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MUNGE_CTX

MUNGE_CTX

Section: MUNGE Uid 'N' Gid Emporium (3) Updated: 2010-03-23
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NAME

munge_ctx_create, munge_ctx_copy, munge_ctx_destroy, munge_ctx_strerror, munge_ctx_get, munge_ctx_set - MUNGE context functions

 

SYNOPSIS

#include <munge.h>

munge_ctx_t munge_ctx_create (void);

munge_ctx_t munge_ctx_copy (munge_ctx_t ctx);

void munge_ctx_destroy (munge_ctx_t ctx);

const char * munge_ctx_strerror (munge_ctx_t ctx);

munge_err_t munge_ctx_get (munge_ctx_t ctx, munge_opt_t opt, ...);

munge_err_t munge_ctx_set (munge_ctx_t ctx, munge_opt_t opt, ...);

cc ... -lmunge

 

DESCRIPTION

The munge_ctx_create() function creates and returns a new munge context or NULL or error.

The munge_ctx_copy() function copies the context ctx, returning a new munge context or NULL on error.

The munge_ctx_destroy() function destroys the context ctx.

The munge_ctx_strerror() function returns a descriptive text string describing the munge error number according to the context ctx, or NULL if no error condition exists. This may provide a more detailed error message than that returned by munge_strerror().

The munge_ctx_get() function gets the value for the option opt associated with the munge context ctx, storing the result in the subsequent pointer argument. If the result is a string, that string should not be freed or modified by the caller.

The munge_ctx_set() function sets the value for the option opt associated with the munge context ctx, using the value of the subsequent argument.

 

RETURN VALUE

The munge_ctx_create() and munge_ctx_copy() functions return a newly allocated munge context, or NULL on error.

The munge_cxt_strerror() function returns a pointer to a NUL-terminated constant text string; this string should not be freed or modified by the caller.

The munge_ctx_get() and munge_ctx_set() functions return EMUNGE_SUCCESS on success; otherwise, a munge error number is returned.

 

CONTEXT OPTIONS

The following context options can be queried via munge_ctx_get() or specified via munge_ctx_set(). The type following each enumeration is the variable type used for the subsequent argument in munge_ctx_set(), or the variable type of a pointer used for the subsequent argument in munge_ctx_get().
MUNGE_OPT_CIPHER_TYPE , int
Get or set the cipher type (cf., CIPHER TYPES).
MUNGE_OPT_MAC_TYPE , int
Get or set the MAC type (cf., MAC TYPES).
MUNGE_OPT_ZIP_TYPE , int
Get or set the compression type (cf., ZIP TYPES).
MUNGE_OPT_REALM , char *
Get or set the security realm, where the char * type is a NUL-terminated character string. The string returned by munge_ctx_get() should not be freed or modified by the caller. NOT YET SUPPORTED.
MUNGE_OPT_TTL , int
Get or set the time-to-live (in seconds) (cf., TTL TYPES). This value controls how long the credential is valid once it has been encoded.
MUNGE_OPT_ADDR4 , struct in_addr
Get the IPv4 address of the host where the credential was encoded. This option cannot be explicitly set.
MUNGE_OPT_ENCODE_TIME , time_t
Get the time (in seconds since the epoch) at which the credential was encoded. This option cannot be explicitly set.
MUNGE_OPT_DECODE_TIME , time_t
Get the time (in seconds since the epoch) at which the credential was decoded. This option cannot be explicitly set.
MUNGE_OPT_SOCKET , char *
Get or set the local domain socket for connecting with munged, where the char * type is a NUL-terminated character string. The string returned by munge_ctx_get() should not be freed or modified by the caller.
MUNGE_OPT_UID_RESTRICTION , uid_t
Get or set the UID allowed to decode the credential (cf., UID & GID TYPES). This value will be matched against the effective user ID of the process requesting the credential decode.
MUNGE_OPT_GID_RESTRICTION , gid_t
Get or set the GID allowed to decode the credential (cf., UID & GID TYPES). This value will be matched against the effective group ID of the process requesting the credential decode, as well as each supplementary group of which the effective user ID of that process is a memeber.

