bounce_template_file = /etc/postfix/bounce.cf postconf -b [template_file]
By default, these notifications are generated from built-in templates with message headers and message text. Sites can override the built-in information by specifying a bounce template file with the bounce_template_file configuration parameter.
This document describes the general procedure to create a bounce template file, followed by the specific details of bounce template formats.
To create a customized bounce template file, create a temporary copy of the file /etc/postfix/bounce.cf.default and edit the temporary file.
To preview the results of $name expansions in the template text, use the command
postconf -b temporary_file
Errors in the template will be reported to the standard error stream and to the syslog daemon.
While previewing the text, be sure to pay particular attention to the expansion of time value parameters that appear in the delayed mail notification text.
Once the result is satisfactory, copy the template to the Postfix configuration directory and specify in main.cf something like:
/etc/postfix/main.cf: bounce_template_file = /etc/postfix/bounce.cf
The template file can specify templates for failed mail, delayed mail, successful delivery or for address verification. These templates are named failure_template, delay_template, success_template and verify_template, respectively. You can but do not have to specify all four templates in a bounce template file.
Each template starts with "template_name = <<EOF" and ends with a line that contains the word "EOF" only. You can change the word EOF, but you can't enclose it in quotes as with the shell or with Perl (template_name = <<'EOF'). Here is an example:
# The failure template is used for undeliverable mail. failure_template = <<EOF Charset: us-ascii From: MAILER-DAEMON (Mail Delivery System) Subject: Undelivered Mail Returned to Sender Postmaster-Subject: Postmaster Copy: Undelivered Mail This is the mail system at host $myhostname. I'm sorry to have to inform you that your message could not be delivered to one or more recipients. It's attached below. For further assistance, please send mail to postmaster. If you do so, please include this problem report. You can delete your own text from the attached returned message. The mail system EOF
The usage and specification of bounce templates is subject to the following restrictions:
Examples of all templates can be found in the file bounce.cf.default in the Postfix configuration directory.
The first portion of a bounce template consists of optional template headers. Some become message headers in the delivery status notification; some control the formatting of that notification. Headers not specified in a template will be left at their default value.
The following headers are supported:
The usage and specification of template message headers is subject to the following restrictions:
The second portion of a bounce template consists of message text. As the above example shows, template message text may contain main.cf $parameters. Besides the parameters that are defined in main.cf, the following parameters are treated specially depending on the suffix that is appended to their name.
The usage and specification of template message text is subject to the following restrictions:
bounce(8), Postfix delivery status notifications postconf(5), configuration parameters
The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.
The Postfix bounce template format was originally developed by Nicolas Riendeau.
Wietse Venema IBM T.J. Watson Research P.O. Box 704 Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA