Notes
=====
Each global data object is described by an associated description
vector. This vector stores the information required to establish
the mapping between an object element and its corresponding process
and memory location.
Let A be a generic term for any 2D block cyclicly distributed array.
Such a global array has an associated description vector DESCA.
In the following comments, the character _ should be read as
"of the global array".
NOTATION STORED IN EXPLANATION
--------------- -------------- --------------------------------------
DTYPE_A(global) DESCA( DTYPE_ )The descriptor type. In this case,
DTYPE_A = 1.
CTXT_A (global) DESCA( CTXT_ ) The BLACS context handle, indicating
the BLACS process grid A is distribu-
ted over. The context itself is glo-
bal, but the handle (the integer
value) may vary.
M_A (global) DESCA( M_ ) The number of rows in the global
array A.
N_A (global) DESCA( N_ ) The number of columns in the global
array A.
MB_A (global) DESCA( MB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute
the rows of the array.
NB_A (global) DESCA( NB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute
the columns of the array.
RSRC_A (global) DESCA( RSRC_ ) The process row over which the first
row of the array A is distributed.
CSRC_A (global) DESCA( CSRC_ ) The process column over which the
first column of the array A is
distributed.
LLD_A (local) DESCA( LLD_ ) The leading dimension of the local
array. LLD_A >= MAX(1,LOCr(M_A)).
Let K be the number of rows or columns of a distributed matrix,
and assume that its process grid has dimension p x q.
LOCr( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a process
would receive if K were distributed over the p processes of its
process column.
Similarly, LOCc( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a
process would receive if K were distributed over the q processes of
its process row.
The values of LOCr() and LOCc() may be determined via a call to the
ScaLAPACK tool function, NUMROC:
LOCr( M ) = NUMROC( M, MB_A, MYROW, RSRC_A, NPROW ),
LOCc( N ) = NUMROC( N, NB_A, MYCOL, CSRC_A, NPCOL ).
An upper bound for these quantities may be computed by:
LOCr( M ) <= ceil( ceil(M/MB_A)/NPROW )*MB_A
LOCc( N ) <= ceil( ceil(N/NB_A)/NPCOL )*NB_A
where NB = MB_A = NB_A, NP = NUMROC( N, NB, MYROW, IAROW, NPROW ), IAROW = INDXG2P( IA, NB, MYROW, RSRC_A, NPROW ).
INDXG2P and NUMROC are ScaLAPACK tool functions; MYROW, MYCOL, NPROW and NPCOL can be determined by calling the subroutine BLACS_GRIDINFO.
If LWORK = -1, then LWORK is global input and a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the minimum and optimal size for all work arrays. Each of these values is returned in the first entry of the corresponding work array, and no error message is issued by PXERBLA.
Each H(i) has the form
H(i) = I - tau * v * v'
where tau is a real scalar, and v is a real vector with
v(i+1:n) = 0 and v(i) = 1; v(1:i-1) is stored on exit in
A(ia:ia+i-2,ja+i), and tau in TAU(ja+i-1).
If UPLO = 'L', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary
reflectors
Each H(i) has the form
H(i) = I - tau * v * v'
where tau is a real scalar, and v is a real vector with
v(1:i) = 0 and v(i+1) = 1; v(i+2:n) is stored on exit in
A(ia+i+1:ia+n-1,ja+i-1), and tau in TAU(ja+i-1).
The contents of sub( A ) on exit are illustrated by the following
examples with n = 5:
if UPLO = 'U': if UPLO = 'L':
( d e v2 v3 v4 ) ( d )
( d e v3 v4 ) ( e d )
( d e v4 ) ( v1 e d )
( d e ) ( v1 v2 e d )
( d ) ( v1 v2 v3 e d )
where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of T, and vi
denotes an element of the vector defining H(i).
Alignment requirements
======================
The distributed submatrix sub( A ) must verify some alignment proper-
ties, namely the following expression should be true:
( MB_A.EQ.NB_A .AND. IROFFA.EQ.ICOFFA .AND. IROFFA.EQ.0 ) with
IROFFA = MOD( IA-1, MB_A ) and ICOFFA = MOD( JA-1, NB_A ).