 

CIPHER TYPES

Credentials can be encrypted using the secret key shared by all munged daemons within a security realm. Anyone having access to this key can use it to decrypt a credential, thereby bypassing any restrictions being imposed by munged.
MUNGE_CIPHER_NONE
Specify encryption is to be disabled.
MUNGE_CIPHER_DEFAULT
Specify the default according to the munged configuration.
MUNGE_CIPHER_BLOWFISH
Specify the Blowfish cipher designed by Bruce Schneier. This cipher has a 64-bit block-size and a variable key length. MUNGE uses it with a 128-bit key in CBC mode. It is a fast block cipher but suffers from a slow key setup time. Consequently, it underperforms when generating small credentials.
MUNGE_CIPHER_CAST5
Specify the CAST5 cipher designed by Carlisle Adams and Stafford Tavares. This cipher has a 64-bit block-size and a variable key length. MUNGE uses it with a 128-bit key in CBC mode.
MUNGE_CIPHER_AES128
Specify the AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) cipher, also known as Rijndael. It was designed by Joan Daemen and Vincent Rijmen. This cipher has a 128-bit block-size and a key length of 128, 192, or 256 bits. MUNGE uses it here with a 128-bit key in CBC mode.
MUNGE_CIPHER_AES256
Specify the AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) cipher, also known as Rijndael. It was designed by Joan Daemen and Vincent Rijmen. This cipher has a 128-bit block-size and a key length of 128, 192, or 256 bits. MUNGE uses it here with a 256-bit key in CBC mode. Currently, MUNGE_CIPHER_AES256 requires the use of MUNGE_MAC_SHA256.

 

MAC TYPES

The message authentication code (MAC), also known as a message integrity code (MIC), is a required component of the credental; consequently, it cannot be disabled.
MUNGE_MAC_DEFAULT
Specify the default according to the munged configuration.
MUNGE_MAC_MD5
Specify the MD5 algorithm designed by Ron Rivest and published in 1991. This algorithm has a 128-bit message digest. In 2004, a successful collision attack was demonstrated against MD5. But since a pre-image attack has not yet been demonstrated, MD5 should still be safe to use within MUNGE. However, use of SHA-1, RIPEMD-160, or SHA-256 is recommended in order to provide a better security margin.
MUNGE_MAC_SHA1
Specify the SHA-1 algorithm designed by the National Security Agency and published in 1995; this is the successor to the original Secure Hash Algorithm (now called SHA-0) published in 1993. This algorithm has a 160-bit message digest. In 2005, successful collision attacks were demonstrated against SHA-1. But since a pre-image attack has not yet been demonstrated, SHA-1 should still be safe to use within MUNGE. NIST has announced plans to phase out the use of SHA-1 by 2010 in favor of the SHA-2 variants.
MUNGE_MAC_RIPEMD160
Specify the RIPEMD-160 (RACE Integrity Primitives Evaluation Message Digest) algorithm designed in Europe by Hans Dobbertin, Antoon Bosselaers, and Bart Preneel, and published in 1996. This algorithm has a 160-bit message digest. It is somewhat less popular than SHA-1 and correspondingly less well studied. While slower than SHA-1, it is believed to have a slightly better security margin.
MUNGE_MAC_SHA256
Specify the SHA-256 algorithm designed by the National Security Agency and published in 2002; this is one of the SHA-2 variants in the Secure Hash Algorithm family. This algorithm has a 256-bit message digest. In 2006, NIST began encouraging the use of the SHA-2 family of hash functions for all new applications and protocols.
MUNGE_MAC_SHA512
Specify the SHA-512 algorithm designed by the National Security Agency and published in 2002; this is one of the SHA-2 variants in the Secure Hash Algorithm family. This algorithm has a 512-bit message digest. In 2006, NIST began encouraging the use of the SHA-2 family of hash functions for all new applications and protocols.

