METHODS

void raptor_namespaces_start_namespace(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack, raptor_namespace *nspace)
Start the given nspace on the stack, at the depth already defined.
int raptor_namespaces_start_namespace_full(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack, const unsigned char *prefix, const unsigned char *nspace, int depth)
Create a new raptor_namespace and start it on the stack. See raptor_new_namespace for the meaning of the argumens.
void raptor_namespaces_end_for_depth(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack, int depth)
End (and free) all namespaces on the stack at the given depth.
raptor_namespace* raptor_namespaces_get_default_namespace (raptor_namespace_stack *nstack)
Return the current default raptor_namespace of the namespace stack or NULL if there is none.
raptor_namespace* raptor_namespaces_find_namespace_by_uri(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack, raptor_uri *ns_uri)
Find the first namespace on the stack with the given uri ns_uri or NULL if there is none.
raptor_namespace *raptor_namespaces_find_namespace_by_uri(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack, const unsigned char *prefix, int prefix_length)
Find the first namespace on the stack with the given namespace prefix or NULL if there is none.
int raptor_namespaces_namespace_in_scope(raptor_namespace_stack *nstack, const raptor_namespace *nspace)
Return non-zero if the raptor_namespace nspace is declared on the stack; i.e. in scope if this is a stack of XML namespaces.
 

NAMESPACE STACK UTILITY FUNCTIONS

raptor_qname* raptor_namespaces_qname_from_uri(raptor_namespace_stack* nstack, raptor_uri* uri, int xml_version)
Create a raptor QName from the URI uri if the URI is squal one of the namespace URIs on the namespace stack nstack URIs concatenated to a legal XML name for the given XML version. URIs are created and errors are reported using the namespace stack fields. Fails if it cannot be legally described with any of the namespaces.
 

SEQUENCE CLASS

A class for ordered sequences of items, adding at either end of the sequence. The method names should be familiar to Perl users.  

SEQUENCE CONSTRUCTOR

raptor_sequence* raptor_new_sequence(raptor_sequence_free_handler* free_handler, raptor_sequence_print_handler* print_handler)
Create a new empty sequence, with optional handler for freeing elements (as used by raptor_free_sequence and printing out elements (used by raptor_sequence_print).
 

SEQUENCE DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_free_sequence(raptor_sequence* seq)
Destoy a sequence object, freeing any items if the free handler was defined in the constructor.
 

SEQUENCE METHODS

int raptor_sequence_size(raptor_sequence* seq)
Return the number of items in the sequence.
int raptor_sequence_set_at(raptor_sequence* seq, int idx, void *data)
Set the sequence item at index idx to the value data, extending it if necessary.
int raptor_sequence_push(raptor_sequence* seq, void *data)
Add item data to the end of the sequence.
int raptor_sequence_shift(raptor_sequence* seq, void *data)
Add item data to the start of the sequence.
void* raptor_sequence_get_at(raptor_sequence* seq, int idx)
Get the sequence item at index idx or NULL if no such index exists.
void* raptor_sequence_pop(raptor_sequence* seq)
Remove and return an item from the end of the sequence, or NULL if is empty.
void* raptor_sequence_unshift(raptor_sequence* seq)
Remove and return an item from the start of the sequence, or NULL if is empty.
void raptor_sequence_sort(raptor_sequence* seq, int(*compare)(const void *, const void *))
Sort the sequence using the given comparison function compare which is passed to qsort(3) internally.
int raptor_compare_strings(const void *a, const void *b)
Helper function useful with raptor_sequence_sort.
void raptor_sequence_set_print_handler(raptor_sequence *seq, raptor_sequence_print_handler *print_handler)
Set the print handler for the sequence, an alternative to setting it in the constructor.
void raptor_sequence_print_string(char *data, FILE *fh)
Helper print handler function useful for printing out sequences of strings.
void raptor_sequence_print_uri(char *data, FILE *fh)
Helper print handler function useful for printing out sequences of raptor_uri* objects.
void raptor_sequence_print(raptor_sequence* seq, FILE* fh)
Print out the sequence in a debug format to the given file handler fh. NOTE: The exact format is not guaranteed to remain the same between releases.
int raptor_sequence_join(raptor_sequence* dest, raptor_sequence *src)
Join two sequences moving all items from sequence src to the end of sequence dest. After this operation, sequence src will be empty (zero size) but will have the same item capacity as before.
void* raptor_sequence_delete_at(raptor_sequence* seq, int idx)
Remove an item from position idx in the sequence, returning it.
 

STRINGBUFFER CLASS

A class for growing strings, small chunks at a time.  

STRINGBUFFER CONSTRUCTOR

raptor_stringbuffer* raptor_new_stringbuffer(void)
Create a new stringbuffer.
 

STRINGBUFFER DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_free_stringbuffer(raptor_stringbuffer* stringbuffer)
Destroy a stringbuffer.
 

STRINGBUFFER METHODS

int raptor_stringbuffer_append_counted_string(raptor_stringbuffer* stringbuffer, const unsigned char *string, size_t length, int do_copy)
Append a string of length bytes to a stringbuffer, copying it only if do_copy is non-0.
int raptor_stringbuffer_append_string(raptor_stringbuffer* stringbuffer, const unsigned char* string, int do_copy)
Append a string to a stringbuffer, copying it only if do_copy is non-0.
int raptor_stringbuffer_append_decimal(raptor_stringbuffer* stringbuffer, int integer)
Append a formatted decimal integer to a stringbuffer.
int raptor_stringbuffer_append_stringbuffer(raptor_stringbuffer* stringbuffer, raptor_stringbuffer* append)
Append a stringbuffer append to a stringbuffer. The append stringbuffer is emptied but not destroyed.
int raptor_stringbuffer_prepend_counted_string(raptor_stringbuffer* stringbuffer, const unsigned char* string, size_t length, int do_copy)
Prepend a string of length bytes to the start of a stringbuffer, copying it only if do_copy is non-0.
int raptor_stringbuffer_prepend_string(raptor_stringbuffer* stringbuffer, const unsigned char* string, int do_copy)
Prepend a string to the start of a stringbuffer, copying it only if do_copy is non-0.
unsigned char * raptor_stringbuffer_as_string(raptor_stringbuffer* stringbuffer)
Return the stringbuffer as a single string. The string is shared and should be copied if needed.
size_t raptor_stringbuffer_length(raptor_stringbuffer* stringbuffer)
Return the length of the stringbuffer.
int raptor_stringbuffer_copy_to_string(raptor_stringbuffer* stringbuffer, unsigned char *string, size_t length)
Copy the stringbuffer into a single string buffer string of size length. Returns non-0 on failure.
 

IOSTREAM CLASS

This class provides an I/O stream that can write to filenames, FILE*, strings and user-defined output via callbacks.  

IOSTREAM CONSTRUCTOR

raptor_iostream* raptor_new_iostream_from_handler2(void* context, const raptor_iostream_handler2 *handler)
Create a new raptor read or write iostream from a user-defined raptor_iostream_handler2 handler that is called with the passed-in context for the write operations.
raptor_iostream* raptor_new_iostream_from_handler(void* context, const raptor_iostream_handler *handler)
DEPRECATED in 1.4.17 - use raptor_new_iostream_from_handler2() with the new handler format. Create a new raptor read iostream from a user-defined raptor_iostream_handler handler that is called with the passed-in context for the write operations.
raptor_iostream* raptor_new_iostream_to_sink(void)
Create a new raptor write iostream that discards all written output.
raptor_iostream* raptor_new_iostream_to_filename(const char *filename)
Create a new raptor write iostream that creates and writes to a new file filename.
raptor_iostream* raptor_new_iostream_to_file_handle(FILE *handle)
Create a new raptor write iostream that creates and writes to an existing, already opened, C Standard I/O handle FILE* handle.
raptor_iostream* raptor_new_iostream_to_string(void **string_p, size_t *length_p, void *(*malloc_handler)(size_t size))
Create a new raptor write iostream which creates a new string once raptor_free_iostream is called. The new string pointer is written in string, the length in length_p (if not NULL) and the memory allocation is made using the malloc_handler, or if NULL, raptor's default memory allocator.
raptor_iostream* raptor_new_iostream_from_sink(void)
Create a new raptor read iostream that is immediately finished and returns end of file.
raptor_iostream* raptor_new_iostream_from_filename(const char *filename)
Create a new raptor read iostream from an existing file filename.
raptor_iostream* raptor_new_iostream_from_file_handle(FILE *handle)
Create a new raptor read iostream from an already opened, C Standard I/O handle FILE* handler.
raptor_iostream* raptor_new_iostream_from_string(void *string, size_t length)
Create a new raptor read iostream reading from an existing string of length bytes.
 

IOSTREAM DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_free_iostream(raptor_iostream *iostr)
Destroy a Raptor iostream object.
 

IOSTREAM METHODS

int raptor_iostream_write_bytes(raptor_iostream *iostr, const void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb)
Write a counted set of elements to an iostream. Inmemb is the count of elements of size size, starting at memory ptr. Similar to fwrite(3) and write(2).
int raptor_iostream_write_byte(raptor_iostream *iostr, const int byte)
Write a single byte an iostream. Similar to fputc(3).
void raptor_iostream_write_end(raptor_iostream *iostr)
Finish writing to an iostream.
int raptor_iostream_write_string(raptor_iostream *iostr, const void *string)
Write a NUL-terminated string to an iostream. Similar to fputs(3).
int raptor_iostream_write_counted_string(raptor_iostream *iostr, const void *string, size_t len)
Write a string of length len to an iostream.
unsigned long raptor_iostream_tell(raptor_iostream *iostr)
Return the byte offset into the iostream.
size_t raptor_iostream_get_bytes_written_count(raptor_iostream *iostr)
DEPRECATED in 1.4.17 for raptor_iostream_tell(). Return the number of bytes written so far to the iostream.
int raptor_iostream_write_decimal(raptor_iostream *iostr, int integer)
Write a decimal formatted integer integer to the iostream.
int raptor_iostream_format_hexadecimal(raptor_iostream *iostr, unsigned int integer, int width)
Write a hexadecimal formatted unsigned integer to the iostream, left-padded with '0's to width columns.
int raptor_iostream_write_stringbuffer(raptor_iostream* iostr, raptor_stringbuffer *sb)
Write the stringbuffer to an iostream iostr.
int raptor_iostream_read_bytes(raptor_iostream* iostr, void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb)
Read bytes from the iostream into buffer ptr up to nmemb elements of size size.
int raptor_iostream_read_eof(raptor_iostream *iostr)
Return non-0 if the iostream is finished.
 

