#include <math.h>
double scalb(double x, double n);
The scalb() function shall compute x*r**n, where r is the radix of the machine's floating-point arithmetic. When r is 2, scalb() shall be equivalent to ldexp() . The value of r is FLT_RADIX which is defined in <float.h>.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.
Upon successful completion, the scalb() function shall return x*r**n.
If x or n is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If n is zero, x shall be returned.
If x is ±Inf and n is not -Inf, x shall be returned.
If x is ±0 and n is not +Inf, x shall be returned.
If x is ±0 and n is +Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.
If x is ±Inf and n is -Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.
If the result would cause an overflow, a range error shall occur and ±HUGE_VAL (according to the sign of x) shall be returned.
If the correct value would cause underflow, and is representable, a range error may occur and the correct value shall be returned.
If the correct value would cause underflow, and is not representable, a range error may occur, and 0.0 shall be returned.
The scalb() function shall fail if:
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the overflow floating-point exception shall be raised.
The scalb() function may fail if:
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the underflow floating-point exception shall be raised.
The following sections are informative.
Applications should use either scalbln(), scalblnf(), or scalblnl() in preference to this function.
IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 only defines the behavior for the scalb() function when the n argument is an integer, a NaN, or Inf. The behavior of other values for the n argument is unspecified.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.
feclearexcept() , fetestexcept() , ilogb() , ldexp() , logb() , scalbln() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <float.h>, <math.h>