int pipe(int fildes);
The pipe() function shall create a pipe and place two file descriptors, one each into the arguments fildes and fildes, that refer to the open file descriptions for the read and write ends of the pipe. Their integer values shall be the two lowest available at the time of the pipe() call. The O_NONBLOCK and FD_CLOEXEC flags shall be clear on both file descriptors. (The fcntl() function can be used to set both these flags.)
Data can be written to the file descriptor fildes and read from the file descriptor fildes. A read on the file descriptor fildes shall access data written to the file descriptor fildes on a first-in-first-out basis. It is unspecified whether fildes is also open for writing and whether fildes is also open for reading.
A process has the pipe open for reading (correspondingly writing) if it has a file descriptor open that refers to the read end, fildes (write end, fildes).
Upon successful completion, pipe() shall mark for update the st_atime, st_ctime, and st_mtime fields of the pipe.
Upon successful completion, 0 shall be returned; otherwise, -1 shall be returned and errno set to indicate the error.
The pipe() function shall fail if:
The following sections are informative.
The wording carefully avoids using the verb "to open" in order to avoid any implication of use of open(); see also write() .
fcntl() , read() , write() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <fcntl.h>, <unistd.h>