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A64L

A64L

Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (P) Updated: 2003
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NAME

a64l, l64a - convert between a 32-bit integer and a radix-64 ASCII string  

SYNOPSIS

#include <stdlib.h>

long a64l(const char *s);
char *l64a(long
value);
 

DESCRIPTION

These functions maintain numbers stored in radix-64 ASCII characters. This is a notation by which 32-bit integers can be represented by up to six characters; each character represents a digit in radix-64 notation. If the type long contains more than 32 bits, only the low-order 32 bits shall be used for these operations.

The characters used to represent digits are '.' (dot) for 0, '/' for 1, '0' through '9' for [2,11], 'A' through 'Z' for [12,37], and 'a' through 'z' for [38,63].

The a64l() function shall take a pointer to a radix-64 representation, in which the first digit is the least significant, and return the corresponding long value. If the string pointed to by s contains more than six characters, a64l() shall use the first six. If the first six characters of the string contain a null terminator, a64l() shall use only characters preceding the null terminator. The a64l() function shall scan the character string from left to right with the least significant digit on the left, decoding each character as a 6-bit radix-64 number. If the type long contains more than 32 bits, the resulting value is sign-extended. The behavior of a64l() is unspecified if s is a null pointer or the string pointed to by s was not generated by a previous call to l64a().

The l64a() function shall take a long argument and return a pointer to the corresponding radix-64 representation. The behavior of l64a() is unspecified if value is negative.

The value returned by l64a() may be a pointer into a static buffer. Subsequent calls to l64a() may overwrite the buffer.

The l64a() function need not be reentrant. A function that is not required to be reentrant is not required to be thread-safe.  

RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, a64l() shall return the long value resulting from conversion of the input string. If a string pointed to by s is an empty string, a64l() shall return 0L.

The l64a() function shall return a pointer to the radix-64 representation. If value is 0L, l64a() shall return a pointer to an empty string.  

ERRORS

No errors are defined.

The following sections are informative.  

EXAMPLES

None.  

APPLICATION USAGE

If the type long contains more than 32 bits, the result of a64l(l64a(x)) is x in the low-order 32 bits.  

RATIONALE

This is not the same encoding as used by either encoding variant of the uuencode utility.  

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.  

SEE ALSO

strtoul() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <stdlib.h>, the Shell and Utilities volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, uuencode  

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
APPLICATION USAGE
RATIONALE
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

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