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FWRITE

FWRITE

Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (P) Updated: 2003
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NAME

fwrite - binary output  

SYNOPSIS

#include <stdio.h>

size_t fwrite(const void *restrict ptr, size_t size, size_t nitems,
       FILE *restrict
stream);
 

DESCRIPTION

The fwrite() function shall write, from the array pointed to by ptr, up to nitems elements whose size is specified by size, to the stream pointed to by stream. For each object, size calls shall be made to the fputc() function, taking the values (in order) from an array of unsigned char exactly overlaying the object. The file-position indicator for the stream (if defined) shall be advanced by the number of bytes successfully written. If an error occurs, the resulting value of the file-position indicator for the stream is unspecified.

The st_ctime and st_mtime fields of the file shall be marked for update between the successful execution of fwrite() and the next successful completion of a call to fflush() or fclose() on the same stream, or a call to exit() or abort().  

RETURN VALUE

The fwrite() function shall return the number of elements successfully written, which may be less than nitems if a write error is encountered. If size or nitems is 0, fwrite() shall return 0 and the state of the stream remains unchanged. Otherwise, if a write error occurs, the error indicator for the stream shall be set,  and errno shall be set to indicate the error.  

ERRORS

Refer to fputc() .

The following sections are informative.  

EXAMPLES

None.  

APPLICATION USAGE

Because of possible differences in element length and byte ordering, files written using fwrite() are application-dependent, and possibly cannot be read using fread() by a different application or by the same application on a different processor.  

RATIONALE

None.  

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.  

SEE ALSO

ferror() , fopen() , printf() , putc() , puts() , write() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <stdio.h>  

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
APPLICATION USAGE
RATIONALE
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

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