double nearbyint(double x);
float nearbyintf(float x);
long double nearbyintl(long double x);
These functions shall round their argument to an integer value in floating-point format, using the current rounding direction and without raising the inexact floating-point exception.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the rounded integer value.
If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is ±0, ±0 shall be returned.
If x is ±Inf, x shall be returned.
If the correct value would cause overflow, a range error shall occur and nearbyint(), nearbyintf(), and nearbyintl() shall return the value of the macro ±HUGE_VAL, ±HUGE_VALF, and ±HUGE_VALL (with the same sign as x), respectively.
These functions shall fail if:
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the overflow floating-point exception shall be raised.
The following sections are informative.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.
feclearexcept() , fetestexcept() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>