XML SAX2 READER CLASS

This class provides the functionality to generate SAX2 events from parsing XML content, including XML namespace support.  

XML SAX2 CONSTRUCTOR

raptor_sax2* raptor_new_sax2(void *user_data, raptor_error_handlers* error_handlers)
Create a new SAX2 XML reader with the given error handler object.
 

XML WRITER DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_free_sax2(raptor_sax2 *sax2)
Destroy a SAX2 XML reader object.
 

SAX2 SET HANDLER METHODS

void raptor_sax2_set_start_element_handler(raptor_sax2 *sax2, raptor_sax2_start_element_handler handler)
Set the SAX2 start element handler.
void raptor_sax2_set_end_element_handler(raptor_sax2 *sax2, raptor_sax2_end_element_handler handler)
Set the SAX2 end element handler.
void raptor_sax2_set_characters_handler(raptor_sax2 *sax2, raptor_sax2_characters_handler handler)
Set the SAX2 character data element handler.
void raptor_sax2_set_cdata_handler(raptor_sax2 *sax2, raptor_sax2_cdata_handler handler)
Set the SAX2 CDATA section element handler.
void raptor_sax2_set_comment_handler(raptor_sax2 *sax2, raptor_sax2_comment_handler handler)
Set the SAX2 XML comment handler.
void raptor_sax2_set_unparsed_entity_decl_handler(raptor_sax2 *sax2, raptor_sax2_unparsed_entity_decl_handler handler)
Set the SAX2 XML unparsed entity declaration handler.
void raptor_sax2_set_external_entity_ref_handler(raptor_sax2 *sax2, raptor_sax2_external_entity_ref_handler handler)
Set the SAX2 XML external entity reference handler.
void raptor_sax2_set_namespace_handler(raptor_sax2 *sax2, raptor_namespace_handler handler)
Set the SAX2 XML namespace declaration handler when an XML namespace is declared.
 

SAX2 PARSING METHODS

void raptor_sax2_parse_start(raptor_sax2 *sax2, raptor_uri *base_uri)
Start a SAX2 parse of XML content with the base URI uri.
int raptor_sax2_parse_chunk(raptor_sax2 *sax2, const unsigned char *buffer, size_t len, int is_end)
Parse the XML content in buffer of size len returning SAX2 events via handlers. If is_end is non-zero, it indicates the end of the parsing. This method can only be called after raptor_sax2_parse_start().
 

SAX2 SCOPE METHODS

const unsigned char* raptor_sax2_inscope_xml_language(raptor_sax2 *sax2)
Get the current in-scope XML language (xml:lang) value.
raptor_uri* raptor_sax2_inscope_base_uri(raptor_sax2 *sax2)
Get the current in-scope Base URI (xml:base or document or protocol) value.
 

XML ELEMENT CLASS

This class provides an XML element that can be used with the XML Writer Class to generate XML documents.  

XML ELEMENT CONSTRUCTORS

raptor_xml_element* raptor_new_xml_element(raptor_qname* name, const unsigned char* xml_language, raptor_uri* xml_base)
Create a new XML element with the element name name in the context of xml:lang xml_language and base URI xml_base.
raptor_xml_element* raptor_new_xml_element_from_namespace_local_name(raptor_namespace *ns, const unsigned char *name, const unsigned char* xml_language, raptor_uri* xml_base
Create a new XML element based on the given XML namespace and localname in the context of xml:lang xml_languageFP and base URI xml_base.
 

XML ELEMENT DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_free_xml_element(raptor_xml_element *element)
Destroy a XML element object.
 

XML ELEMENT METHODS

raptor_qname* raptor_xml_element_get_name(raptor_xml_element* xml_element)
Get the XML element QName of XML element xml_element.
void raptor_xml_element_set_attributes(raptor_xml_element* xml_element, raptor_qname **attributes, int count)
Set the attributes on XML element xml_element to the array of QNames in array attributes of size count.
raptor_qname** raptor_xml_element_get_attributes(raptor_xml_element* xml_element)
Get the attributes of an XML element xml_element as an array of QNames. As set by void raptor_xml_element_set_attributes.
int raptor_xml_element_get_attributes_count(raptor_xml_element* xml_element)
Get the number of attributes of an XML element xml_element as set by void raptor_xml_element_set_attributes.
int raptor_xml_element_declare_namespace(raptor_xml_element* xml_element, raptor_namespace* nspace)
Declare an XML namespace nspace expliclitly on XML element xml_element. Namespaces used in the element or attribute names are automatically declared, this method allows additional ones to be done.
int raptor_xml_element_is_empty(raptor_xml_element* xml_element)
Return non-0 if the XML element is empty.
int raptor_iostream_write_xml_element(raptor_iostream* iostr, raptor_xml_element *element, raptor_namespace_stack* nstack, int is_empty, int is_end, raptor_simple_message_handler error_handler, void* error_data, int depth)
Write a XML element xml_element to iostream ostr. This is done in context of an XML namespace stack nstack and at depth depth in the stack (see Namespace class constructors).
The element may be an empty element if is_empty is non-zero or may be a close element if is_end is non-zero (else is a start element). The error_handler method along with error_data allow error reporting to be given.
const unsigned char* raptor_xml_element_get_language(raptor_xml_element* xml_element)
Get the xml:lang language of the XML element.
 

