#include <math.h>
double tan(double x);
float tanf(float x);
long double tanl(long double x);
These functions shall compute the tangent of their argument x, measured in radians.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the tangent of x.
If the correct value would cause underflow, and is not representable, a range error may occur, and either 0.0 (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.
If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is ±0, x shall be returned.
If x is subnormal, a range error may occur and x should be returned.
If x is ±Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.
If the correct value would cause underflow, and is representable, a range error may occur and the correct value shall be returned.
If the correct value would cause overflow, a range error shall occur and tan(), tanf(), and tanl() shall return ±HUGE_VAL, ±HUGE_VALF, and ±HUGE_VALL, respectively, with the same sign as the correct value of the function.
These functions shall fail if:
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the overflow floating-point exception shall be raised.
These functions may fail if:
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the underflow floating-point exception shall be raised.
The following sections are informative.
#include <math.h> ... double radians = 45.0 * M_PI / 180; double result; ... result = tan (radians);
There are no known floating-point representations such that for a normal argument, tan( x) is either overflow or underflow.
These functions may lose accuracy when their argument is near a multiple of pi/2 or is far from 0.0.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.
atan() , feclearexcept() , fetestexcept() , isnan() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>