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DRBDSETUP

DRBDSETUP

Section: System Administration (8) Updated: 5 Dec 2008
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NAME

drbdsetup - Setup tool for DRBD . 

SYNOPSIS

drbdsetup {device} disk {lower_dev} {meta_data_dev} {meta_data_index} [-d {size}] [-e {err_handler}] [-f {fencing_policy}] [-b]
drbdsetup {device} net [af:] {local_addr} [:port] [af:] {remote_addr} [:port] {protocol} [-c {time}] [-i {time}] [-t {val}] [-S {size}] [-r {size}] [-k {count}] [-e {max_epoch_size}] [-b {max_buffers}] [-m] [-a {hash_alg}] [-x {shared_secret}] [-A {asb-0p-policy}] [-B {asb-1p-policy}] [-C {asb-2p-policy}] [-D] [-R {role-resync-conflict-policy}] [-p {ping_timeout}] [-u {val}] [-d {hash_alg}] [-o] [-n]
drbdsetup {device} syncer [-a {dev_minor}] [-r {rate}] [-e {extents}] [-v {verify-hash-alg}] [-c {cpu-mask}] [-C {csums-hash-alg}] [-R] [-p {plan_time}] [-s {fill_target}] [-d {delay_target}] [-m {max_rate}] [-n {ond-policy}]
drbdsetup {device} disconnect
drbdsetup {device} detach
drbdsetup {device} down
drbdsetup {device} primary [-f] [-o]
drbdsetup {device} secondary
drbdsetup {device} verify [-s {start-position}]
drbdsetup {device} invalidate
drbdsetup {device} invalidate-remote
drbdsetup {device} wait-connect [-t {wfc_timeout}] [-d {degr_wfc_timeout}] [-o {outdated_wfc_timeout}] [-w]
drbdsetup {device} wait-sync [-t {wfc_timeout}] [-d {degr_wfc_timeout}] [-o {outdated_wfc_timeout}] [-w]
drbdsetup {device} role
drbdsetup {device} cstate
drbdsetup {device} dstate
drbdsetup {device} status
drbdsetup {device} resize [-d {size}] [-f {assume-peer-has-space}] [-c {assume-clean}]
drbdsetup {device} check-resize
drbdsetup {device} pause-sync
drbdsetup {device} resume-sync
drbdsetup {device} outdate
drbdsetup {device} show-gi
drbdsetup {device} get-gi
drbdsetup {device} show
drbdsetup {device} suspend-io
drbdsetup {device} resume-io
drbdsetup {device} events [-u] [-a]
drbdsetup {device} new-current-uuid [-c]
 

DESCRIPTION

drbdsetup is used to associate DRBD devices with their backing block devices, to set up DRBD device pairs to mirror their backing block devices, and to inspect the configuration of running DRBD devices.  

NOTE

drbdsetup is a low level tool of the DRBD program suite. It is used by the data disk and drbd scripts to communicate with the device driver.  

COMMANDS

Each drbdsetup sub-command might require arguments and bring its own set of options. All values have default units which might be overruled by K, M or G. These units are defined in the usual way (e.g. K = 2^10 = 1024).  

Common options

All drbdsetup sub-commands accept these two options

--create-device

In case the specified DRBD device (minor number) does not exist yet, create it implicitly.

--set-defaults

When --set-defaults is given on the command line, all options of the invoked sub-command that are not explicitly set are reset to their default values.
 

disk

Associates device with lower_device to store its data blocks on. The -d (or --disk-size) should only be used if you wish not to use as much as possible from the backing block devices. If you do not use -d, the device is only ready for use as soon as it was connected to its peer once. (See the net command.)

-d, --disk-size size

You can override DRBD's size determination method with this option. If you need to use the device before it was ever connected to its peer, use this option to pass the size of the DRBD device to the driver. Default unit is sectors (1s = 512 bytes).

If you use the size parameter in drbd.conf, we strongly recommend to add an explicit unit postfix. drbdadm and drbdsetup used to have mismatching default units.

-e, --on-io-error err_handler

If the driver of the lower_device reports an error to DRBD, DRBD will either pass the error to the upper layers of the operating system, call a helper program, or detach the device from its backing storage and perform all further IO by requesting it from the peer. The valid err_handlers are: pass_on, call-local-io-error and detach.