XML WRITER CLASS

This class provides the functionality to generate simple XML documents consisting of elements with attributes, character data and comments. The documents can be written to an iostream.  

XML WRITER CONSTRUCTOR

raptor_xml_writer* raptor_new_xml_writer(raptor_namespace_stack* nstack, raptor_uri_handler* uri_handler, void* uri_context, raptor_iostream* iostr, raptor_simple_message_handler error_handler, void *error_data, int canonicalize)
Create a new XML Writer writing to iostream iostr. The error_handler method along with error_data allow error reporting to be given. nstack is either an existing namespace stack to be used or if NULL, a new one with only the XML namespace defined is created. Note that raptor_uri_get_handler can be useful to return the current raptor URI handler/context. canonicalize is currently unused and should be set to 1 but may allow non-canonical XML writing to be allowed in future.
 

XML WRITER DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_free_xml_writer(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer)
Destroy a XML Writer object.
 

XML WRITER METHODS

void raptor_xml_writer_empty_element(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer, raptor_xml_element *element)
Write XML element element as an empty element (no element content) to the XML Writer xml_writer.
void raptor_xml_writer_start_element(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer, raptor_xml_element *element)
Write a start element along with an attributes and namespace declarations for XML element element to the XML Writer xml_writer.
void raptor_xml_writer_end_element(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer, raptor_xml_element *element)
Write an end element form for XML element element to the XML Writer xml_writer.
void raptor_xml_writer_cdata(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer, const unsigned char *str)
Write XML character data in str to the XML Writer xml_writer. The characters in str will be XML escaped.
void raptor_xml_writer_cdata_counted(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer, const unsigned char* str, unsigned int length)
Write XML character data in str of length length to the XML Writer xml_writer. The characters in str will be XML escaped.
void raptor_xml_writer_raw(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer, const unsigned char* str)
Write character data in str length to the XML Writer xml_writer without XML escaping.
void raptor_xml_writer_raw_counted(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer, const unsigned char* str, unsigned int length)
Write character data in str of length length to the XML Writer xml_writer without XML escaping.
void raptor_xml_writer_comment(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer, const unsigned char* str)
Write an XML comment in str to the XML Writer xml_writer.
void raptor_xml_writer_comment_counted(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer, const unsigned char* str, unsigned int length)
Write an XML comment in str of length length to the XML Writer xml_writer.
int raptor_xml_writer_features_enumerate(const raptor_feature feature, const char **name, raptor_uri **uri, const char **label)
Return the name, URI, string label (all optional) for an XML write feature, returning non-zero if no such feature exists.

Raptor features have URIs that are constructed from the URI http://feature.librdf.org/raptor- and the name so for example feature scanForRDF has URI http://feature.librdf.org/raptor-scanForRDF

int raptor_xml_writer_set_feature(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer, raptor_feature feature, int value)
Set an XML writer feature feature to a particular value. Returns non 0 on failure or if the feature is unknown. The current defined writer features are:
  Feature                                 Values
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_WRITER_AUTO_INDENT       Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_WRITER_AUTO_EMPTY        Boolean (non 0 true)
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_WRITER_INDENT_WIDTH      Integer
  RAPTOR_FEATURE_WRITER_XML_DECLARATION   Boolean (non 0 true)

If the writer_auto_indent feature is set (default true), the XML writer will automatically indent the output.

If the writer_auto_empty feature is set (default true), the XML writer will automatically generate empty elements if a start/end element sequence has no content.

If the writer_indent_width feature is set (default 2) if the XML writer is outputing indented XML, it will use that many spaces.

If the writer_xml_declaration feature is set (default true) the XML declaration is written at the start of serialized XML.

int raptor_xml_writer_set_feature_string(raptor_xml_writer *xml_writer, raptor_feature feature, const unsigned char *value)
Set an XML writer feature feature to a particular string value. Returns non 0 on failure or if the feature is unknown. The current defined XML writer features are given in raptor_xml_writer_set_feature and at present only take integer values. If an integer value feature is set with this function, value is interpreted as an integer and then that value is used.
int raptor_xml_writer_get_feature(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer, raptor_feature feature)
Get XML writer feature integer values. The allowed feature values and types are given under raptor_xml_writer_features_enumerate.
const unsigned char *raptor_xml_writer_get_feature_string(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer, raptor_feature feature)
Get XML writer feature string values. The allowed feature values and types are given under raptor_xml_writer_features_enumerate.
int raptor_xml_writer_get_depth(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer)
Get the current XML writer element stack depth.
void raptor_xml_writer_flush(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer)
Flush the XML writer output for any pending writes.
void raptor_xml_writer_newline(raptor_xml_writer* xml_writer)
Write a newline to the XML writer (which may trigger indenting before the next item).
 

