int pthread_mutexattr_getprotocol(const pthread_mutexattr_t *
restrict attr, int *restrict protocol);
int pthread_mutexattr_setprotocol(pthread_mutexattr_t *attr,
The pthread_mutexattr_getprotocol() and pthread_mutexattr_setprotocol() functions, respectively, shall get and set the protocol attribute of a mutex attributes object pointed to by attr which was previously created by the function pthread_mutexattr_init().
The protocol attribute defines the protocol to be followed in utilizing mutexes. The value of protocol may be one of:
which are defined in the <pthread.h> header.
When a thread owns a mutex with the PTHREAD_PRIO_NONE protocol attribute, its priority and scheduling shall not be affected by its mutex ownership.
When a thread is blocking higher priority threads because of owning one or more mutexes with the PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT protocol attribute, it shall execute at the higher of its priority or the priority of the highest priority thread waiting on any of the mutexes owned by this thread and initialized with this protocol.
When a thread owns one or more mutexes initialized with the PTHREAD_PRIO_PROTECT protocol, it shall execute at the higher of its priority or the highest of the priority ceilings of all the mutexes owned by this thread and initialized with this attribute, regardless of whether other threads are blocked on any of these mutexes or not.
While a thread is holding a mutex which has been initialized with the PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT or PTHREAD_PRIO_PROTECT protocol attributes, it shall not be subject to being moved to the tail of the scheduling queue at its priority in the event that its original priority is changed, such as by a call to sched_setparam(). Likewise, when a thread unlocks a mutex that has been initialized with the PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT or PTHREAD_PRIO_PROTECT protocol attributes, it shall not be subject to being moved to the tail of the scheduling queue at its priority in the event that its original priority is changed.
If a thread simultaneously owns several mutexes initialized with different protocols, it shall execute at the highest of the priorities that it would have obtained by each of these protocols.
When a thread makes a call to pthread_mutex_lock(), the mutex was initialized with the protocol attribute having the value PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT, when the calling thread is blocked because the mutex is owned by another thread, that owner thread shall inherit the priority level of the calling thread as long as it continues to own the mutex. The implementation shall update its execution priority to the maximum of its assigned priority and all its inherited priorities. Furthermore, if this owner thread itself becomes blocked on another mutex, the same priority inheritance effect shall be propagated to this other owner thread, in a recursive manner.
Upon successful completion, the pthread_mutexattr_getprotocol() and pthread_mutexattr_setprotocol() functions shall return zero; otherwise, an error number shall be returned to indicate the error.
The pthread_mutexattr_setprotocol() function shall fail if:
The pthread_mutexattr_getprotocol() and pthread_mutexattr_setprotocol() functions may fail if:
These functions shall not return an error code of [EINTR].
The following sections are informative.
pthread_cond_destroy() , pthread_create() , pthread_mutex_destroy() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <pthread.h>