sub( A ) = Q*R, sub( B ) = Q*T*Z,
where Q is an N-by-N unitary matrix, Z is a P-by-P unitary matrix,
and R and T assume one of the forms:
if N >= M, R = ( R11 ) M , or if N < M, R = ( R11 R12 ) N,
( 0 ) N-M N M-N
where R11 is upper triangular, and
if N <= P, T = ( 0 T12 ) N, or if N > P, T = ( T11 ) N-P,
P-N N ( T21 ) P
where T12 or T21 is upper triangular.
In particular, if sub( B ) is square and nonsingular, the GQR
factorization of sub( A ) and sub( B ) implicitly gives the QR
factorization of inv( sub( B ) )* sub( A ):
inv( sub( B ) )*sub( A )= Z'*(inv(T)*R)
where inv( sub( B ) ) denotes the inverse of the matrix sub( B ),
and Z' denotes the conjugate transpose of matrix Z.
Each global data object is described by an associated description
vector. This vector stores the information required to establish
the mapping between an object element and its corresponding process
and memory location.
Let A be a generic term for any 2D block cyclicly distributed array.
Such a global array has an associated description vector DESCA.
In the following comments, the character _ should be read as
"of the global array".
NOTATION STORED IN EXPLANATION
--------------- -------------- -------------------------------------- DTYPE_A(global) DESCA( DTYPE_ )The descriptor type. In this case,
DTYPE_A = 1.
CTXT_A (global) DESCA( CTXT_ ) The BLACS context handle, indicating
the BLACS process grid A is distribu-
ted over. The context itself is glo-
bal, but the handle (the integer
value) may vary.
M_A (global) DESCA( M_ ) The number of rows in the global
N_A (global) DESCA( N_ ) The number of columns in the global
MB_A (global) DESCA( MB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute
the rows of the array.
NB_A (global) DESCA( NB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute
the columns of the array.
RSRC_A (global) DESCA( RSRC_ ) The process row over which the first
row of the array A is distributed. CSRC_A (global) DESCA( CSRC_ ) The process column over which the
first column of the array A is
LLD_A (local) DESCA( LLD_ ) The leading dimension of the local
array. LLD_A >= MAX(1,LOCr(M_A)).
Let K be the number of rows or columns of a distributed matrix,
and assume that its process grid has dimension p x q.
LOCr( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a process would receive if K were distributed over the p processes of its process column.
Similarly, LOCc( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a process would receive if K were distributed over the q processes of its process row.
The values of LOCr() and LOCc() may be determined via a call to the ScaLAPACK tool function, NUMROC:
LOCr( M ) = NUMROC( M, MB_A, MYROW, RSRC_A, NPROW ),
LOCc( N ) = NUMROC( N, NB_A, MYCOL, CSRC_A, NPCOL ). An upper bound for these quantities may be computed by:
LOCr( M ) <= ceil( ceil(M/MB_A)/NPROW )*MB_A
LOCc( N ) <= ceil( ceil(N/NB_A)/NPCOL )*NB_A
IROFFA = MOD( IA-1, MB_A ), ICOFFA = MOD( JA-1, NB_A ), IAROW = INDXG2P( IA, MB_A, MYROW, RSRC_A, NPROW ), IACOL = INDXG2P( JA, NB_A, MYCOL, CSRC_A, NPCOL ), NpA0 = NUMROC( N+IROFFA, MB_A, MYROW, IAROW, NPROW ), MqA0 = NUMROC( M+ICOFFA, NB_A, MYCOL, IACOL, NPCOL ),
IROFFB = MOD( IB-1, MB_B ), ICOFFB = MOD( JB-1, NB_B ), IBROW = INDXG2P( IB, MB_B, MYROW, RSRC_B, NPROW ), IBCOL = INDXG2P( JB, NB_B, MYCOL, CSRC_B, NPCOL ), NpB0 = NUMROC( N+IROFFB, MB_B, MYROW, IBROW, NPROW ), PqB0 = NUMROC( P+ICOFFB, NB_B, MYCOL, IBCOL, NPCOL ),
and NUMROC, INDXG2P are ScaLAPACK tool functions; MYROW, MYCOL, NPROW and NPCOL can be determined by calling the subroutine BLACS_GRIDINFO.
If LWORK = -1, then LWORK is global input and a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the minimum and optimal size for all work arrays. Each of these values is returned in the first entry of the corresponding work array, and no error message is issued by PXERBLA.
Q = H(ja) H(ja+1) . . . H(ja+k-1), where k = min(n,m).
Each H(i) has the form
H(i) = I - taua * v * v'
where taua is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with
v(1:i-1) = 0 and v(i) = 1; v(i+1:n) is stored on exit in
A(ia+i:ia+n-1,ja+i-1), and taua in TAUA(ja+i-1).
To form Q explicitly, use ScaLAPACK subroutine PZUNGQR.
To use Q to update another matrix, use ScaLAPACK subroutine PZUNMQR.
The matrix Z is represented as a product of elementary reflectors
Z = H(ib)' H(ib+1)' . . . H(ib+k-1)', where k = min(n,p).
Each H(i) has the form
H(i) = I - taub * v * v'
where taub is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with
v(p-k+i+1:p) = 0 and v(p-k+i) = 1; conjg(v(1:p-k+i-1)) is stored on
exit in B(ib+n-k+i-1,jb:jb+p-k+i-2), and taub in TAUB(ib+n-k+i-1).
To form Z explicitly, use ScaLAPACK subroutine PZUNGRQ.
To use Z to update another matrix, use ScaLAPACK subroutine PZUNMRQ.
The distributed submatrices sub( A ) and sub( B ) must verify some alignment properties, namely the following expression should be true:
( MB_A.EQ.MB_B .AND. IROFFA.EQ.IROFFB .AND. IAROW.EQ.IBROW )