WORLD CLASS

This class stores the library state and configuration. It will be the main class for initialsiing and configuring the library in Raptor 2.0.  

WORLD CLASS CONSTRUCTOR

raptor_world* raptor_new_world(void)
Create a new raptor library object.
 

WORLD CLASS DESTRUCTOR

void raptor_free_world(raptor_world* world)
Destroy a raptor library object and free all resources.
 

WORLD CLASS METHODS

int raptor_world_open(raptor_world* world)
Start using a raptor library - allocate any dependent resources. This is optional.
void raptor_world_set_libxslt_security_preferences(raptor_world *world, void *security_preferences)
See raptor_set_libxslt_security_preferences() description.
void raptor_world_set_libxml_flags(raptor_world *world, int flags)
See raptor_set_libxml_flags() description.
 

API CHANGES

 

1.4.21

No changes.  

1.4.20

No changes.  

1.4.19

Added raptor_world class to prepare for V2 API with constructor raptor_new_world(), destructor raptor_free_world() and methods raptor_world_open(), raptor_world_set_libxslt_security_preferences() and raptor_world_set_libxml_flags().

The raptor_identifier, raptor_error_handlers structs both gained a raptor_world* pointer field.

Added raptor_set_libxslt_security_preferences() and raptor_set_libxml_flags().

Added raptor_libxml_flags enum for flags for raptor_world_set_libxml_flags() and raptor_set_libxml_flags().

Added RAPTOR_FEATURE_PREFIX_ELEMENTS

 

1.4.18

Added atom serializer

Added rdfa parser

Added serializer features RAPTOR_FEATURE_RSS_TRIPLES and RAPTOR_FEATURE_ATOM_ENTRY_URI

Added raptor_qname_to_counted_name()

Added raptor_serialize_start_to_iostream()

Added raptor_sequence_delete_at()

Added raptor_xml_writer_newline()

Added raptor_xml_writer_flush()

Added raptor_xml_writer_get_depth()  

1.4.17

Added SAX2 class raptor_sax2. Added new SAX2 API typedefs: raptor_sax2_start_element_handler, raptor_sax2_end_element_handler, raptor_sax2_characters_handler, raptor_sax2_cdata_handler, raptor_sax2_comment_handler, raptor_sax2_unparsed_entity_decl_handler and raptor_sax2_external_entity_ref_handler. Added new SAX2 API functions: raptor_new_sax2(), raptor_free_sax2(), raptor_sax2_set_start_element_handler(), raptor_sax2_set_end_element_handler(), raptor_sax2_set_characters_handler(), raptor_sax2_set_cdata_handler(), raptor_sax2_set_comment_handler(), raptor_sax2_set_unparsed_entity_decl_handler(), raptor_sax2_set_external_entity_ref_handler(), raptor_sax2_set_namespace_handler(), raptor_sax2_parse_start(), raptor_sax2_parse_chunk(), raptor_sax2_inscope_xml_language() and raptor_sax2_inscope_base_uri()

Added features RAPTOR_FEATURE_WRITE_BASE_URI, RAPTOR_FEATURE_WWW_HTTP_CACHE_CONTROL, RAPTOR_FEATURE_WWW_HTTP_USER_AGENT, RAPTOR_FEATURE_JSON_CALLBACK and RAPTOR_FEATURE_JSON_EXTRA_DATA

Added raptor_handler_closure structure for error handlers.

Added raptor_statement_compare()

Added raptor_iostream_write_string_python() and deprecated raptor_iostream_write_string_turtle()

raptor_uri_set_handler(), raptor_uri_get_handler(), raptor_new_namespaces(), raptor_namespaces_init() and raptor_new_xml_writer() now take const handler pointers.

Added raptor_www_set_http_cache_control()

Added QName class methods: raptor_qname_get_local_name(), raptor_qname_get_value() and raptor_qname_get_counted_value()

Added raptor_iostream read handler typedefs raptor_iostream_read_bytes_func, raptor_iostream_read_eof_func and added new structure raptor_iostream_handler2 replacing deprecated raptor_iostream_handler.

Added raptor_new_iostream_from_handler2() replacing deprecated raptor_new_iostream_from_handler()

Added raptor_new_iostream_from_sink(), raptor_new_iostream_from_filename(), raptor_new_iostream_from_file_handle() and raptor_new_iostream_from_string().

Added raptor_iostream_tell deprecating raptor_iostream_get_bytes_written_count().

Added raptor_iostream_read_bytes() and raptor_iostream_read_eof().

Added raptor_xml_element_get_language().

Added new enum raptor_log_level.

Added new typedef raptor_error_handlers. and new function raptor_error_handlers_init().  

1.4.16

raptor_namespaces_init() now returns an integer status

Added raptor_new_xml_element_from_namespace_local_name()

Added raptor_uri_compare().

Added new features for the 'grddl' parser: RAPTOR_FEATURE_HTML_TAG_SOUP, RAPTOR_FEATURE_MICROFORMATS and RAPTOR_FEATURE_HTML_LINK.

