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MYSQL_TABLE

MYSQL_TABLE

Section: File Formats (5)
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NAME

mysql_table - Postfix MySQL client configuration  

SYNOPSIS

postmap -q "string" mysql:/etc/postfix/filename

postmap -q - mysql:/etc/postfix/filename <inputfile
 

DESCRIPTION

The Postfix mail system uses optional tables for address rewriting or mail routing. These tables are usually in dbm or db format.

Alternatively, lookup tables can be specified as MySQL databases. In order to use MySQL lookups, define a MySQL source as a lookup table in main.cf, for example:

    alias_maps = mysql:/etc/mysql-aliases.cf

The file /etc/postfix/mysql-aliases.cf has the same format as the Postfix main.cf file, and can specify the parameters described below.  

BACKWARDS COMPATIBILITY



For compatibility with other Postfix lookup tables, MySQL
parameters can also be defined in main.cf.  In order to do that,
specify as MySQL source a name that doesn't begin with a slash
or a dot.  The MySQL parameters will then be accessible as the
name you've given the source in its definition, an underscore,
and the name of the parameter.  For example, if the map is
specified as "mysql:mysqlname", the parameter "hosts"
below would be defined in main.cf as "mysqlname_hosts".

Note: with this form, the passwords for the MySQL sources are written in main.cf, which is normally world-readable. Support for this form will be removed in a future Postfix version.

Normally, the SQL query is specified via a single query parameter (described in more detail below). When this parameter is not specified in the map definition, Postfix reverts to an older interface, with the SQL query constructed from the select_field, table, where_field and additional_conditions parameters. The old interface will be gradually phased out. To migrate to the new interface set:

    query = SELECT [select_field]
        FROM [table]
        WHERE [where_field] = '%s'
            [additional_conditions]

Insert the value, not the name, of each legacy parameter. Note that the additional_conditions parameter is optional and if not empty, will always start with AND.  

LIST MEMBERSHIP



When using SQL to store lists such as $mynetworks,
$mydestination, $relay_domains, $local_recipient_maps,
etc., it is important to understand that the table must
store each list member as a separate key. The table lookup
verifies the *existence* of the key. See "Postfix lists
versus tables" in the DATABASE_README document for a
discussion.

Do NOT create tables that return the full list of domains in $mydestination or $relay_domains etc., or IP addresses in $mynetworks.

DO create tables with each matching item as a key and with an arbitrary value. With SQL databases it is not uncommon to return the key itself or a constant value.  

MYSQL PARAMETERS



hosts
The hosts that Postfix will try to connect to and query from. Specify unix: for UNIX domain sockets, inet: for TCP connections (default). Example:
    hosts = host1.some.domain host2.some.domain
    hosts = unix:/file/name

The hosts are tried in random order, with all connections over UNIX domain sockets being tried before those over TCP. The connections are automatically closed after being idle for about 1 minute, and are re-opened as necessary. Postfix versions 2.0 and earlier do not randomize the host order.

NOTE: if you specify localhost as a hostname (even if you prefix it with inet:), MySQL will connect to the default UNIX domain socket. In order to instruct MySQL to connect to localhost over TCP you have to specify

    hosts = 127.0.0.1
user, password
The user name and password to log into the mysql server. Example:
    user = someone
    password = some_password
dbname
The database name on the servers. Example:
    dbname = customer_database
query
The SQL query template used to search the database, where %s is a substitute for the address Postfix is trying to resolve, e.g.
    query = SELECT replacement FROM aliases WHERE mailbox = '%s'

This parameter supports the following '%' expansions:

%%
This is replaced by a literal '%' character.
%s
This is replaced by the input key. SQL quoting is used to make sure that the input key does not add unexpected metacharacters.
%u
When the input key is an address of the form user@domain, %u is replaced by the SQL quoted local part of the address. Otherwise, %u is replaced by the entire search string. If the localpart is empty, the query is suppressed and returns no results.
%d
When the input key is an address of the form user@domain, %d is replaced by the SQL quoted domain part of the address. Otherwise, the query is suppressed and returns no results.
%[SUD]
The upper-case equivalents of the above expansions behave in the query parameter identically to their lower-case counter-parts. With the result_format parameter (see below), they expand the input key rather than the result value.
%[1-9]
The patterns %1, %2, ... %9 are replaced by the corresponding most significant component of the input key's domain. If the input key is user@mail.example.com, then %1 is com, %2 is example and %3 is mail. If the input key is unqualified or does not have enough domain components to satisfy all the specified patterns, the query is suppressed and returns no results.
The domain parameter described below limits the input keys to addresses in matching domains. When the domain parameter is non-empty, SQL queries for unqualified addresses or addresses in non-matching domains are suppressed and return no results.

