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QIO

QIO

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

qio - quick I/O part of InterNetNews library  

SYNOPSIS


#include "qio.h"

QIOSTATE *
QIOopen(name, size)
    char            *name;
    int             size;

QIOSTATE *
QIOfdopen(fd, size)
    int             fd;
    int             size;

void
QIOclose(qp)
    QIOSTATE        *qp;

char *
QIOread(qp)
    QIOSTATE        *qp;

int
QIOlength(qp)
    QIOSTATE        *qp;

int
QIOtoolong(qp)
    QIOSTATE        *qp;

int
QIOerror(qp)
    QIOSTATE        *qp;

int
QIOtell(qp)
    QIOSTATE        *qp;

int
QIOrewind(qp)
    QIOSTATE        *qp;

int
QIOfileno(qp)
    QIOSTATE        *qp;
 

DESCRIPTION

The routines described in this manual page are part of the InterNetNews
library, libinn(3). They are used to provide quick read access to files. The letters ``QIO'' stand for Quick I/O.

QIOopen opens the file name for reading. It uses a buffer of size bytes, which must also be larger then the longest expected line. The header file defines the constant QIO_BUFFER as a reasonable default. If size is zero, then QIOopen will call stat(2) and use the returned block size; if that fails it will use QIO_BUFFER. It returns NULL on error, or a pointer to a handle to be used in other calls. QIOfdopen performs the same function except that fd refers to an already-open descriptor.

QIOclose closes the open file and releases any resources used by it.

QIOread returns a pointer to the next line in the file. The trailing newline will be replaced with a \0. If EOF is reached, an error occurs, or if the line is longer than the buffer, QIOread returns NULL.

After a successful call to QIOread, QIOlength will return the length of the current line.

The functions QIOtoolong and QIOerror can be called after QIOread returns NULL to determine if there was an error, or if the line was too long. If QIOtoolong returns non-zero, then the current line did not fit in the buffer, and the next call to QIOread will try read the rest of the line. Long lines can only be discarded. If QIOerror returns non-zero, then a serious I/O error occurred.

QIOtell returns the lseek(2) offset at which the next line will start.

QIOrewind sets the read pointer back to the beginning of the file.

QIOfileno returns the descriptor of the open file.

QIOlength, QIOtoolong, QIOerror, QIOtell, and QIOfileno are implemented as macro's defined in the header file.  

EXAMPLE

QIOSTATE             *h;
long                 offset;
char                 *p;

h = QIOopen("/etc/motd", QIO_BUFFER);
for (offset = QIOtell(h); (p = QIOread(h)) != NULL; offset = QIOtell(h))
    printf("At %ld, %s\n", offset, p);
if (QIOerror(h)) {
    perror("Read error");
    exit(1);
}
QIOclose(h);
 

HISTORY

Written by Rich $alz <rsalz@uunet.uu.net> for InterNetNews. This is revision 1.7, dated 1993/01/29.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLE
HISTORY

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:53:36 GMT, April 16, 2011