Added parser feature RAPTOR_FEATURE_WWW_TIMEOUT

Added raptor_graph_handler typedef and raptor_set_graph_handler()

Added raptor_www_final_uri_handler typedef and raptor_www_set_final_uri_handler()

Added raptor_www_set_connection_timeout()

Added raptor_www_get_final_uri()  

1.4.15

No changes.  

1.4.14

Add two new exported strings raptor_license_string and raptor_home_url_string.

Added new features for the 'dot' serializer: RAPTOR_FEATURE_RESOURCE_BORDER, RAPTOR_FEATURE_LITERAL_BORDER, RAPTOR_FEATURE_BNODE_BORDER, RAPTOR_FEATURE_RESOURCE_FILL, RAPTOR_FEATURE_LITERAL_FILL and RAPTOR_FEATURE_BNODE_FILL

Added raptor_parser_generate_id()

Added raptor_iostream_write_string_turtle()  

1.4.13

No API changes.  

1.4.12

No API changes.  

1.4.11

Added raptor_get_feature_count()

Added raptor_get_need_base_uri()

Added parser feature RAPTOR_FEATURE_NO_NET

Added raptor_www_set_uri_filter(), raptor_parser_set_uri_filter() with filter type raptor_uri_filter_func  

1.4.10

No API changes.  

1.4.9

Added raptor_parser_get_accept_header()

Added raptor_xml_element_is_empty()

Added raptor_qname_get_namespace()

Added raptor_iostream_write_uri()

Added raptor_namespaces_qname_from_uri().

Added raptor_namespace_get_counted_prefix()

Added raptor_serialize_set_namespace_from_namespace()

Deprecated raptor_uri_is_file_uri() for new raptor_uri_string_is_file_uri().

Added raptor_xml_element_get_attributes() and raptor_xml_element_get_attributes_count()  

1.4.8

Added raptor_set_namespace_handler().

Added XML 1.1 serializing support, feature RAPTOR_FEATURE_WRITER_XML_VERSION with shortname xmlVersion for serializer and xml writer classes to support it. Added XML writer feature RAPTOR_FEATURE_WRITER_XML_DECLARATION to control generation of the XML declaration. Added new functions raptor_xml_any_escape_string() and raptor_iostream_write_xml_any_escaped_string() to allow generating XML 1.1 or XML 1.0.

RAPTOR_IDENTIFIER_TYPE_PREDICATE will no longer be generated from version 1.4.9 onwards as the type of returned statement predicates. RAPTOR_IDENTIFIER_TYPE_RESOURCE will be returned.

RAPTOR_IDENTIFIER_TYPE_ORDINAL may no longer be generated from version 1.4.9 onwards, RAPTOR_IDENTIFIER_TYPE_RESOURCE may replace it.  

1.4.7

No changes.  

1.4.6

No changes.  

1.4.5

Deprecated raptor_ntriples_string_as_utf8_string() (never documented above) since it can only work with a raptor_parser object which makes it rather unusable alone.

Added XML writer features and support functions raptor_xml_writer_features_enumerate(), raptor_xml_writer_set_feature(), raptor_xml_writer_set_feature_string(), raptor_xml_writer_get_feature() and raptor_xml_writer_get_feature_string()  

1.4.3

Added XML Writer class (raptor_xml_writer) and XML Element class (raptor_xml_element)

Added raptor_parser_get_feature_string(), raptor_parser_set_feature_string(), raptor_serializer_set_feature_string(), raptor_serializer_get_feature_string() and raptor_feature_value_type().

Added raptor_serializer_set_namespace, raptor_serializer_set_feature() and raptor_serializer_get_feature().

Added raptor_new_namespace_from_uri(), raptor_new_namespace_parts_from_string(), Added raptor_namespaces_find_namespace_by_uri(). and raptor_iostream_write_namespace() to write a namespace declaration to an iostream.

Added copy constructor raptor_qname_copy() and raptor_iostream_write_qname() to write a qname to an iostream.

Added raptor_sequence_join() to join two sequences, leaving one empty.

Added raptor_iostream_write_stringbuffer() to write a stringbuffer to an iostream.

Added N-Triples raptor_iostream_write_string_ntriples() and raptor_iostream_write_statement_ntriples() utility functions for writing to raptor_iostreams.

Added raptor_uri_to_relative_counted_uri_string(), raptor_uri_to_relative_uri_string(). raptor_uri_print(), raptor_uri_to_counted_string() and raptor_uri_to_string()

Added unicode name checking utility functions for XML 1.0 and XML 1.1 name starting character and continued name character. raptor_unicode_is_xml10_namestartchar raptor_unicode_is_xml10_namechar, raptor_unicode_is_xml11_namechar and raptor_unicode_is_xml11_namestartchar.

Added raptor_xml_name_check to check if a name is a legal XML 1.0 or 1.0 name. and raptor_iostream_write_xml_escaped_string to write an XML-escaped string to an iostream.

Added UTF8-checking utility function raptor_utf8_check.  

1.4.2

No changes.  

1.4.1

The raptor_xml_escape_string now returns <0 on failure rather than 0, so that if an empty string is escaped, 0 bytes required is returned.  

