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GETC

GETC

Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (P) Updated: 2003
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NAME

getc - get a byte from a stream  

SYNOPSIS

#include <stdio.h>

int getc(FILE *stream);
 

DESCRIPTION

The getc() function shall be equivalent to fgetc() , except that if it is implemented as a macro it may evaluate stream more than once, so the argument should never be an expression with side effects.  

RETURN VALUE

Refer to fgetc() .  

ERRORS

Refer to fgetc() .

The following sections are informative.  

EXAMPLES

None.  

APPLICATION USAGE

If the integer value returned by getc() is stored into a variable of type char and then compared against the integer constant EOF, the comparison may never succeed, because sign-extension of a variable of type char on widening to integer is implementation-defined.

Since it may be implemented as a macro, getc() may treat incorrectly a stream argument with side effects. In particular, getc(*f++) does not necessarily work as expected. Therefore, use of this function should be preceded by "#undef getc" in such situations; fgetc() could also be used.  

RATIONALE

None.  

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.  

SEE ALSO

fgetc() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <stdio.h>  

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
APPLICATION USAGE
RATIONALE
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

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