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CLOCK

CLOCK

Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (P) Updated: 2003
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NAME

clock - report CPU time used  

SYNOPSIS

#include <time.h>

clock_t clock(void);
 

DESCRIPTION

The clock() function shall return the implementation's best approximation to the processor time used by the process since the beginning of an implementation-defined era related only to the process invocation.  

RETURN VALUE

To determine the time in seconds, the value returned by clock() should be divided by the value of the macro CLOCKS_PER_SEC.  CLOCKS_PER_SEC is defined to be one million in <time.h>. If the processor time used is not available or its value cannot be represented, the function shall return the value ( clock_t)-1.  

ERRORS

No errors are defined.

The following sections are informative.  

EXAMPLES

None.  

APPLICATION USAGE

In order to measure the time spent in a program, clock() should be called at the start of the program and its return value subtracted from the value returned by subsequent calls. The value returned by clock() is defined for compatibility across systems that have clocks with different resolutions. The resolution on any particular system need not be to microsecond accuracy.

The value returned by clock() may wrap around on some implementations. For example, on a machine with 32-bit values for clock_t, it wraps after 2147 seconds or 36 minutes.  

RATIONALE

None.  

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.  

SEE ALSO

asctime() , ctime() , difftime() , gmtime() , localtime() , mktime() , strftime() , strptime() , time() , utime() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <time.h>  

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
APPLICATION USAGE
RATIONALE
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

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