1.4.0

Added new raptor_serializer class supporting RDF/XML (name rdfxml) and N-Triples (name ntriples).
Added new raptor_iostream class
Added raptor_stringbuffer_copy_to_string to allow efficient copy-out of a constructed string.
Added raptor_www_fetch_to_string to allow retrieving of web content as a single string.  

1.3.3

Added raptor_calloc_memory to provide a calloc inside raptor.
Added feature check_rdf_id (see raptor_set_feature documentation).  

1.3.2

Added raptor_alloc_memory to allocate memory inside raptor.

Added accessor functions for the public raptor_locator structure:

raptor_locator_line
raptor_locator_column
raptor_locator_byte
raptor_locator_file
raptor_locator_uri  

1.3.1

Correct raptor_print_statement declaration argument statement to have one less 'const', to match the code.  

1.3.0

Added the following parser methods, utility methods and helper functions:

raptor_new_parser_for_content (Parser class constructor)
raptor_get_mime_type
raptor_get_feature
raptor_syntax_name_check
raptor_guess_parser_name
raptor_features_enumerate
raptor_feature_from_uri
raptor_www_set_http_accept (WWW class)

Changed raptor_set_feature to now return an int success or failure.

Added the following functions:
raptor_free_memory
raptor_unicode_char_to_utf8
raptor_utf8_to_unicode_char
raptor_vsnprintf

Added the raptor_sequence class, its constructor, destructor, methods and helper functions.

Added the raptor_stringbuffer class and constructor, destructor and methods.

Deprecated raptor_print_statement_detailed always intended to be internal.  

1.2.0

Added raptor_syntaxes_enumerate to get full information on syntax mime type and URIs as well as name and label.

N-Triples Plus parser renamed to Turtle (name turtle)  

1.1.0

Added N-Triples Plus parser (name ntriples-plus)

Made URI class constructors, methods and factory methods as well as some other utility functions using or returning URIs or literals take unsigned char* rather than char*. The affected calls are:

URI factory methods changed to all take/return unsigned char* for URI strings:
raptor_new_uri_func
raptor_new_uri_from_local_name_func
raptor_new_uri_relative_to_base_func
raptor_uri_as_string_func
raptor_uri_as_counted_string_func

Constructors and methods changed to take/return unsigned char* for URI strings:
raptor_statement_part_as_counted_string
raptor_statement_part_as_string
raptor_new_uri
raptor_new_uri_from_uri_local_name
raptor_new_uri_relative_to_base
raptor_uri_as_string
raptor_uri_as_counted_string
raptor_print_ntriples_string

Changed to use unsigned char* for URI strings, char* for filenames:
raptor_uri_resolve_uri_reference
raptor_uri_filename_to_uri_string
raptor_uri_uri_string_to_filename
raptor_uri_uri_string_to_filename_fragment
raptor_uri_is_file_uri

Changed to return unsigned char* for UTF8 string:
raptor_ntriples_string_as_utf8_string

Added raptor_parsers_enumerate to discover supported parsers.

Added raptor_uri_uri_string_to_filename_fragment with fragment arg to return the URI fragment.

Made the raptor_namespace, raptor_namespace_stack and raptor_qname class and APIs public.

Added feature non_nfc_fatal (see raptor_set_feature documentation).  

1.0.0

Removed the following deprecated methods and functions (see 0.9.6 changes for the new names):
raptor_free, raptor_new, raptor_ntriples_free, raptor_ntriples_new, raptor_ntriples_parse_file, raptor_ntriples_set_error_handler, raptor_ntriples_set_fatal_error_handler, raptor_ntriples_set_statement_handler and raptor_parser_abort.

Added raptor_parse_file_stream for reading FILE* streams without necessarily having a file.  

0.9.12

Added raptor_new_uri_for_retrieval to turn URI references into URIs suitable for retrieval (no fragments).  

0.9.11

Added raptor_get_name and raptor_get_label.

raptor_xml_escape_string now takes error message handler, data pointer, loses parser argument.

Added raptor_set_default_generate_id_parameters and raptor_set_generate_id_handler to control the default generation of IDs, allow full customisation.  

0.9.10

Added raptor_set_parser_strict and raptor_www_no_www_library_init_finish.

raptor_xml_escape_string now takes an output string length pointer.

Added raptor_statement_part_as_counted_string, raptor_statement_part_as_string and raptor_parse_abort.

Deprecated raptor_parser_abort.  

0.9.9

Added raptor_www class and all its constructors, destructor, methods, calls.

Added raptor_parse_uri, raptor_parser_abort, raptor_ntriples_term_as_string and raptor_xml_escape_string.  

0.9.7

raptor_parse_chunk, raptor_new_uri_from_id, arguments are now unsigned char.

Added raptor_new_uri_for_xmlbase.  

