backup vols [-na <volume set name>] [-f <file name>]
[-p <TC port offset>+] [-e <new volume name extension>]
[-n] [-l] [-c <cell name>] [-h]
(If the "FILE YES" instruction appears in the /var/lib/openafs/backup/CFG_device_name file associated with the specified port offset, then the backup volsetrestore command restores data from the backup data file listed for that port offset in the Tape Coordinator's /var/lib/openafs/backup/tapeconfig file, instead of from tape. For the sake of clarity, the following text refers to tapes only, but the Backup System handles backup data files in much the same way.)
If restoring one or more volumes to a single site only, it is usually more efficient to use the backup volrestore command. If restoring all volumes that resided on a single partition, it is usually more efficient to use the backup diskrestore command.
Indicate the volumes to restore by providing either the -name argument or the -file argument:
It is not required that the volume set was previously used to back up volumes (was used as the -volumeset option to the backup dump command). It can be defined especially to match the volumes that need to be restored with this command, and that is usually the better choice. Indeed, a temporary volume set, created by including the -temporary flag to the backup addvolset command, can be especially useful in this context. A temporary volume set is not added to the Backup Database and exists only during the current interactive backup session, which is suitable if the volume set is needed only to complete the single restore operation initialized by this command.
The reason that a specially defined volume set is probably better is that volume sets previously defined for use in dump operations usually match the backup version of volumes, whereas for a restore operation it is best to define volume entries that match the base (read/write) name. In that case, the Backup System searches the Backup Database for the newest dump set that includes either the read/write or the backup version of the volume. If, in contrast, a volume entry explicitly matches the volume's backup or read-only version, the Backup System restores dumps of that volume version only.
If all of the full and incremental dumps of all relevant volumes were not written to a type of tape that a single Tape Coordinator can read, use the -portoffset argument to list multiple port offset numbers in the order in which the tapes are needed (first list the port offset for the full dump, second the port offset for the level 1 incremental dump, and so on). This implies that the full dumps of all relevant volumes must have been written to a type of tape that the first Tape Coordinator can read, the level 1 incremental dumps to a type of tape the second Tape Coordinator can read, and so on. If dumps are on multiple incompatible tape types, use the backup volrestore command to restore individual volumes, or use this command after defining new volume sets that group together volumes that were dumped to compatible tape types. For further discussion, see the IBM AFS Administration Guide.
By default, the Backup System overwrites the contents of an existing volume with the restored data. To create a new volume to house the restored version instead, use the -extension argument. The Backup System derives the new volume's name by adding the specified extension to the read/write base name, and creates a new VLDB entry. The command does not affect the existing volume in any way. However, if a volume with the specified extension also already exists, the command overwrites it.
The -n flag produces a list of the volumes to be restored if the -n flag were not included, without actually restoring any volumes. See OUTPUT for a detailed description of the output, and suggestions on how to combine it most effectively with the -file and -name arguments.
The execution time for a backup volsetrestore command depends on the number of volumes to be restored and the amount of data in them, but it can take hours to restore a large number of volumes. One way to reduce the time is to run multiple instances of the command simultaneously, either using the -name argument to specify disjoint volume sets for each command, or the -file argument to name files that list different volumes. This is possible if there are multiple available Tape Coordinators that can read the required tapes. Depending on how the volumes to be restored were dumped to tape, specifying disjoint volume sets can also reduce the number of tape changes required.
The Tape Coordinator's default response to this command is to access the first tape it needs by invoking the "MOUNT" instruction in the local /var/lib/openafs/backup/CFG_device_name file, or by prompting the backup operator to insert the tape if there is no "MOUNT" instruction. However, if the "AUTOQUERY NO" instruction appears in the CFG_device_name file, or if the issuer of the butc command included the -noautoquery flag, the Tape Coordinator instead expects the tape to be in the device already. If it is not, or is the wrong tape, the Tape Coordinator invokes the "MOUNT" instruction or prompts the operator. It also invokes the "MOUNT" instruction or prompts for any additional tapes needed to complete the restore operation; the backup operator must arrange to provide them.
Each volume's entry must appear on its own (unbroken) line in the file, and have the following format:
<machine> <partition> <volume> [<comments> ...]
Do not use wildcards (for example, ".*") in the <machine>, <partition>, or <volume> fields. It is acceptable for multiple lines in the file to name the same volume, but the Backup System processes only the first of them.
Provide this argument unless the default value of 0 (zero) is appropriate for all dumps. If 0 is just one of the values in the list, provide it explicitly in the appropriate order.
The task ID number is not the same as the job ID number displayed by the backup jobs command when the backup volsetrestore command is issued in interactive mode. The Backup System does not assign either type of ID number until the restoration process actually begins.
When the -n flag is included, no task ID or job ID numbers are reported because none are assigned. Instead, the output begins with a count of the number of volumes to be restored, followed by a line for each dump of a volume. For each volume, the line representing the most recent full dump appears first, and lines for any subsequent incremental dumps follow, ordered by dump level. The lines for a given volume do not necessarily appear all together, however.
The format of each line is as follows (the output is shown here on two lines only for legibility reasons):
<machine> <partition> <volume_dumped> # as <volume_restored>; \ <tape_name> (<tape_ID>); pos <position_number>; <date>
One way to generate a file for use as input to the -file argument is to combine the -name and -n options, directing the output to a file. The IBM AFS Administration Guide section on using the Backup System to restore data explains how to edit the file as necessary before using it as input to the -file argument.
The output of this command includes only volumes for which the Backup Database includes at least one dump record. The command interpreter generates a message on the standard error stream about volumes that do not have dump records but either are listed in the file named by the -file argument, or appear in the VLDB as a match to a volume entry in the volume set named by the -name argument.
% backup volsetrestore -name data.restore Starting restore backup: task ID of restore operation: 112 backup: Finished doing restore
The following command restores all volumes that have entries in the file named /tmp/restore:
% backup volsetrestore -file /tmp/restore Starting restore backup: task ID of restore operation: 113 backup: Finished doing restore
The /tmp/restore file has the following contents:
fs1.abc.com b user.pat fs1.abc.com b user.terry fs1.abc.com b user.smith fs2.abc.com c user.jones . . . . . .
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