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MPI_Keyval_create

MPI_Keyval_create

Section: Open MPI (3) Updated: Oct 05, 2010
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NAME

MPI_Keyval_create - Generates a new attribute key -- use of this routine is deprecated.

 

SYNTAX

 

C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>
int MPI_Keyval_create(MPI_Copy_function *copy_fn,
        MPI_Delete_function *delete_fn, int *keyval, void *extra_state)

 

Fortran Syntax

INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
MPI_KEYVAL_CREATE(COPY_FN, DELETE_FN, KEYVAL, EXTRA_STATE, IERROR)
        EXTERNAL        COPY_FN, DELETE_FN
        INTEGER KEYVAL, EXTRA_STATE, IERROR


 

INPUT PARAMETERS

copy_fn
Copy callback function for keyval.
delete_fn
Delete callback function for keyval.
extra_state
Extra state for callback functions.

 

OUTPUT PARAMETERS

keyval
Key value for future access (integer).
IERROR
Fortran only: Error status (integer).

 

DESCRIPTION

Note that use of this routine is deprecated as of MPI-2. Please use MPI_Comm_create_keyval instead.

This deprecated routine is not available in C++.

Generates a new attribute key. Keys are locally unique in a process and opaque to the user, though they are explicitly stored in integers. Once allocated, the key value can be used to associate attributes and access them on any locally defined communicator.

The copy_fn function is invoked when a communicator is duplicated by MPI_COMM_DUP. copy_fn should be of type MPI_Copy_function, which is defined as follows:

  typedef int MPI_Copy_function(MPI_Comm oldcomm, int keyval, 
                                void *extra_state, void *attribute_val_in, 
                                void *attribute_val_out, int *flag)

A Fortran declaration for such a function is as follows:

  SUBROUTINE COPY_FUNCTION(OLDCOMM, KEYVAL, EXTRA_STATE, ATTRIBUTE_VAL_IN,
              ATTRIBUTE_VAL_OUT, FLAG, IERR)
  INTEGER OLDCOMM, KEYVAL, EXTRA_STATE,
  ATTRIBUTE_VAL_IN, ATTRIBUTE_VAL_OUT, IERR 
  LOGICAL FLAG 

The copy callback function is invoked for each key value in oldcomm in arbitrary order. Each call to the copy callback is made with a key value and its corresponding attribute. If it returns flag = 0, then the attribute is deleted in the duplicated communicator. Otherwise ( flag = 1), the new attribute value is set to the value returned in attribute_val_out. The function returns MPI_SUCCESS on success and an error code on failure (in which case MPI_Comm_dup will fail).

copy_fn may be specified as MPI_NULL_COPY_FN or MPI_DUP_FN from either C or Fortran; MPI_NULL_COPY_FN is a function that does nothing other than return flag = 0, and MPI_SUCCESS. MPI_DUP_FN is a simple-minded copy function that sets flag = 1, returns the value of attribute_val_in in attribute_val_out, and returns MPI_SUCCESS.

 

NOTES

Key values are global (available for any and all communicators).

There are subtle differences between C and Fortran that require that the copy_fn be written in the same language that MPI_Keyval_create is called from. This should not be a problem for most users; only programmers using both Fortran and C in the same program need to be sure that they follow this rule.

Even though both formal arguments attribute_val_in and attribute_val_out are of type void*, their usage differs. The C copy function is passed by MPI in attribute_val_in the value of the attribute, and in attribute_val_out the address of the attribute, so as to allow the function to return the (new) attribute value. The use of type void* for both is to avoid messy type casts.

A valid copy function is one that completely duplicates the information by making a full duplicate copy of the data structures implied by an attribute; another might just make another reference to that data structure, while using a reference-count mechanism. Other types of attributes might not copy at all (they might be specific to oldcomm only).

Analogous to copy_fn is a callback deletion function, defined as follows. The delete_fn function is invoked when a communicator is deleted by MPI_Comm_free or when a call is made explicitly to MPI_Attr_delete. delete_fn should be of type MPI_Delete_function, which is defined as follows:

  typedef int MPI_Delete_function(MPI_Comm comm, int keyval, 
      void *attribute_val, void *extra_state); 

A Fortran declaration for such a function is as follows:

  SUBROUTINE DELETE_FUNCTION(COMM, KEYVAL,ATTRIBUTE_VAL, EXTRA_STATE, IERR)
      INTEGER COMM, KEYVAL, ATTRIBUTE_VAL, EXTRA_STATE, IERR 

This function is called by MPI_Comm_free, MPI_Attr_delete, and MPI_Attr_put to do whatever is needed to remove an attribute. The function returns MPI_SUCCESS on success and an error code on failure (in which case MPI_COMM_FREE will fail).

delete_fn may be specified as MPI_NULL_DELETE_FN from either C or FORTRAN; MPI_NULL_DELETE_FN is a function that does nothing, other than returning MPI_SUCCESS.

The special key value MPI_KEYVAL_INVALID is never returned by MPI_Keyval_create. Therefore, it can be used for static initialization of key values.

 

ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. C++ functions do not return errors. If the default error handler is set to MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS, then on error the C++ exception mechanism will be used to throw an MPI:Exception object.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

 

SEE ALSO

MPI_Keyval_free


 

Index

NAME
SYNTAX
C Syntax
Fortran Syntax
INPUT PARAMETERS
OUTPUT PARAMETERS
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
ERRORS
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:50:39 GMT, April 16, 2011