0.9.6

In this version, the raptor/ntriples parser calling APIs were modified. The following table lists the changes:

OLD API                                 NEW API (0.9.6+)

raptor_new()                            raptor_new_parser("rdfxml")

ntriples_new()                          raptor_new_parser("ntriples")

raptor_free                             raptor_free_parser

ntriples_free                           raptor_ntriples_parser

raptor_ntriples_parse_file              raptor_parse_file

raptor_ntriples_set_error_handler       raptor_set_error_handler

raptor_ntriples_set_fatal_error_handler raptor_set_fatal_error_handler

raptor_ntriples_set_statement_handler   raptor_set_statement_handler

 

CONFORMING TO

RDF/XML Syntax (Revised), Dave Beckett (ed.) W3C Recommendation, http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar/

N-Triples, in RDF Test Cases, Jan Grant and Dave Beckett (eds.) W3C Recommendation, http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-testcases/#ntriples

Turtle - Terse RDF Triple Language, Dave Beckett, http://www.dajobe.org/2004/01/turtle/

RSS 0.91 spec revision 3, Dan Libby, Netscape, http://my.netscape.com/publish/formats/rss-spec-0.91.html

RDF Site Summary (RSS) 1.0, http://purl.org/rss/1.0/spec

Atom 1.0 syndication format, RFC 4287, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4287.txt

Gleaning Resource Descriptions from Dialects of Languages (GRDDL), Dan Connolly (ed.), W3C Recommendation, 2007-09-11, http://www.w3.org/TR/2007/REC-grddl-20070911/

RDFa in XHTML: Syntax and Processing, Ben Adida, Mark Birbeck, Shane McCarron, Steven Pemberton (eds.)
 W3C Recommendation, 2008-10-14, http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/REC-rdfa-syntax-20081014/

 

SEE ALSO

rapper(1),raptor-config(1)  

AUTHOR

Dave Beckett - http://www.dajobe.org/


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
LIBRARY INITIALISATION AND CLEANUP
PARSER CLASS
PARSER CONSTRUCTORS
PARSER DESTRUCTOR
PARSER MESSAGE CALLBACK METHODS
PARSER STATEMENT CALLBACK METHOD
PARSER PARSING METHODS
PARSER CHUNKED PARSING METHODS
PARSER UTILITY METHODS
PARSER UTILITY FUNCTIONS
STATEMENT UTILITY FUNCTIONS
LOCATOR UTILITY FUNCTIONS
N-TRIPLES UTILITY FUNCTIONS
XML UTILITY FUNCTIONS
MEMORY UTILITY FUNCTIONS
UNICODE UTILITY FUNCTIONS
ERROR UTILITY FUNCTIONS
MISCELLANEOUS UTILITY FUNCTIONS
STATIC VARIABLES
SERIALIZER CLASS
SERIALIZER CONSTRUCTOR
SERIALIZER DESTRUCTOR
SERIALIZER SERIALIZING METHODS
SERIALIZER UTILITY METHODS
SERIALIZER UTILITY FUNCTIONS
URI CLASS
URI CONSTRUCTORS
URI DESTRUCTOR
URI METHODS
URI UTILITY FUNCTIONS
URI CLASS IMPLEMENTATION
WWW CLASS
WWW CLASS INITIALISATION AND CLEANUP
WWW CONSTRUCTORS
WWW DESTRUCTOR
WWW METHODS
WWW ACTION METHODS
QNAME CLASS
QNAME CONSTRUCTORS
QNAME DESTRUCTOR
QNAME METHODS
QNAME UTILITY FUNCTIONS
NAMESPACE CLASS
NAMESPACE CONSTRUCTORS
NAMESPACE DESTRUCTOR
NAMESPACE METHODS
NAMESPACE UTILITY FUNCTIONS
NAMESPACE STACK CLASS
NAMESPACE STACK CONSTRUCTORS
NAMESPACE STACK DESTRUCTORS
NAMESPACE STACK METHODS
NAMESPACE STACK UTILITY FUNCTIONS
SEQUENCE CLASS
SEQUENCE CONSTRUCTOR
SEQUENCE DESTRUCTOR
SEQUENCE METHODS
STRINGBUFFER CLASS
STRINGBUFFER CONSTRUCTOR
STRINGBUFFER DESTRUCTOR
STRINGBUFFER METHODS
IOSTREAM CLASS
IOSTREAM CONSTRUCTOR
IOSTREAM DESTRUCTOR
IOSTREAM METHODS
XML SAX2 READER CLASS
XML SAX2 CONSTRUCTOR
XML WRITER DESTRUCTOR
SAX2 SET HANDLER METHODS
SAX2 PARSING METHODS
SAX2 SCOPE METHODS
XML ELEMENT CLASS
XML ELEMENT CONSTRUCTORS
XML ELEMENT DESTRUCTOR
XML ELEMENT METHODS
XML WRITER CLASS
XML WRITER CONSTRUCTOR
XML WRITER DESTRUCTOR
XML WRITER METHODS
WORLD CLASS
WORLD CLASS CONSTRUCTOR
WORLD CLASS DESTRUCTOR
WORLD CLASS METHODS
API CHANGES
1.4.21
1.4.20
1.4.19
1.4.18
1.4.17
1.4.16
1.4.15
1.4.14
1.4.13
1.4.12
1.4.11
1.4.10
1.4.9
1.4.8
1.4.7
1.4.6
1.4.5
1.4.3
1.4.2
1.4.1
1.4.0
1.3.3
1.3.2
1.3.1
1.3.0
1.2.0
1.1.0
1.0.0
0.9.12
0.9.11
0.9.10
0.9.9
0.9.7
0.9.6
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:49:20 GMT, April 16, 2011