-f, --fencing fencing_policy

Under fencing we understand preventive measures to avoid situations where both nodes are primary and disconnected (AKA split brain).

Valid fencing policies are:

dont-care

This is the default policy. No fencing actions are done.

resource-only

If a node becomes a disconnected primary, it tries to outdate the peer's disk. This is done by calling the fence-peer handler. The handler is supposed to reach the other node over alternative communication paths and call 'drbdadm outdate res' there.

resource-and-stonith

If a node becomes a disconnected primary, it freezes all its IO operations and calls its fence-peer handler. The fence-peer handler is supposed to reach the peer over alternative communication paths and call 'drbdadm outdate res' there. In case it cannot reach the peer, it should stonith the peer. IO is resumed as soon as the situation is resolved. In case your handler fails, you can resume IO with the resume-io command.

-b, --use-bmbv

In case the backing storage's driver has a merge_bvec_fn() function, DRBD has to pretend that it can only process IO requests in units not larger than 4 KiB. (At time of writing the only known drivers which have such a function are: md (software raid driver), dm (device mapper - LVM) and DRBD itself)

To get best performance out of DRBD on top of software raid (or any other driver with a merge_bvec_fn() function) you might enable this option, if you know for sure that the merge_bvec_fn() function will deliver the same results on all nodes of your cluster. I.e. the physical disks of the software raid are exactly of the same type. USE THIS OPTION ONLY IF YOU KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING.

-a, --no-disk-barrier, -i, --no-disk-flushes, -D, --no-disk-drain

DRBD has four implementations to express write-after-write dependencies to its backing storage device. DRBD will use the first method that is supported by the backing storage device and that is not disabled by the user.

When selecting the method you should not only base your decision on the measurable performance. In case your backing storage device has a volatile write cache (plain disks, RAID of plain disks) you should use one of the first two. In case your backing storage device has battery-backed write cache you may go with option 3 or 4. Option 4 will deliver the best performance such devices.

Unfortunately device mapper (LVM) might not support barriers.

The letter after "wo:" in /proc/drbd indicates with method is currently in use for a device: b, f, d, n. The implementations:

barrier

The first requires that the driver of the backing storage device support barriers (called 'tagged command queuing' in SCSI and 'native command queuing' in SATA speak). The use of this method can be disabled by the --no-disk-barrier option.

flush

The second requires that the backing device support disk flushes (called 'force unit access' in the drive vendors speak). The use of this method can be disabled using the --no-disk-flushes option.

drain

The third method is simply to let write requests drain before write requests of a new reordering domain are issued. That was the only implementation before 8.0.9. You can prevent to use of this method by using the --no-disk-drain option.

none

The fourth method is to not express write-after-write dependencies to the backing store at all.

-m, --no-md-flushes

Disables the use of disk flushes and barrier BIOs when accessing the meta data device. See the notes on --no-disk-flushes.

-s, --max-bio-bvecs

In some special circumstances the device mapper stack manages to pass BIOs to DRBD that violate the constraints that are set forth by DRBD's merge_bvec() function and which have more than one bvec. A known example is: phys-disk -> DRBD -> LVM -> Xen -> missaligned partition (63) -> DomU FS. Then you might see "bio would need to, but cannot, be split:" in the Dom0's kernel log.

The best workaround is to proper align the partition within the VM (E.g. start it at sector 1024). That costs 480 KiB of storage. Unfortunately the default of most Linux partitioning tools is to start the first partition at an odd number (63). Therefore most distributions install helpers for virtual linux machines will end up with missaligned partitions. The second best workaround is to limit DRBD's max bvecs per BIO (i.e., the max-bio-bvecs option) to 1, but that might cost performance.

The default value of max-bio-bvecs is 0, which means that there is no user imposed limitation.

 

net

Sets up the device to listen on af:local_addr:port for incoming connections and to try to connect to af:remote_addr:port. If port is omitted, 7788 is used as default. If af is omitted ipv4 gets used. Other supported address families are ipv6, ssocks for Dolphin Interconnect Solutions' "super sockets" and sdp for Sockets Direct Protocol (Infiniband).