This parameter is available with Postfix 2.2. In prior releases the SQL query was built from the separate parameters: select_field, table, where_field and additional_conditions. The mapping from the old parameters to the equivalent query is:

    SELECT [select_field]
    FROM [table]
    WHERE [where_field] = '%s'
          [additional_conditions]

The '%s' in the WHERE clause expands to the escaped search string. With Postfix 2.2 these legacy parameters are used if the query parameter is not specified.

NOTE: DO NOT put quotes around the query parameter.

result_format (default: %s)
Format template applied to result attributes. Most commonly used to append (or prepend) text to the result. This parameter supports the following '%' expansions:
%%
This is replaced by a literal '%' character.
%s
This is replaced by the value of the result attribute. When result is empty it is skipped.
%u
When the result attribute value is an address of the form user@domain, %u is replaced by the local part of the address. When the result has an empty localpart it is skipped.
%d
When a result attribute value is an address of the form user@domain, %d is replaced by the domain part of the attribute value. When the result is unqualified it is skipped.
%[SUD1-9]
The upper-case and decimal digit expansions interpolate the parts of the input key rather than the result. Their behavior is identical to that described with query, and in fact because the input key is known in advance, queries whose key does not contain all the information specified in the result template are suppressed and return no results.
For example, using "result_format = smtp:[%s]" allows one to use a mailHost attribute as the basis of a transport(5) table. After applying the result format, multiple values are concatenated as comma separated strings. The expansion_limit and parameter explained below allows one to restrict the number of values in the result, which is especially useful for maps that must return at most one value.

The default value %s specifies that each result value should be used as is.

This parameter is available with Postfix 2.2 and later.

NOTE: DO NOT put quotes around the result format!

domain (default: no domain list)
This is a list of domain names, paths to files, or dictionaries. When specified, only fully qualified search keys with a *non-empty* localpart and a matching domain are eligible for lookup: 'user' lookups, bare domain lookups and "@domain" lookups are not performed. This can significantly reduce the query load on the MySQL server.
    domain = postfix.org, hash:/etc/postfix/searchdomains

It is best not to use SQL to store the domains eligible for SQL lookups.

This parameter is available with Postfix 2.2 and later.

NOTE: DO NOT define this parameter for local(8) aliases, because the input keys are always unqualified.

expansion_limit (default: 0)
A limit on the total number of result elements returned (as a comma separated list) by a lookup against the map. A setting of zero disables the limit. Lookups fail with a temporary error if the limit is exceeded. Setting the limit to 1 ensures that lookups do not return multiple values.
 

OBSOLETE QUERY INTERFACE



This section describes an interface that is deprecated as
of Postfix 2.2. It is replaced by the more general query
interface described above.  If the query parameter
is defined, the legacy parameters described here ignored.
Please migrate to the new interface as the legacy interface
may be removed in a future release.

The following parameters can be used to fill in a SELECT template statement of the form:

    SELECT [select_field]
    FROM [table]
    WHERE [where_field] = '%s'
          [additional_conditions]

The specifier %s is replaced by the search string, and is escaped so if it contains single quotes or other odd characters, it will not cause a parse error, or worse, a security problem.

select_field
The SQL "select" parameter. Example:
    select_field = forw_addr
table
The SQL "select .. from" table name. Example:
    table = mxaliases
where_field
The SQL "select .. where" parameter. Example:
    where_field = alias
additional_conditions
Additional conditions to the SQL query. Example:
    additional_conditions = AND status = 'paid'
 

SEE ALSO

postmap(1), Postfix lookup table maintenance
postconf(5), configuration parameters
ldap_table(5), LDAP lookup tables
pgsql_table(5), PostgreSQL lookup tables
sqlite_table(5), SQLite lookup tables
 

README FILES



Use "postconf readme_directory" or
"postconf html_directory" to locate this information.

DATABASE_README, Postfix lookup table overview
MYSQL_README, Postfix MYSQL client guide
 

LICENSE



The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.
 

HISTORY

MySQL support was introduced with Postfix version 1.0.
 

AUTHOR(S)

Original implementation by:
Scott Cotton, Joshua Marcus
IC Group, Inc.

Further enhancements by:
Liviu Daia
Institute of Mathematics of the Romanian Academy
P.O. BOX 1-764
RO-014700 Bucharest, ROMANIA


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BACKWARDS COMPATIBILITY
LIST MEMBERSHIP
MYSQL PARAMETERS
OBSOLETE QUERY INTERFACE
SEE ALSO
README FILES
LICENSE
HISTORY
AUTHOR(S)

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 22:00:09 GMT, April 16, 2011