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MPI_Request_free

MPI_Request_free

Section: Open MPI (3) Updated: Oct 05, 2010
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NAME

MPI_Request_free - Frees a communication request object.

 

SYNTAX

 

C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>
int MPI_Request_free(MPI_Request *request)

 

Fortran Syntax

INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
MPI_REQUEST_FREE(REQUEST, IERROR)
        INTEGER REQUEST, IERROR 

 

C++ Syntax

#include <mpi.h>
void Request::Free()

 

INPUT/OUTPUT PARAMETER

request

      Communication request (handle).

 

DESCRIPTION

This operation allows a request object to be deallocated without waiting for the associated communication to complete.

MPI_Request_free marks the request object for deallocation and sets request to MPI_REQUEST_NULL. Any ongoing communication that is associated with the request will be allowed to complete. The request will be deallocated only after its completion.

 

NOTES

Once a request is freed by a call to MPI_Request_free, it is not possible to check for the successful completion of the associated communication with calls to MPI_Wait or MPI_Test. Also, if an error occurs subsequently during the communication, an error code cannot be returned to the user -- such an error must be treated as fatal. Questions arise as to how one knows when the operations have completed when using MPI_Request_free. Depending on the program logic, there may be other ways in which the program knows that certain operations have completed and this makes usage of MPI_Request_free practical. For example, an active send request could be freed when the logic of the program is such that the receiver sends a reply to the message sent -- the arrival of the reply informs the sender that the send has completed and the send buffer can be reused. An active receive request should never be freed, as the receiver will have no way to verify that the receive has completed and the receive buffer can be reused.

Example:

    CALL MPI_COMM_RANK(MPI_COMM_WORLD, rank) 
    IF(rank.EQ.0) THEN 
        DO i=1, n 
          CALL MPI_ISEND(outval, 1, MPI_REAL, 1, 0, req, ierr) 
          CALL MPI_REQUEST_FREE(req, ierr) 
          CALL MPI_IRECV(inval, 1, MPI_REAL, 1, 0, req, ierr) 
          CALL MPI_WAIT(req, status, ierr) 
        END DO 
    ELSE    ! rank.EQ.1 
        CALL MPI_IRECV(inval, 1, MPI_REAL, 0, 0, req, ierr) 
        CALL MPI_WAIT(req, status) 
        DO I=1, n-1 
           CALL MPI_ISEND(outval, 1, MPI_REAL, 0, 0, req, ierr) 
           CALL MPI_REQUEST_FREE(req, ierr) 
           CALL MPI_IRECV(inval, 1, MPI_REAL, 0, 0, req, ierr) 
           CALL MPI_WAIT(req, status, ierr) 
        END DO 
        CALL MPI_ISEND(outval, 1, MPI_REAL, 0, 0, req, ierr) 
        CALL MPI_WAIT(req, status) 
    END IF 

This routine is normally used to free persistent requests created with either MPI_Recv_init or MPI_Send_init and friends. However, it can be used to free a request created with MPI_Irecv or MPI_Isend and friends; in that case the use can not use the test/wait routines on the request.

It is permitted to free an active request. However, once freed, you can not use the request in a wait or test routine (e.g., MPI_Wait ).

 

ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. C++ functions do not return errors. If the default error handler is set to MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS, then on error the C++ exception mechanism will be used to throw an MPI:Exception object.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

 

SEE ALSO

MPI_Isend
MPI_Irecv
MPI_Issend
MPI_Ibsend
MPI_Irsend
MPI_Recv_init
MPI_Send_init
MPI_Ssend_init
MPI_Rsend_init
MPI_Test
MPI_Wait
MPI_Waitall
MPI_Waitany
MPI_Waitsome
MPI_Testall
MPI_Testany
MPI_Testsome


    


 

Index

NAME
SYNTAX
C Syntax
Fortran Syntax
C++ Syntax
INPUT/OUTPUT PARAMETER
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
ERRORS
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:50:41 GMT, April 16, 2011