Poster of Linux kernelThe best gift for a Linux geek
GETPRIORITY

GETPRIORITY

Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (P) Updated: 2003
Local index Up
 

NAME

getpriority, setpriority - get and set the nice value  

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/resource.h>

int getpriority(int which, id_t who);
int setpriority(int
which, id_t who, int value);
 

DESCRIPTION

The getpriority() function shall obtain the nice value of a process, process group, or user. The setpriority() function shall set the nice value of a process, process group, or user to value+ {NZERO}.

Target processes are specified by the values of the which and who arguments. The which argument may be one of the following values: PRIO_PROCESS, PRIO_PGRP, or PRIO_USER, indicating that the who argument is to be interpreted as a process ID, a process group ID, or an effective user ID, respectively. A 0 value for the who argument specifies the current process, process group, or user.

The nice value set with setpriority() shall be applied to the process. If the process is multi-threaded, the nice value shall affect all system scope threads in the process.

If more than one process is specified, getpriority() shall return value {NZERO} less than the lowest nice value pertaining to any of the specified processes, and setpriority() shall set the nice values of all of the specified processes to value+ {NZERO}.

The default nice value is {NZERO}; lower nice values shall cause more favorable scheduling. While the range of valid nice values is [0,{NZERO}*2-1], implementations may enforce more restrictive limits. If value+ {NZERO} is less than the system's lowest supported nice value, setpriority() shall set the nice value to the lowest supported value; if value+ {NZERO} is greater than the system's highest supported nice value, setpriority() shall set the nice value to the highest supported value.

Only a process with appropriate privileges can lower its nice value.

Any processes or threads using SCHED_FIFO or SCHED_RR shall be unaffected by a call to setpriority(). This is not considered an error. A process which subsequently reverts to SCHED_OTHER need not have its priority affected by such a setpriority() call.

The effect of changing the nice value may vary depending on the process-scheduling algorithm in effect.

Since getpriority() can return the value -1 on successful completion, it is necessary to set errno to 0 prior to a call to getpriority(). If getpriority() returns the value -1, then errno can be checked to see if an error occurred or if the value is a legitimate nice value.  

RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, getpriority() shall return an integer in the range -{NZERO} to {NZERO}-1. Otherwise, -1 shall be returned and errno set to indicate the error.

Upon successful completion, setpriority() shall return 0; otherwise, -1 shall be returned and errno set to indicate the error.  

ERRORS

The getpriority() and setpriority() functions shall fail if:

ESRCH
No process could be located using the which and who argument values specified.
EINVAL
The value of the which argument was not recognized, or the value of the who argument is not a valid process ID, process group ID, or user ID.

In addition, setpriority() may fail if:

EPERM
A process was located, but neither the real nor effective user ID of the executing process match the effective user ID of the process whose nice value is being changed.
EACCES
A request was made to change the nice value to a lower numeric value and the current process does not have appropriate privileges.

The following sections are informative.  

EXAMPLES

 

Using getpriority()

The following example returns the current scheduling priority for the process ID returned by the call to getpid().


#include <sys/resource.h>
...
int which = PRIO_PROCESS;
id_t pid;
int ret;


pid = getpid();
ret = getpriority(which, pid);

 

Using setpriority()

The following example sets the priority for the current process ID to -20.


#include <sys/resource.h>
...
int which = PRIO_PROCESS;
id_t pid;
int priority = -20;
int ret;


pid = getpid();
ret = setpriority(which, pid, priority);

 

APPLICATION USAGE

The getpriority() and setpriority() functions work with an offset nice value (nice value -{NZERO}). The nice value is in the range [0,2*{NZERO} -1], while the return value for getpriority() and the third parameter for setpriority() are in the range [-{NZERO},{NZERO} -1].  

RATIONALE

None.  

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.  

SEE ALSO

nice() , sched_get_priority_max() , sched_setscheduler() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <sys/resource.h>  

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
Using getpriority()
Using setpriority()
APPLICATION USAGE
RATIONALE
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 21:46:45 GMT, April 16, 2011