The upper trapezoidal matrix sub( A ) is factored as
sub( A ) = ( R 0 ) * Z,
where Z is an N-by-N unitary matrix and R is an M-by-M upper
triangular matrix.
Notes
=====
Each global data object is described by an associated description
vector. This vector stores the information required to establish
the mapping between an object element and its corresponding process
and memory location.
Let A be a generic term for any 2D block cyclicly distributed array.
Such a global array has an associated description vector DESCA.
In the following comments, the character _ should be read as
"of the global array".
NOTATION STORED IN EXPLANATION
--------------- -------------- --------------------------------------
DTYPE_A(global) DESCA( DTYPE_ )The descriptor type. In this case,
DTYPE_A = 1.
CTXT_A (global) DESCA( CTXT_ ) The BLACS context handle, indicating
the BLACS process grid A is distribu-
ted over. The context itself is glo-
bal, but the handle (the integer
value) may vary.
M_A (global) DESCA( M_ ) The number of rows in the global
array A.
N_A (global) DESCA( N_ ) The number of columns in the global
array A.
MB_A (global) DESCA( MB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute
the rows of the array.
NB_A (global) DESCA( NB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute
the columns of the array.
RSRC_A (global) DESCA( RSRC_ ) The process row over which the first
row of the array A is distributed.
CSRC_A (global) DESCA( CSRC_ ) The process column over which the
first column of the array A is
distributed.
LLD_A (local) DESCA( LLD_ ) The leading dimension of the local
array. LLD_A >= MAX(1,LOCr(M_A)).
Let K be the number of rows or columns of a distributed matrix,
and assume that its process grid has dimension p x q.
LOCr( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a process
would receive if K were distributed over the p processes of its
process column.
Similarly, LOCc( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a
process would receive if K were distributed over the q processes of
its process row.
The values of LOCr() and LOCc() may be determined via a call to the
ScaLAPACK tool function, NUMROC:
LOCr( M ) = NUMROC( M, MB_A, MYROW, RSRC_A, NPROW ),
LOCc( N ) = NUMROC( N, NB_A, MYCOL, CSRC_A, NPCOL ).
An upper bound for these quantities may be computed by:
LOCr( M ) <= ceil( ceil(M/MB_A)/NPROW )*MB_A
LOCc( N ) <= ceil( ceil(N/NB_A)/NPCOL )*NB_A
IROFF = MOD( IA-1, MB_A ), ICOFF = MOD( JA-1, NB_A ), IAROW = INDXG2P( IA, MB_A, MYROW, RSRC_A, NPROW ), IACOL = INDXG2P( JA, NB_A, MYCOL, CSRC_A, NPCOL ), Mp0 = NUMROC( M+IROFF, MB_A, MYROW, IAROW, NPROW ), Nq0 = NUMROC( N+ICOFF, NB_A, MYCOL, IACOL, NPCOL ),
and NUMROC, INDXG2P are ScaLAPACK tool functions; MYROW, MYCOL, NPROW and NPCOL can be determined by calling the subroutine BLACS_GRIDINFO.
If LWORK = -1, then LWORK is global input and a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the minimum and optimal size for all work arrays. Each of these values is returned in the first entry of the corresponding work array, and no error message is issued by PXERBLA.
Z( k ) = ( I 0 ),
( 0 T( k ) )
where
T( k ) = I - tau*u( k )*u( k )', u( k ) = ( 1 ),
( 0 )
( z( k ) )
tau is a scalar and z( k ) is an ( n - m ) element vector.
tau and z( k ) are chosen to annihilate the elements of the kth row
of sub( A ).
The scalar tau is returned in the kth element of TAU and the vector
u( k ) in the kth row of sub( A ), such that the elements of z( k )
are in a( k, m + 1 ), ..., a( k, n ). The elements of R are returned
in the upper triangular part of sub( A ).
Z is given by
Z = Z( 1 ) * Z( 2 ) * ... * Z( m ).