On the TCP/IP link the specified protocol is used. Valid protocol specifiers are A, B, and C.

Protocol A: write IO is reported as completed, if it has reached local disk and local TCP send buffer.

Protocol B: write IO is reported as completed, if it has reached local disk and remote buffer cache.

Protocol C: write IO is reported as completed, if it has reached both local and remote disk.

-c, --connect-int time

In case it is not possible to connect to the remote DRBD device immediately, DRBD keeps on trying to connect. With this option you can set the time between two retries. The default value is 10 seconds, the unit is 1 second.

-i, --ping-int time

If the TCP/IP connection linking a DRBD device pair is idle for more than time seconds, DRBD will generate a keep-alive packet to check if its partner is still alive. The default value is 10 seconds, the unit is 1 second.

-t, --timeout val

If the partner node fails to send an expected response packet within val tenths of a second, the partner node is considered dead and therefore the TCP/IP connection is abandoned. The default value is 60 (= 6 seconds).

-S, --sndbuf-size size

The socket send buffer is used to store packets sent to the secondary node, which are not yet acknowledged (from a network point of view) by the secondary node. When using protocol A, it might be necessary to increase the size of this data structure in order to increase asynchronicity between primary and secondary nodes. But keep in mind that more asynchronicity is synonymous with more data loss in the case of a primary node failure. Since 8.0.13 resp. 8.2.7 setting the size value to 0 means that the kernel should autotune this. The default size is 0, i.e. autotune.

-r, --rcvbuf-size size

Packets received from the network are stored in the socket receive buffer first. From there they are consumed by DRBD. Before 8.3.2 the receive buffer's size was always set to the size of the socket send buffer. Since 8.3.2 they can be tuned independently. A value of 0 means that the kernel should autotune this. The default size is 0, i.e. autotune.

-k, --ko-count count

In case the secondary node fails to complete a single write request for count times the timeout, it is expelled from the cluster, i.e. the primary node goes into StandAlone mode. The default is 0, which disables this feature.

-e, --max-epoch-size val

With this option the maximal number of write requests between two barriers is limited. Should be set to the same as --max-buffers. Values smaller than 10 can lead to degraded performance. The default value is 2048.

-b, --max-buffers val

With this option the maximal number of buffer pages allocated by DRBD's receiver thread is limited. Should be set to the same as --max-epoch-size. Small values could lead to degraded performance. The default value is 2048, the minimum 32.

-u, --unplug-watermark val

When the number of pending write requests on the standby (secondary) node exceeds the unplug-watermark, we trigger the request processing of our backing storage device. Some storage controllers deliver better performance with small values, others deliver best performance when the value is set to the same value as max-buffers. Minimum 16, default 128, maximum 131072.

-m, --allow-two-primaries

With this option set you may assign primary role to both nodes. You only should use this option if you use a shared storage file system on top of DRBD. At the time of writing the only ones are: OCFS2 and GFS. If you use this option with any other file system, you are going to crash your nodes and to corrupt your data!

-a, --cram-hmac-alg alg

You need to specify the HMAC algorithm to enable peer authentication at all. You are strongly encouraged to use peer authentication. The HMAC algorithm will be used for the challenge response authentication of the peer. You may specify any digest algorithm that is named in /proc/crypto.

-x, --shared-secret secret

The shared secret used in peer authentication. May be up to 64 characters.

-A, --after-sb-0pri asb-0p-policy

possible policies are:

disconnect

No automatic resynchronization, simply disconnect.

discard-younger-primary

Auto sync from the node that was primary before the split-brain situation occurred.

discard-older-primary

Auto sync from the node that became primary as second during the split-brain situation.

discard-zero-changes

In case one node did not write anything since the split brain became evident, sync from the node that wrote something to the node that did not write anything. In case none wrote anything this policy uses a random decision to perform a "resync" of 0 blocks. In case both have written something this policy disconnects the nodes.

discard-least-changes

Auto sync from the node that touched more blocks during the split brain situation.

discard-node-NODENAME

Auto sync to the named node.

-B, --after-sb-1pri asb-1p-policy

possible policies are:

disconnect

No automatic resynchronization, simply disconnect.

consensus

Discard the version of the secondary if the outcome of the after-sb-0pri algorithm would also destroy the current secondary's data. Otherwise disconnect.

discard-secondary

Discard the secondary's version.

call-pri-lost-after-sb

Always honor the outcome of the after-sb-0pri algorithm. In case it decides the current secondary has the correct data, call the pri-lost-after-sb on the current primary.

violently-as0p

Always honor the outcome of the after-sb-0pri algorithm. In case it decides the current secondary has the correct data, accept a possible instantaneous change of the primary's data.

-C, --after-sb-2pri asb-2p-policy

possible policies are:

disconnect

No automatic resynchronization, simply disconnect.

call-pri-lost-after-sb

Always honor the outcome of the after-sb-0pri algorithm. In case it decides the current secondary has the right data, call the pri-lost-after-sb on the current primary.

violently-as0p

Always honor the outcome of the after-sb-0pri algorithm. In case it decides the current secondary has the right data, accept a possible instantaneous change of the primary's data.

-P, --always-asbp

Normally the automatic after-split-brain policies are only used if current states of the UUIDs do not indicate the presence of a third node.

With this option you request that the automatic after-split-brain policies are used as long as the data sets of the nodes are somehow related. This might cause a full sync, if the UUIDs indicate the presence of a third node. (Or double faults have led to strange UUID sets.)

-R, --rr-conflict role-resync-conflict-policy

This option sets DRBD's behavior when DRBD deduces from its meta data that a resynchronization is needed, and the SyncTarget node is already primary. The possible settings are: disconnect, call-pri-lost and violently. While disconnect speaks for itself, with the call-pri-lost setting the pri-lost handler is called which is expected to either change the role of the node to secondary, or remove the node from the cluster. The default is disconnect.

With the violently setting you allow DRBD to force a primary node into SyncTarget state. This means that the data exposed by DRBD changes to the SyncSource's version of the data instantaneously. USE THIS OPTION ONLY IF YOU KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING.

-d, --data-integrity-alg hash_alg

DRBD can ensure the data integrity of the user's data on the network by comparing hash values. Normally this is ensured by the 16 bit checksums in the headers of TCP/IP packets. This option can be set to any of the kernel's data digest algorithms. In a typical kernel configuration you should have at least one of md5, sha1, and crc32c available. By default this is not enabled.

See also the notes on data integrity on the drbd.conf manpage.

-o, --no-tcp-cork

DRBD usually uses the TCP socket option TCP_CORK to hint to the network stack when it can expect more data, and when it should flush out what it has in its send queue. There is at least one network stack that performs worse when one uses this hinting method. Therefore we introduced this option, which disable the setting and clearing of the TCP_CORK socket option by DRBD.

-p, --ping-timeout ping_timeout

The time the peer has to answer to a keep-alive packet. In case the peer's reply is not received within this time period, it is considered dead. The default unit is tenths of a second, the default value is 5 (for half a second).

-D, --discard-my-data

Use this option to manually recover from a split-brain situation. In case you do not have any automatic after-split-brain policies selected, the nodes refuse to connect. By passing this option you make this node a sync target immediately after successful connect.

-n, --dry-run

Causes DRBD to abort the connection process after the resync handshake, i.e. no resync gets performed. You can find out which resync DRBD would perform by looking at the kernel's log file.
 

syncer

Changes the synchronization daemon parameters of device at runtime.

-r, --rate rate

To ensure smooth operation of the application on top of DRBD, it is possible to limit the bandwidth that may be used by background synchronization. The default is 250 KiB/sec, the default unit is KiB/sec.

-a, --after minor

Start resync on this device only if the device with minor is already in connected state. Otherwise this device waits in SyncPause state.

-e, --al-extents extents

DRBD automatically performs hot area detection. With this parameter you control how big the hot area (=active set) can get. Each extent marks 4M of the backing storage. In case a primary node leaves the cluster unexpectedly, the areas covered by the active set must be resynced upon rejoining of the failed node. The data structure is stored in the meta-data area, therefore each change of the active set is a write operation to the meta-data device. A higher number of extents gives longer resync times but less updates to the meta-data. The default number of extents is 127. (Minimum: 7, Maximum: 3843)

-v, --verify-alg hash-alg

During online verification (as initiated by the verify sub-command), rather than doing a bit-wise comparison, DRBD applies a hash function to the contents of every block being verified, and compares that hash with the peer. This option defines the hash algorithm being used for that purpose. It can be set to any of the kernel's data digest algorithms. In a typical kernel configuration you should have at least one of md5, sha1, and crc32c available. By default this is not enabled; you must set this option explicitly in order to be able to use on-line device verification.

See also the notes on data integrity on the drbd.conf manpage.

-c, --cpu-mask cpu-mask

Sets the cpu-affinity-mask for DRBD's kernel threads of this device. The default value of cpu-mask is 0, which means that DRBD's kernel threads should be spread over all CPUs of the machine. This value must be given in hexadecimal notation. If it is too big it will be truncated.

-C, --csums-alg hash-alg

A resync process sends all marked data blocks form the source to the destination node, as long as no csums-alg is given. When one is specified the resync process exchanges hash values of all marked blocks first, and sends only those data blocks over, that have different hash values.

This setting is useful for DRBD setups with low bandwidth links. During the restart of a crashed primary node, all blocks covered by the activity log are marked for resync. But a large part of those will actually be still in sync, therefore using csums-alg will lower the required bandwidth in exchange for CPU cycles.

-R, --use-rle

During resync-handshake, the dirty-bitmaps of the nodes are exchanged and merged (using bit-or), so the nodes will have the same understanding of which blocks are dirty. On large devices, the fine grained dirty-bitmap can become large as well, and the bitmap exchange can take quite some time on low-bandwidth links.

Because the bitmap typically contains compact areas where all bits are unset (clean) or set (dirty), a simple run-length encoding scheme can considerably reduce the network traffic necessary for the bitmap exchange.

For backward compatibilty reasons, and because on fast links this possibly does not improve transfer time but consumes cpu cycles, this defaults to off.

Introduced in 8.3.2.

-p, --c-plan-ahead plan_time, -s, --c-fill-target fill_target, -d, --c-delay-target delay_target, -M, --c-max-rate max_rate

The dynamic resync speed controller gets enabled with setting plan_time to a positive value. It aims to fill the buffers along the data path with either a constant amount of data fill_target, or aims to have a constant delay time of delay_target along the path. The controller has an upper bound of max_rate.

By plan_time the agility of the controller is configured. Higher values yield for slower/lower responses of the controller to deviation from the target value. It should be at least 5 times RTT. For regular data paths a fill_target in the area of 4k to 100k is appropriate. For a setup that contains drbd-proxy it is advisable to use delay_target instead. Only when fill_target is set to 0 the controller will use delay_target. 5 times RTT is a reasonable starting value. Max_rate should be set to the bandwidth available between the DRBD-hosts and the machines hosting DRBD-proxy, or to the available disk-bandwidth.

The default value of plan_time is 0, the default unit is 0.1 seconds. Fill_target has 0 and sectors as default unit. Delay_target has 1 (100ms) and 0.1 as default unit. Max_rate has 10240 (100MiB/s) and KiB/s as default unit.

-m, --c-min-rate min_rate

We track the disk IO rate caused by the resync, so we can detect non-resync IO on the lower level device. If the lower level device seems to be busy, and the current resync rate is above min_rate, we throttle the resync.

The default value of min_rate is 4M, the default unit is k. If you want to not throttle at all, set it to zero, if you want to throttle always, set it to one.

-n, --on-no-data-accessible ond-policy

This setting controls what happens to IO requests on a degraded, disk less node (I.e. no data store is reachable). The available policies are io-error and suspend-io.

If ond-policy is set to suspend-io you can either resume IO by attaching/connecting the last lost data storage, or by the drbdadm resume-io res command. The latter will result in IO errors of course.

The default is io-error. This setting is available since DRBD 8.3.9.

 

primary

Sets the device into primary role. This means that applications (e.g. a file system) may open the device for read and write access. Data written to the device in primary role are mirrored to the device in secondary role.

Normally it is not possible to set both devices of a connected DRBD device pair to primary role. By using the --allow-two-primaries option, you override this behavior and instruct DRBD to allow two primaries.

-o, --overwrite-data-of-peer

Alias for --force.

-f, --force

Becoming primary fails if the local replica is not up-to-date. I.e. when it is inconsistent, outdated of consistent. By using this option you can force it into primary role anyway. USE THIS OPTION ONLY IF YOU KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING.
 

secondary

Brings the device into secondary role. This operation fails as long as at least one application (or file system) has opened the device.

It is possible that both devices of a connected DRBD device pair are secondary.  

verify

This initiates on-line device verification. During on-line verification, the contents of every block on the local node are compared to those on the peer node. Device verification progress can be monitored via /proc/drbd. Any blocks whose content differs from that of the corresponding block on the peer node will be marked out-of-sync in DRBD's on-disk bitmap; they are not brought back in sync automatically. To do that, simply disconnect and reconnect the resource.

If on-line verification is already in progress, this command silently does nothing.

This command will fail if the device is not part of a connected device pair.

See also the notes on data integrity on the drbd.conf manpage.

-s, --start start-sector

Since version 8.3.2, on-line verification should resume from the last position after connection loss. It may also be started from an arbitrary position by setting this option.

Default unit is sectors. You may also specify a unit explicitly. The start-sector will be rounded down to a multiple of 8 sectors (4kB).

 

invalidate

This forces the local device of a pair of connected DRBD devices into SyncTarget state, which means that all data blocks of the device are copied over from the peer.

This command will fail if the device is not part of a connected device pair.  

invalidate-remote

This forces the local device of a pair of connected DRBD devices into SyncSource state, which means that all data blocks of the device are copied to the peer.

On a disconnected device, this will set all bits in the out of sync bitmap. As a side affect this suspend updates to the on disk activity log. Updates to the on disk activity log will get resumes automatically when necessary.  

wait-connect

Returns as soon as the device can communicate with its partner device.

-t, --wfc-timeout wfc_timeout, -d, --degr-wfc-timeout degr_wfc_timeout, -o, --outdated-wfc-timeout outdated_wfc_timeout, -w, --wait-after-sb

This command will fail if the device cannot communicate with its partner for timeout seconds. If the peer was working before this node was rebooted, the wfc_timeout is used. If the peer was already down before this node was rebooted, the degr_wfc_timeout is used. If the peer was sucessfully outdated before this node was rebooted the outdated_wfc_timeout is used. The default value for all those timeout values is 0 which means to wait forever. In case the connection status goes down to StandAlone because the peer appeared but the devices had a split brain situation, the default for the command is to terminate. You can change this behavior with the --wait-after-sb option.
 

wait-sync

Returns as soon as the device leaves any synchronization into connected state. The options are the same as with the wait-connect command.  

disconnect

Removes the information set by the net command from the device. This means that the device goes into unconnected state and will no longer listen for incoming connections.  

detach

Removes the information set by the disk command from the device. This means that the device is detached from its backing storage device.  

down

Removes all configuration information from the device and forces it back to unconfigured state.  

role

Shows the current roles of the device and its peer, as local/peer.  

state

Deprecated alias for "role"  

cstate

Shows the current connection state of the device.  

dstate

Shows the current states of the backing storage devices, as local/peer.  

status

Shows the current status of the device in XML-like format. Example output:

<resource minor="0" name="s0" cs="SyncTarget" st1="Secondary" st2="Secondary"
         ds1="Inconsistent" ds2="UpToDate" resynced_precent="5.9" />

 

resize

This causes DRBD to reexamine the size of the device's backing storage device. To actually do online growing you need to extend the backing storages on both devices and call the resize command on one of your nodes.

The --assume-peer-has-space allows you to resize a device which is currently not connected to the peer. Use with care, since if you do not resize the peer's disk as well, further connect attempts of the two will fail.

When the --assume-clean option is given DRBD will skip the resync of the new storage. Only do this if you know that the new storage was initialized to the same content by other means.  

check-resize

To enable DRBD to detect offline resizing of backing devices this command may be used to record the current size of backing devices. The size is stored in files in /var/lib/drbd/ named drbd-minor-??.lkbd

This command is called by drbdadm resize res after drbdsetup device resize returned.  

pause-sync

Temporarily suspend an ongoing resynchronization by setting the local pause flag. Resync only progresses if neither the local nor the remote pause flag is set. It might be desirable to postpone DRBD's resynchronization after eventual resynchronization of the backing storage's RAID setup.  

resume-sync

Unset the local sync pause flag.  

outdate

Mark the data on the local backing storage as outdated. An outdated device refuses to become primary. This is used in conjunction with fencing and by the peer's fence-peer handler.  

show-gi

Displays the device's data generation identifiers verbosely.  

get-gi

Displays the device's data generation identifiers.  

show

Shows all available configuration information of the device.  

suspend-io

This command is of no apparent use and just provided for the sake of completeness.  

resume-io

If the fence-peer handler fails to stonith the peer node, and your fencing policy is set to resource-and-stonith, you can unfreeze IO operations with this command.  

events

Displays every state change of DRBD and all calls to helper programs. This might be used to get notified of DRBD's state changes by piping the output to another program.

-a, --all-devices

Display the events of all DRBD minors.

-u, --unfiltered

This is a debugging aid that displays the content of all received netlink messages.
 

new-current-uuid

Generates a new current UUID and rotates all other UUID values. This has at least two use cases, namely to skip the initial sync, and to reduce network bandwidth when starting in a single node configuration and then later (re-)integrating a remote site.

Available option:

-c, --clear-bitmap

Clears the sync bitmap in addition to generating a new current UUID.

This can be used to skip the initial sync, if you want to start from scratch. This use-case does only work on "Just Created" meta data. Necessary steps:

1. On both nodes, initialize meta data and configure the device.

drbdadm -- --force create-md res

2. They need to do the initial handshake, so they know their sizes.

drbdadm up res

3. They are now Connected Secondary/Secondary Inconsistent/Inconsistent. Generate a new current-uuid and clear the dirty bitmap.

drbdadm -- --clear-bitmap new-current-uuid res

4. They are now Connected Secondary/Secondary UpToDate/UpToDate. Make one side primary and create a file system.

drbdadm primary res

mkfs -t fs-type $(drbdadm sh-dev res)

One obvious side-effect is that the replica is full of old garbage (unless you made them identical using other means), so any online-verify is expected to find any number of out-of-sync blocks.

You must not use this on pre-existing data! Even though it may appear to work at first glance, once you switch to the other node, your data is toast, as it never got replicated. So do not leave out the mkfs (or equivalent).

This can also be used to shorten the initial resync of a cluster where the second node is added after the first node is gone into production, by means of disk shipping. This use-case works on disconnected devices only, the device may be in primary or secondary role.

The necessary steps on the current active server are:

1. drbdsetup device new-current-uuid --clear-bitmap

2. Take the copy of the current active server. E.g. by pulling a disk out of the RAID1 controller, or by copying with dd. You need to copy the actual data, and the meta data.

3. drbdsetup device new-current-uuid

Now add the disk to the new secondary node, and join it to the cluster. You will get a resync of that parts that were changed since the first call to drbdsetup in step 1.  

EXAMPLES

For examples, please have a look at the m[blue]DRBD User's Guidem[][1].  

VERSION

This document was revised for version 8.3.2 of the DRBD distribution.  

AUTHOR

Written by Philipp Reisner philipp.reisner@linbit.com and Lars Ellenberg lars.ellenberg@linbit.com  

REPORTING BUGS

Report bugs to drbd-user@lists.linbit.com.  

COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2001-2008 LINBIT Information Technologies, Philipp Reisner, Lars Ellenberg. This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  

SEE ALSO

drbd.conf(5), drbd(8), drbddisk(8), drbdadm(8), m[blue]DRBD User's Guidem[][1], m[blue]DRBD web sitem[][2]  

NOTES

1.
DRBD User's Guide
http://www.drbd.org/users-guide/
2.
DRBD web site
http://www.drbd.org/


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTE
COMMANDS
Common options
disk
net
syncer
primary
secondary
verify
invalidate
invalidate-remote
wait-connect
wait-sync
disconnect
detach
down
role
state
cstate
dstate
status
resize
check-resize
pause-sync
resume-sync
outdate
show-gi
get-gi
show
suspend-io
resume-io
events
new-current-uuid
EXAMPLES
VERSION
AUTHOR
REPORTING BUGS
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
NOTES

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 22:01:33 GMT, April 16, 2011