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FILENO

FILENO

Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (P) Updated: 2003
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NAME

fileno - map a stream pointer to a file descriptor  

SYNOPSIS

#include <stdio.h>

int fileno(FILE *stream);
 

DESCRIPTION

The fileno() function shall return the integer file descriptor associated with the stream pointed to by stream.  

RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, fileno() shall return the integer value of the file descriptor associated with stream. Otherwise, the value -1 shall be returned and errno set to indicate the error.  

ERRORS

The fileno() function may fail if:

EBADF
The stream argument is not a valid stream.

The following sections are informative.  

EXAMPLES

None.  

APPLICATION USAGE

None.  

RATIONALE

Without some specification of which file descriptors are associated with these streams, it is impossible for an application to set up the streams for another application it starts with fork() and exec. In particular, it would not be possible to write a portable version of the sh command interpreter (although there may be other constraints that would prevent that portability).  

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.  

SEE ALSO

Interaction of File Descriptors and Standard I/O Streams , fdopen() , fopen() , stdin() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <stdio.h>  

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
APPLICATION USAGE
RATIONALE
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

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