double sqrt(doublex);
float sqrtf(floatx);
long double sqrtl(long doublex);

DESCRIPTION

These functions shall compute the square root of their argument x,
sqrt(x).

An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno
to zero and call
feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions.
On return, if errno is non-zero or
fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW)
is non-zero, an error has occurred.

RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the square
root of x.

For finite values of x < -0, a domain error shall occur, and
either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value
shall be returned.

If
x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.

If x is ±0 or +Inf, x shall be returned.

If x is -Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if
supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be
returned.

ERRORS

These functions shall fail if:

Domain Error

The finite value of x is < -0, or x is -Inf.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero,
then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the
integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero,
then the invalid floating-point exception shall be
raised.

The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES

Taking the Square Root of 9.0

#include <math.h>
...
double x = 9.0;
double result;
...
result = sqrt(x);

APPLICATION USAGE

On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling
& MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of
each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

RATIONALE

None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

SEE ALSO

feclearexcept() , fetestexcept() , isnan() , the
Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment
of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>, <stdio.h>

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
-- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard
is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at
http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .