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MUNGE

MUNGE

Section: MUNGE Uid 'N' Gid Emporium (3) Updated: 2010-03-23
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NAME

munge_encode, munge_decode, munge_strerror - MUNGE primary functions

 

SYNOPSIS

#include <munge.h>

munge_err_t munge_encode (char **cred, munge_ctx_t ctx,
                          const void *buf, int len);

munge_err_t munge_decode (const char *cred, munge_ctx_t ctx,
                          void **buf, int *len, uid_t *uid, gid_t *gid);

const char * munge_strerror (munge_err_t e);

cc ... -lmunge

 

DESCRIPTION

The munge_encode() function creates a credential contained in a NUL-terminated base64 string. A payload specified by a buffer buf of length len can be encapsulated in as well. If the munge context ctx is NULL, the default context will be used. A pointer to the resulting credential is returned via cred; on error, it is set to NULL. The caller is responsible for freeing the memory referenced by cred.

The munge_decode() function validates the NUL-terminated credential cred. If the munge context ctx is not NULL, it will be set to that used to encode the credential. If buf and len are not NULL, memory will be allocated for the encapsulated payload, buf will be set to point to this data, and len will be set to its length. An additional NUL character will be appended to this payload data but not included in its length. If no payload exists, buf will be set to NULL and len will be set to 0. For certain errors (i.e., EMUNGE_CRED_EXPIRED, EMUNGE_CRED_REWOUND, EMUNGE_CRED_REPLAYED), payload memory will still be allocated if necessary. The caller is responsible for freeing the memory referenced by buf. If uid or gid is not NULL, they will be set to the UID/GID of the process that created the credential.

The munge_strerror() function returns a descriptive text string describing the munge error number e.

 

RETURN VALUE

The munge_encode() and munge_decode() functions return EMUNGE_SUCCESS on success; otherwise, a munge error number is returned. If a munge context was used, it may contain a more detailed error message accessible via munge_ctx_strerror().

The munge_strerror() function returns a pointer to a NUL-terminated constant text string; this string should not be freed or modified by the caller.

 

ERRORS

EMUNGE_SUCCESS
Success.
EMUNGE_SNAFU
Internal error.
EMUNGE_BAD_ARG
Invalid argument.
EMUNGE_BAD_LENGTH
Exceeded the maximum message length as specified by the munged configuration.
EMUNGE_OVERFLOW
Exceeded the maximum length of a buffer.
EMUNGE_NO_MEMORY
Unable to allocate the requisite memory.
EMUNGE_SOCKET
Unable to communicate with the daemon on the domain socket.
EMUNGE_BAD_CRED
The credential does not match the specified format.
EMUNGE_BAD_VERSION
The credential contains an unsupported version number.
EMUNGE_BAD_CIPHER
The credential contains an unsupported cipher type.
EMUNGE_BAD_MAC
The credential contains an unsupported MAC type.
EMUNGE_BAD_ZIP
The credential contains an unsupported compression type.
EMUNGE_BAD_REALM
The credential contains an unrecognized security realm.
EMUNGE_CRED_INVALID
The credential is invalid. This means the credential could not be successfully decoded. More than likely, the secret keys on the encoding and decoding hosts do not match. Another possibility is that the credential has been altered since it was encoded.
EMUNGE_CRED_EXPIRED
The credential has expired. This means more than TTL seconds have elapsed sinced the credential was encoded. Another possibility is that the clocks on the encoding and decoding hosts are out of sync.
EMUNGE_CRED_REWOUND
The credential appears to have been encoded at some point in the future. This means the clock on the decoding host is slower than that of the encoding host by more than the allowable clock skew. More than likely, the clocks on the encoding and decoding hosts are out of sync.
EMUNGE_CRED_REPLAYED
The credential has been previously decoded on this host.
EMUNGE_CRED_UNAUTHORIZED
The client is not authorized to decode the credential based upon the effective user and/or group ID of the process.

 

EXAMPLE

The following example program illustrates the use of a munge credential to ascertain the effective user and group ID of the encoding process.

#include <stdio.h>                      /* for printf() */
#include <stdlib.h>                     /* for exit() & free() */
#include <unistd.h>                     /* for uid_t & gid_t */
#include <munge.h>

int
main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
    char        *cred;
    munge_err_t  err;
    uid_t        uid;
    gid_t        gid;

    err = munge_encode (&cred, NULL, NULL, 0);

    if (err != EMUNGE_SUCCESS) {
        fprintf (stderr, "ERROR: %s\n", munge_strerror (err));
        exit (1);
    }
    err = munge_decode (cred, NULL, NULL, NULL, &uid, &gid);

    if (err != EMUNGE_SUCCESS) {
        fprintf (stderr, "ERROR: %s\n", munge_strerror (err));
        exit (1);
    }
    printf ("uid=%d gid=%d\n", uid, gid);
    free (cred);
    exit (0);
}

 

NOTES

Both munge_encode() and munge_decode() may allocate memory that the caller is responsible for freeing. Failure to do so will result in a memory leak.

 

AUTHOR

Chris Dunlap <cdunlap@llnl.gov>

 

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 2007-2010 Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC.
Copyright (C) 2002-2007 The Regents of the University of California.

MUNGE is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. Additionally for the MUNGE library (libmunge), you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

 

SEE ALSO

munge(1), remunge(1), unmunge(1), munge_ctx(3), munge_enum(3), munge(7), munged(8).

http://home.gna.org/munge/


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
EXAMPLE
NOTES
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:50:48 GMT, April 16, 2011