 

ZIP TYPES

If a compression type is specified, a payload-bearing credential will be compressed accordingly. However, if the resulting compressed data is larger than the original uncompressed data, the uncompressed data will be restored and compression will be disabled.
MUNGE_ZIP_NONE
Specify compression is to be disabled. This is the recommended setting unless there is a payload of sufficient size to compress.
MUNGE_ZIP_DEFAULT
Specify the default according to the munged configuration.
MUNGE_ZIP_BZLIB
Specify the bzip2 algorithm developed by Julian Seward. This algorithm is slower and uses more memory, but generally gets the best compression on larger payloads.
MUNGE_ZIP_ZLIB
Specify the zlib "deflate" algorithm developed by Jean-loup Gailly and Mark Adler. This algorithm is faster and uses less memory, but gets pretty good compression nonetheless.

 

TTL TYPES

The time-to-live value specifies the number of seconds the credential is considered valid from the time it was encoded according to the clock on the host on which it was encoded. In addition to specifying an integer value, the following types are available.
MUNGE_TTL_MAXIMUM
Specify the maximum allowed by the munged configuration.
MUNGE_TTL_DEFAULT
Specify the default according to the munged configuration.

 

UID & GID TYPES

The UID and GID restrictions can be used to restrict the credential decode based on the effective user and group ID of the requesting process. In addition to specifying an integer value, the following types are available.
MUNGE_UID_ANY
Specify that no UID restriction is to take effect; this is the default behavior.
MUNGE_GID_ANY
Specify that no GID restriction is to take effect; this is the default behavior.

 

ERRORS

Refer to munge(3) for a complete list of errors.

 

EXAMPLE

The following example program illustrates the use of the munge context to query the location of the munged domain socket.

#include <stdio.h>                      /* for printf() */
#include <stdlib.h>                     /* for exit() */
#include <munge.h>

int
main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
    munge_ctx_t  ctx;
    munge_err_t  err;
    char        *str;

    if (!(ctx = munge_ctx_create ())) {
        fprintf (stderr, "ERROR: Unable to create munge context\n");
        exit (1);
    }
    err = munge_ctx_get (ctx, MUNGE_OPT_SOCKET, &str);

    if (err != EMUNGE_SUCCESS) {
        fprintf (stderr, "ERROR: %s\n", munge_ctx_strerror (ctx));
        exit (1);
    }
    printf ("socket=%s\n", str);
    /*
     *  Note that 'str' is not to be free()d since
     *    it points to a string within the 'ctx'.
     */
    munge_ctx_destroy (ctx);
    exit (0);
}

 

NOTES

Abandoning a new or copied munge context without destroying it will result in a memory leak.

The context passed to munge_encode() is treated read-only except for the error message that is set when an error is returned. The context passed to munge_decode() is set according to the context used to encode the credential; however, on error, its settings may be in a state which is invalid for encoding. Consequently, separate contexts should be used for encoding and decoding.

A context should not be shared between threads unless it is protected by a mutex; however, a better alternative is to use a separate context (or two) for each thread, either by creating a new one via munge_ctx_create() or copying an existing one via munge_ctx_copy().

 

AUTHOR

Chris Dunlap <cdunlap@llnl.gov>

 

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 2007-2010 Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC.
Copyright (C) 2002-2007 The Regents of the University of California.

MUNGE is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. Additionally for the MUNGE library (libmunge), you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

 

SEE ALSO

munge(1), remunge(1), unmunge(1), munge(3), munge_enum(3), munge(7), munged(8).

http://home.gna.org/munge/


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
CONTEXT OPTIONS
CIPHER TYPES
MAC TYPES
ZIP TYPES
TTL TYPES
UID & GID TYPES
ERRORS
EXAMPLE
NOTES
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:50:48 GMT, April 16, 2011