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LROUND

LROUND

Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (P) Updated: 2003
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NAME

lround, lroundf, lroundl - round to nearest integer value  

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

long lround(double x);
long lroundf(float
x);
long lroundl(long double
x);
 

DESCRIPTION

These functions shall round their argument to the nearest integer value, rounding halfway cases away from zero, regardless of the current rounding direction.

An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.  

RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the rounded integer value.

If x is NaN, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.

If x is +Inf, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.

If x is -Inf, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.

If the correct value is positive and too large to represent as a long, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.

If the correct value is negative and too large to represent as a long, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.  

ERRORS

These functions shall fail if:

Domain Error
The x argument is NaN or ±Inf, or the correct value is not representable as an integer.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.

The following sections are informative.  

EXAMPLES

None.  

APPLICATION USAGE

On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.  

RATIONALE

These functions differ from the lrint() functions in the default rounding direction, with the lround() functions rounding halfway cases away from zero and needing not to raise the inexact floating-point exception for non-integer arguments that round to within the range of the return type.  

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.  

SEE ALSO

feclearexcept() , fetestexcept() , llround() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>  

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
APPLICATION USAGE
RATIONALE
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

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Time: 21:49:45 GMT, April 16, 2011