is the user-space daemon for the netfilter connection tracking system. This daemon synchronizes connection tracking states between several replica firewalls. Thus,
can be used to deploy highly available stateful firewalls. The daemon supports Primary-Backup and Multiprimary setups. The daemon can also be used as statistics collector.
The options recognized by
can be divided into several different groups.
These options specify the particular operation mode in which conntrackd runs. Only one of them can be specified at any given time.
Run conntrackd in daemon mode.
can be used in client mode to request several information and operations to a running daemon
Dump the internal cache, i.e. show local states
Dump the external cache, i.e. show foreign states
Display output in XML format. This option is only valid in combination
with "-i" and "-e" parameters.
Flush the internal and/or external cache
Flush the kernel conntrack table (if you use a Linux kernel >= 2.6.29, this
option will not flush your internal and external cache).
Force a bulk send to other replica firewalls. With this command, you will
ask conntrackd to send the state-entries that it owns to others.
Dump statistics. If no parameter is passed, it displays the general statistics.
If "network" is passed as parameter it displays the networking statistics.
If "cache" is passed as parameter, it shows the extended cache statistics.
If "runtime" is passed as parameter, it shows the run-time statistics.
If "process" is passed as parameter, it shows existing child processes (if any).
If "queue" is passed as parameter, it shows queue statistics.
Force a resync against the kernel connection tracking table
Reset the in-kernel timers (See PurgeTimeout clause)
Display version information.
Display help information.
The exit code is 0 for correct function. Errors cause an exit code of 1.
The following example are illustrative, for a real use in a firewall fail-over,
check the primary-backup.sh script that comes with the sources.
Runs conntrackd in daemon and synchronization mode
Dumps the states held in the internal cache, i.e. those handled by this firewall
Dumps the states held in the external cache, i.e. those handled by other replica firewalls
Commits the external cache into the kernel connection tracking system. This is used to inject the state so that the connections can be recovered during the failover.
This daemon requires a Linux kernel version >= 2.6.18. TCP window tracking support requires >= 2.6.22, otherwise you have to disable it. Helpers are fully supported since >= 2.6.25, however, if you use any previous version, depending on the protocol helper and your setup (e.g. if you setup performs NAT sequence adjustments or not), your help connection may be successfully recovered.
There are several unsupported stateful iptables matches such as recent, connbytes and the quota matches which gather internal information to operate. Since that information does not belong to the domain of the connection tracking system, connections affected by those matches may not be fully recovered during the takeover.
The daemon requires a Linux kernel version >= 2.6.26 to support kernel-space event filtering. Otherwise, all the event filtering is done in userspace with the corresponding extra overhead. If you are not using the Filter clause in the configuration file, ignore this notice.
During the 0.9.9 development, some important changes in the replication message format were introduced. Therefore, conntrackd >= 0.9.9 will not work appropriately with conntrackd <= 0.9.8. This should not be a problem if you use the same
conntrackd version in all the firewall replica nodes.